„Pessimism of the intellect, optimism of the will.“

Antonio Gramsci foto
Antonio Gramsci3
italský politik, publicista a marxistický filosof 1891 - 1937
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„Optimism is an alienated form of faith, pessimism an alienated form of despair.“

—  Erich Fromm German social psychologist and psychoanalyst 1900 - 1980
Context: Optimism is an alienated form of faith, pessimism an alienated form of despair. If one truly responds to man and his future, ie, concernedly and "responsibly." one can respond only by faith or by despair. Rational faith as well as rational despair are based on the most thorough, critical knowledge of all the factors that are relevant for the survival of man. p. 483

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„The soul refuses limits, and always affirms an Optimism, never a Pessimism.“

—  Ralph Waldo Emerson American philosopher, essayist, and poet 1803 - 1882
Context: We feel defrauded of the retribution due to evil acts, because the criminal adheres to his vice and contumacy, and does not come to a crisis or judgment anywhere in visible nature. There is no stunning confutation of his nonsense before men and angels. Has he therefore outwitted the law? Inasmuch as he carries the malignity and the lie with him, he so far deceases from nature. In some manner there will be a demonstration of the wrong to the understanding also; but should we not see it, this deadly deduction makes square the eternal account. Neither can it be said, on the other hand, that the gain of rectitude must be bought by any loss. There is no penalty to virtue; no penalty to wisdom; they are proper additions of being. In a virtuous action, I properly am; in a virtuous act, I add to the world; I plant into deserts conquered from Chaos and Nothing, and see the darkness receding on the limits of the horizon. There can be no excess to love; none to knowledge; none to beauty, when these attributes are considered in the purest sense. The soul refuses limits, and always affirms an Optimism, never a Pessimism. His life is a progress, and not a station. His instinct is trust. Our instinct uses "more" and "less" in application to man, of the presence of the soul, and not of its absence; the brave man is greater than the coward; the true, the benevolent, the wise, is more a man, and not less, than the fool and knave. There is no tax on the good of virtue; for that is the incoming of God himself, or absolute existence, without any comparative. Material good has its tax, and if it came without desert or sweat, has no root in me, and the next wind will blow it away. But all the good of nature is the soul's, and may be had, if paid for in nature's lawful coin, that is, by labor which the heart and the head allow. I no longer wish to meet a good I do not earn, for example, to find a pot of buried gold, knowing that it brings with it new burdens. I do not wish more external goods, — neither possessions, nor honors, nor powers, nor persons. The gain is apparent; the tax is certain. But there is no tax on the knowledge that the compensation exists, and that it is not desirable to dig up treasure. Herein I rejoice with a serene eternal peace. I contract the boundaries of possible mischief. I learn the wisdom of St. Bernard, — "Nothing can work me damage except myself; the harm that I sustain I carry about with me, and never am a real sufferer but by my own fault."

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„To think in terms of either pessimism or optimism oversimplifies the truth. The problem is to see reality as it is.“

—  Thich Nhat Hanh, The Miracle of Mindfulness: An Introduction to the Practice of Meditation
Context: To think in terms of either pessimism or optimism oversimplifies the truth. The problem is to see reality as it is. A pessimistic attitude can never create the calm and serene smile which blossoms on the lips of Bodhisattvas and all those who obtain the way. The Miracle of Mindfulness (1999)

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„It would be possible to optimize some forms of goto, but I haven't bothered.“

—  Larry Wall American computer programmer and author, creator of Perl 1954

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„Innocence and optimism have one basic failing: they have no fundamental depth.“

—  Charles A. Reich American lawyer 1928
Chapter II : Consciousness I: Loss Of Reality, p. 36

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„But supposing one tries to live by Pantheistic philosophy? Does it lead to a complacent Hegelian optimism?“

—  Clive Staples Lewis Christian apologist, novelist, and Medievalist 1898 - 1963
Pilgrim’s Regress 132–133

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