„The conventional Big Bang theory does not say anything about what caused the expansion. It really is only a theory about the aftermath of a bang. In the scientific version of the Big Bang, the universe starts with everything already expanding, with no explanation of how that expansion started… So the Scientific version of the Big Bang theory is not really a theory of a bang, it's really a theory of the aftermath of a bang.“
— Alan Guth American theoretical physicist and cosmologist 1947
The Early Universe (2012), Lecture 1: Inflationary Cosmology: Is Our Universe Part of a Multiverse? Part I.