Kenneth Harry Clarke is a British Conservative Party politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1993 to 1997 and Home Secretary from 1992 to 1993. Clarke was the Member of Parliament for Rushcliffe in Nottinghamshire from 1970 to 2019. Between 2017 and 2019 he was the Father of the House of Commons. While he still remains a member of the Conservative Party, the Conservative whip was withdrawn from him on 4 September 2019 because he and 20 other MPs voted with the Opposition on a motion; for the remainder of his time in Parliament he sat as an independent.Clarke, described by the press as a 'Big Beast' of British politics, has served in the Cabinet as Chancellor of the Exchequer, Home Secretary, Lord Chancellor and Justice Secretary, Education Secretary, Health Secretary and minister without portfolio. He has been the President of the Tory Reform Group since 1997. Clarke identifies with economically and socially liberal views.Clarke contested the Conservative Party leadership three times—in 1997, 2001 and 2005—being defeated each time. Opinion polls indicated he was more popular with the general public than with his party, whose generally Eurosceptic stance did not chime with his pro-European views. He is President of the Conservative Europe Group, Co-President of the pro-EU body British Influence and Vice-President of the European Movement UK.Clarke was one of only five ministers to serve throughout the whole 18 years of the Governments of Margaret Thatcher and John Major, which represents the longest uninterrupted Ministerial service in Britain since Lord Palmerston in the early 19th century. He returned to government in 2010 and his total time as a minister is the fifth-longest in the modern era after Winston Churchill, Arthur Balfour, Rab Butler, and Spencer Cavendish. He has spent over 20 years serving under Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher, John Major and David Cameron.