Varlam Šalamov citáty

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Varlam Šalamov

Datum narození: 18. červen 1907
Datum úmrtí: 17. leden 1982

Varlam Tichonovič Šalamov , byl ruský spisovatel.

V letech 1924 – 1926 pracoval jako koželuh, poté začal studovat práva. Poprvé byl zatčen roku 1929 za účast na protistalinské demonstraci, za tento čin byl odsouzen na tři roky. Celkem v lágrech na Kolymě strávil 17 let, v roce 1956 byl rehabilitován jako oběť kultu osobnosti.


„Člověk žije, protože umí zapomínat.“ Kolymské povídky - Suchý příděl

„Tragedy is not deep and sharp if it can be shared with friend.“ Kolyma Tales


„Life repeats Shakespearian themes more often than we think. Did Lady Macbeth, Richard III, and King Claudius exist only in the Middle Ages? Shylock wanted to cut a pound of flesh from the body of the merchant of Venice. Is that a fairy tale?“ Kolyma Tales

„We realized that life, even the worst of life, consists of an alternation of joys and sorrow, successes and failure more than the successes.“ Kolyma Tales

„There is a much that a man should not see, should not know, and if he should see it, it is better for him to die.“ Kolymskie Rasskazy

„Cold, hunger, and sleeplessness rendered any friendship impossible, and Dugaev – despite his youth – understood the falseness of the belief that friendship could be tempered by misery and tragedy. For friendship to be friendship, its foundation had to be laid before living conditions reached that last border beyond which no human emotion was left to a man – only mistrust, rage, and lies. Dugaev remembered well the northern proverb that listed the three commandments of prison life: ‘Don’t believe, don’t fear, don’t ask.“ Kolyma Tales

„A human being survives by his ability to forget. Memory is always ready to blot out the bad and retain only the good.“

„I remember the old northern legend of how God created the taiga while he was still a child. There were few colors, but they were childishly fresh and vivid, and their subjects were simple. Later, when God grew up and became an adult, he learned to cut out complicated patters from his pages and created many bright birds. God grew bored with his former child's world and he threw snow on his forest creation and went south forever.“ Kolyma Tales


„We realized that life, even the worst life, consists of an alternation of joys and sorrows, successes and failures, and there was no need to fear the failures more than the successes.“ Kolyma Tales

„If bones could freeze, then the brain could also be dulled and the soul could freeze over. And the soul shuddered and froze- perhaps to remain frozen forever.“ Kolyma Tales

„We learned one other amazing thing: in the eyes of the state and its representatives a physically strong person was better – yes, better – more moral, more valuable than a weak person who couldn’t shovel twenty cubic meters of dirt out of a trench in a day. The former was more moral than the latter. He fulfilled his ‘quota’, that is, carried out his chief duty to the state and society and was therefore respected by all. His advice was asked and his desires were taken into consideration, he was invited to meetings whose topics were far removed from shovelling heavy slippery dirt from wet and slimy ditches.“ Kolyma Tales

„Friendship is not born in conditions of need or trouble. Literary fairy tales tell of ‘difficult’ conditions which are an essential element in forming any friendship, but such conditions are simply not difficult enough. If tragedy and need brought people together and gave birth to their friendship, then the need was not extreme and the tragedy not great. Tragedy is not deep and sharp if it can be shared with friends. Only real need can determine one’s spiritual and physical strength and set the limits of one’s physical endurance and moral courage.“ Kolyma Tales


„Trees in the north die lying down – like people.“ Kolyma Tales

„Friendship is not born in conditions of need or trouble. Literary fairy tales tell of ‘difficult’ conditions which are an essential element in forming any friendship, but such conditions are simply not difficult enough. If tragedy and need brought people together and gave birth to their friendship, then the need was not extreme and the tragedy not great. Tragedy is not deep and sharp if it can be shared with friends.“ Kolyma Tales

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