„What it takes to produce a gravitational repulsion is a negative pressure. According to general relativity, it turns out… both pressures and energy densities can produce gravitational fields, unlike Newtonian physics, where it's only mass densities that produce gravitational fields.“

—  Alan Guth, The Early Universe (2012), Lecture 1: Inflationary Cosmology: Is Our Universe Part of a Multiverse? Part I.
Alan Guth foto
Alan Guth1
americký teoretický fyzik a kosmolog 1947

Podobné citáty

Alan Guth foto
Alan Guth foto
Gerald James Whitrow foto
Willem de Sitter foto
Jayant Narlikar foto
Lee Smolin foto
Albert Einstein foto

„We shall therefore assume the complete physical equivalence of a gravitational field and a corresponding acceleration of the reference system.“

—  Albert Einstein German-born physicist and founder of the theory of relativity 1879 - 1955
1900s, Statement of the equivalence principle in Yearbook of Radioactivity and Electronics (1907)

William Crookes foto

„It is curious that the popular conceptions of evil and malignant beings are of the type that would be produced by increased gravitation“

—  William Crookes British chemist and physicist 1832 - 1919
Address to the Society for Psychical Research (1897), toads, reptiles, and noisome creeping things — while the arch fiend himself is represented as perhaps the ultimate form which could be assumed by a thinking brain and its necessary machinery were the power of gravitation to be increased to the highest point compatible with existence — a serpent crawling along the ground. On the other hand, our highest types of beauty are those which would be common under decreased gravitation. The "daughter of the gods, divinely tall," and the leaping athlete, please us by the slight triumph over the earthward pull which their stature or spring implies.

Albert Einstein foto
Otto Lilienthal foto

„All flight is based upon producing air pressure, all flight energy consists in overcoming air pressure.“

—  Otto Lilienthal German aviation pioneer 1848 - 1896
Der Vogelflug als Grundlage der Fliegekunst (1889); English edition: Birdflight As The Basis of Aviation (1911).

Richard Feynman foto

„We can deduce, often, from one part of physics like the law of gravitation, a principle which turns out to be much more valid than the derivation.“

—  Richard Feynman, kniha The Character of Physical Law
The Character of Physical Law (1965), Context: Now we have a problem. We can deduce, often, from one part of physics like the law of gravitation, a principle which turns out to be much more valid than the derivation. This doesn't happen in mathematics, that the theorems come out in places where they're not supposed to be! chapter 2, “ The Relation of Mathematics to Physics http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M9ZYEb0Vf8U” referring to the law of conservation of angular momentum

Marshall McLuhan foto

„To say that a body or its gravitational field 'bends in space' in its vicinity is the discuss visual space in acoustic terms.“

—  Marshall McLuhan Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar-- a professor of English literature, a literary critic, and a communicatio… 1911 - 1980
1980s, p. 40

Willem de Sitter foto
Kenneth N. Waltz foto

„External pressure seems to produce internal unity.“

—  Kenneth N. Waltz, kniha Man, the State, and War
Man, the State, and War (1959), Chapter V, Some Implications Of The Second Image, p. 149

Willem de Sitter foto

„Both the law of inertia and the law of gravitation contain a numerical factor or a constant belonging to matter, which is called mass.“

—  Willem de Sitter Dutch cosmologist 1872 - 1934
"The Astronomical Aspect of the Theory of Relativity" (1933), We have thus two definitions of mass; one by the law of inertia: mass is the ratio between force and acceleration. We may call the mass thus defined the inertial or passive mass, as it is a measure of the resistance offered by matter to a force acting on it. The second is defined by the law of gravitation, and might be called the gravitational or active mass, being a measure of the force exerted by one material body on another. The fact that these two constants or coefficients are the same is, in Newton's system, to be considered as a most remarkable accidental coincidence and was decidedly felt as such by Newton himself. He made experiments to determine the equality of the two masses by swinging a pendulum, of which the bob was hollow and could be filled up with different materials. The force acting on the pendulum is proportional to its active mass, its inertia is proportional to its passive mass, so that the period will depend on the ratio of the passive and the active mass. Consequently the fact that the period of all these different pendulums was the same, proves that this ratio is a constant, and can be made equal to unity by a suitable choice of units, i.e., the inertial and the gravitational mass are the same. These experiments have been repeated in the nineteenth century by Bessel, and in our own times by Eötvös and Zeeman, and the identity of the inertial and the gravitational mass is one of the best ascertained empirical facts in physics-perhaps the best. It follows that the so-called fictitious forces introduced by a motion of the body of reference, such as a rotation, are indistinguishable from real forces. ...In Einstein's general theory of relativity there is also no formal theoretical difference, as there was in Newton's system. ...the equality of inertial and gravitational mass is no longer an accidental coincidence, but a necessity.

Willem de Sitter foto
Gerald James Whitrow foto

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

x