Aneurin Bevan citáty
Datum narození: 15. listopad 1897
Datum úmrtí: 6. červenec 1960
Aneurin Bevan byl britský politik velšského původu, člen Labour Party, britský ministr zdravotnictví v letech 1945–1951 a ministr práce a sociálních věcí v roce 1951, obě funkce zastával v poválečném labouristickém kabinetu Clementa Atlee. 31 let zasedal jako poslanec britského parlamentu za obvod Ebbw Vale. Jako ministr zdravotnictví založil systém veřejného zdravotnictví, tzv. National Health Service. Zejména díky tomu je vnímán jako jedna z největších osobností britských politických dějin, čehož důkazem je, že roku 2004 byl zvolen Největším Velšanem historie a roku 2002 45. největším Britem. Měl přezdívku Nye.
Citáty Aneurin Bevan
Hansard, House of Commons, 5th series, vol. 468, col. 319.
Speech in the House of Commons, 29 September 1949.
Kontext: It has been suggested, I think by the hon. Member for East Aberdeenshire (Mr. Boothby) that the most constructive suggestion he could make was to urge an early General Election and a return of a Tory Government in Britain. Why on earth should he want to prophesy what might result from a Tory Government when history has the record for him? Why read the crystal when he can read the book?
„That is why no amount of cajolery, and no attempts at ethical or social seduction, can eradicate from my heart a deep burning hatred for the Tory Party that inflicted those bitter experiences on me. So far as I am concerned they are lower than vermin. They condemned millions of first-class people to semi-starvation. Now the Tories are pouring out money in propaganda of all sorts and are hoping by this organised sustained mass suggestion to eradicate from our minds all memory of what we went through. But, I warn you young men and women, do not listen to what they are saying now. Do not listen to the seductions of Lord Woolton. He is a very good salesman. If you are selling shoddy stuff you have to be a good salesman. But I warn you they have not changed, or if they have they are slightly worse than they were.“
Speech on 3 July 1948 at the Bellevue Hotel, on eve of the entry into force of the National Health Service.
„I have spent now more than a quarter of a century of my life in public affairs, and as I grow older I become more and more pessimistic. I started-if the House will forgive me this personal note - my career in public affairs in a small colliery town in South Wales. When I was quite a young boy my father took me down the street and showed me one or two portly and complacent looking gentlemen standing at the shop doors, and, pointing to one, he said, "Very important man. That's Councillor Jackson. He's a very important man in this town." I said, "What's the Council?" "Oh, that's the place that governs the affairs of this town," said my father. "Very important place indeed, and they are very powerful men." When I got older I said to myself, "The place to get to is the council. That's where the power is." So I worked very hard, and, in association with my fellows, when I was about 20 years of age, I got on to the council. I discovered when I got there that the power had been there, but it had just gone. So I made some inquiries, being an earnest student of social affairs, and I learned that the power had slipped down to the county council. That was as where it was, and where it had gone to. So I worked very hard again, and I got there-and it had gone from there too. Then I found out that it had come up here. So I followed it, and sure enough I found that it had been here, but I just saw its coat tails round the corner.“
Hansard, House of Commons 5th series, vol 395, columns 1616-1617.
Speech in the House of Commons, 15 December 1943.
Around 1948, Nye Bevan engineered a notorious "bribe" to win the support of hospital consultants. The father of the NHS made his famous declaration after he brokered a deal in which consultants were paid handsomely for their NHS work while allowing them to maintain private practices.
Zdroj: Quote and story in the * Guardian http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2004/jul/03/NHS.politics2, 2 July 2004.
„I know that the right kind of leader for the Labour Party is a kind of desiccated calculating-machine who must not in any way permit himself to be swayed by indignation. If he sees suffering, privation or injustice, he must not allow it to move him, for that would be evidence of the lack of proper education or of absence of self-control. He must speak in calm and objective accents and talk about a dying child in the same way as he would about the pieces inside an internal combustion engine.“
Tribune Rally, 29 September 1954, in response to Clement Attlee's wish for a non-emotional response to German rearmament. The remark 'desiccated calculating-machine' is often taken as a Bevan jibe against Hugh Gaitskell who became Labour Party leader the following year.
„The great Powers of the world today as they look at the armaments they have built up, find themselves hopelessly frustrated. If that be the case, what is the use of speaking about first-class, second-class and third-class Powers? That is surely the wrong language to use. It does not comply with contemporary reality. What we have to seek is new ways of being great, new modes of pioneering, new fashions of thought, new means of inspiring and igniting the minds of mankind. We can do so.“
Hansard, House of Commons, 5th series, vol. 562, cols. 1404-5.
Speech in the House of Commons, 19 December 1956.
„I knew this morning that I was going to make a speech that would offend, and even hurt, many of my friends. I know that you are deeply convinced that the action you suggest is the most effective way of influencing international affairs. I am deeply convinced that you are wrong. It is therefore not a question of who is in favour of the hydrogen bomb, but a question of what is the most effective way of getting the damn thing destroyed. It is the most difficult of all problems facing mankind. But if you carry this resolution and follow out all its implications — and do not run away from it — you will send a British Foreign Secretary, whoever he may be, naked into the conference chamber. … And you call that statesmanship? I call it an emotional spasm.“
Speech at the Labour Party Conference (4 October 1957), on unilateral nuclear disarmament.
In the Observer, 6 December 1953.
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Resignation speech http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1951/apr/23/mr-aneurin-bevan-statement in the House of Commons (23 April 1951)
„You have got to purge the army at the top. It will have to be a drastic purge, because the spirit of the British Army has to be regained. We have in this country five or six generals, members of other nations, Czechs, Poles, and French, all of them trained in the use of German weapons and German technique…I know it is hurtful to our pride, but would it not be possible to put some of these men temporarily in charge of our men in the field?“
Hansard, House of Commons 5th series, vol. 381, col. 540.
Speech in the House of Commons, 2 July 1942.
„Apparently some fire-eaters to-day have been saying "Never again must we allow ourselves to get into the same condition of military unprepardness, so we are going to build up a vast war machine in this country in order to surround defeated Germany with a sea of peaceful tranquillity…" It looks as though the consequences of defeat will be more desirable than those of victory.“
Hansard, House of Commons 5th series, vol. 402, col. 1559.
Speech in the House of Commons on 2 August 1944.
Interview in The Times (29 March 1960), p. 7
On his position in the Labour Party (c. 1956), quoted in Michael Foot, Aneurin Bevan: A Biography, Volume 2 (1973), p. 503
„Not even the apparently enlightened principle of the ‘greatest good for the greatest number’ can excuse indifference to individual suffering. There is no test for progress other than its impact on the individual.“
In Place of Fear (William Heinemann Ltd, 1952), pp. 167-8
„Economics, said Mr Stanley, is 50% psychology … What we need, apparently, is not statesman but hypnotists, not scientists, but witchdoctors, not confidence born of scientific prediction of the future, but confidence created by a political Confidence Trick. There is nothing surprising in this. It is the kind of mystic Mumbo-Jumbo to which capitalism is driven when austere reason pronounces sentence of death upon it. It is the primitive recoil from reality and the burdens of reality which lies at the root of Fascist psychology.“
Tribune, 5 November 1937
„Sir Anthony Eden has been pretending that he is now invading Egypt in order to strengthen the United Nations. Every burglar of course could say the same thing, he could argue that he was entering the house in order to train the police. So, if Sir Anthony Eden is sincere in what he is saying, and he may be, he may be, then if he is sincere in what he is saying then he is too stupid to be a prime minister.“
Speech on November 4th at "Law not War" rally in Trafalgar Square, London, during the Suez crisis of 1956.
Frequently attributed to Bevan as his own words, and sometimes sourced to remarks to NHS patients in 1948 ( example http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/9106880/Read-this-and-prepare-to-fight-for-your-NHS.html), but believed to have been misattributed. The statement was not written down until the television play about Bevan, 'Food for Ravens' by Trevor Griffiths. Griffiths himself attributes it to Bevan: "I have no written source for it, but old Bevanites in the coalfields were saying something like it during the strikes of the 80s and often quoting Nye as the source." ( The truth of Nye Bevan’s words on the NHS https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/jun/02/the-truth-of-nye-bevans-words-on-the-nhs) In the script, a dying Bevan is asked by a young boy if he will be remembered for creating the NHS:
Bevan: Maybe, if it lasts.
Boy: (looking at press cuttings) Says here it will last forever.
Bevan: No such thing as forever, boy. It will last only as long as there's folk with faith left to fight for it.
Food for Ravens https://www.closeupfilmcentre.com/vertigo_magazine/volume-1-issue-8-summer-1998/food-for-ravens/ by Marc Karlin.
Speaking about Winston Churchill