„They study the characteristics of law, and instead of perpetual growth corresponding to that of the human race, they find its distinctive trait to be immobility, a tendency to crystallize what should be modified and developed day by day.“

—  Petr Kropotkin, Law and Authority (1886), Context: Men who long for freedom begin the attempt to obtain it by entreating their masters to be kind enough to protect them by modifying the laws which these masters themselves have created! But times and tempers are changed. Rebels are everywhere to be found who no longer wish to obey the law without knowing whence it comes, what are its uses, and whither arises the obligation to submit to it, and the reverence with which it is encompassed. The rebels of our day are criticizing the very foundations of society which have hitherto been held sacred, and first and foremost amongst them that fetish, law. The critics analyze the sources of law, and find there either a god, product of the terrors of the savage, and stupid, paltry, and malicious as the priests who vouch for its supernatural origin, or else, bloodshed, conquest by fire and sword. They study the characteristics of law, and instead of perpetual growth corresponding to that of the human race, they find its distinctive trait to be immobility, a tendency to crystallize what should be modified and developed day by day. I
Petr Kropotkin foto
Petr Kropotkin6
ruský zoolog, evoluční teoretik, filozof, vědec, revoluční,… 1842 - 1921
Reklama

Podobné citáty

Thomas Robert Malthus foto
 Maimónides foto

„For how long is it a duty to study the Law? To the day of death.“

—  Maimónides, Mishneh Torah
Mishneh Torah (c. 1180), Treatise 3: “The Study of the Torah,” Chapter 1, Section 9, H. Russell, trans. (1983), p. 52

Reklama
Corneliu Zelea Codreanu foto
Mark Twain foto
Federico Fellini foto
J. Philippe Rushton foto
Peter Kropotkin foto

„Such was law; and it has maintained its two-fold character to this day.“

—  Peter Kropotkin Russian zoologist, evolutionary theorist, philosopher, scientist, revolutionary, economist, activist, geographer, writer 1842 - 1921
Law and Authority (1886), Context: Legislators confounded in one code the two currents of custom of which we have just been speaking, the maxims which represent principles of morality and social union wrought out as a result of life in common, and the mandates which are meant to ensure external existence to inequality. Customs, absolutely essential to the very being of society, are, in the code, cleverly intermingled with usages imposed by the ruling caste, and both claim equal respect from the crowd. "Do not kill," says the code, and hastens to add, "And pay tithes to the priest." "Do not steal," says the code, and immediately after, "He who refuses to pay taxes, shall have his hand struck off." Such was law; and it has maintained its two-fold character to this day. Its origin is the desire of the ruling class to give permanence to customs imposed by themselves for their own advantage. Its character is the skillful commingling of customs useful to society, customs which have no need of law to insure respect, with other customs useful only to rulers, injurious to the mass of the people, and maintained only by the fear of punishment. II

Northrop Frye foto

„In our day the conventional element in literature is elaborately disguised by a law of copyright pretending that every work of art is an invention distinctive enough to be patented.“

—  Northrop Frye Canadian literary critic and literary theorist 1912 - 1991
"Quotes", Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays (1957), Mythical Phase: Symbol as Archetype

Lal Bahadur Shastri foto
Mary Parker Follett foto

„We can never wholly separate the human from the mechanical side… But you all see every day that the study of human relations in business and the study of operating are bound up together.“

—  Mary Parker Follett American academic 1868 - 1933
Attributed from postum publications, Attributed to Follett in: Richard C. Wallace, ‎David E. Engel, ‎Dr. James E. Mooney (1997). The learning school: a guide to vision-based leadership. p. ix

Alexander Alekhine foto

„I study chess eight hours a day, on principle.“

—  Alexander Alekhine Russian / French chess player, chess writer, and chess theoretician 1892 - 1946
Attributed in: David Hooper, ‎Kenneth Whyld (1996) The Oxford companion to chess. p. 8.

Peter Kropotkin foto

„All human societies have passed through this primitive phase, and to this day a large proportion of mankind have no written law.“

—  Peter Kropotkin Russian zoologist, evolutionary theorist, philosopher, scientist, revolutionary, economist, activist, geographer, writer 1842 - 1921
Law and Authority (1886), Context: Relatively speaking, law is a product of modern times. For ages and ages mankind lived without any written law, even that graved in symbols upon the entrance stones of a temple. During that period, human relations were simply regulated by customs, habits, and usages, made sacred by constant repetition, and acquired by each person in childhood, exactly as he learned how to obtain his food by hunting, cattle-rearing, or agriculture. All human societies have passed through this primitive phase, and to this day a large proportion of mankind have no written law. Every tribe has its own manners and customs; customary law, as the jurists say. It has social habits, and that suffices to maintain cordial relations between the inhabitants of the village, the members of the tribe or community. Even amongst ourselves — the "civilized" nations — when we leave large towns, and go into the country, we see that there the mutual relations of the inhabitants are still regulated according to ancient and generally accepted customs, and not according to the written law of the legislators. II

Arthur Jensen foto

„Only by a study of the development of mathematics can its contemporary significance be understood.“

—  George Frederick James Temple British mathematician 1901 - 1992
100 Years of Mathematics: a Personal Viewpoint (1981), Context: The professional mathematician can scarcely avoid specialization and needs to transcend his private interests and take a wide synoptic view of the whole landscape of contemporary mathematics. His scientific colleagues are continually seeking enlightenment on the relevance of mathematical abstractions. The undergraduate needs a guidebook to the topography of the immense and expanding world of mathematics. There seems to be only one way to satisfy these varied interests... a concise historical account of the main currents... Only by a study of the development of mathematics can its contemporary significance be understood.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“