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Daniel Kahneman

Datum narození: 5. březen 1934
Další jména: Даніэль Канеман, دنیل کانمن

Daniel Kahneman je uznávaný izraelsko-americký psycholog, který působí na katedře psychologie Princetonské univerzity. Je nositelem Nobelovy ceny za ekonomii z roku 2002 za přínos v oblasti integrování poznatků z psychologického výzkumu do ekonomických věd, a to zejména poznatků o lidském úsudku a rozhodování za nejistoty. V prvních letech se však věnoval výhradně tématům, která nemají s ekonomií nic společného. Šlo převážně o výzkum v oblasti psychofyziologie. Spolu s Amosem Tverskym poukázal na to, že model racionálního rozhodování formulovaného Morgesternem je potřebné považovat za normativní. Jako alternativu k němu nastolili deskriptivní teorii známou pod názvem prospektová teorie , která je založená na několika charakteristikách pozorovaných v praxi, které popírají racionalitu v rozhodování.

V roce 2015 byl uveden časopisem The Economist jako sedmý nejvlivnější ekonom na světě. Wikipedia

„A reliable way to make people believe in falsehoods is frequent repetition, because familiarity is not easily distinguished from truth.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, kniha Thinking, Fast and Slow

Zdroj: Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011), Chapter 5, "Cognitive ease", page 62 (ISBN 9780141033570).

„Our comforting conviction that the world makes sense rests on a secure foundation: our almost unlimited ability to ignore our ignorance.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, kniha Thinking, Fast and Slow

Zdroj: Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011), Chapter 19, "The illusion of understanding", page 201 (ISBN 9780141033570).

„Nothing in life is as important as you think it is when you are thinking about it.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, kniha Thinking, Fast and Slow

Varianta: Nothing in life is as important as you think it is when you are thinking about it.
Zdroj: Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011), Chapter 38, "Thinking about life", page 402 (ISBN 9780141033570).

„People who make a difference do not die alone. Something dies in everyone who was affected by them.“

—  Daniel Kahneman

About the death of his long-time collaborator Amos Tversky on 5 June 1996. Nobel Prize Autobiographical Information http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economic-sciences/laureates/2002/kahneman-bio.html (2002).
Kontext: People who make a difference do not die alone. Something dies in everyone who was affected by them. Amos made a great deal of difference, and when he died, life was dimmed and diminished for many of us. There is less intelligence in the world. There is less wit. There are many questions that will never be answered with the same inimitable combination of depth and clarity. There are standards that will not be defended with the same mix of principle and good sense. Life has become poorer. There is a large Amos-shaped gap in the mosaic, and it will not be filled. It cannot be filled because Amos shaped his own place in the world, he shaped his life, and even his dying. And in shaping his life and his world, he changed the world and the life of many around him.

„Intelligence is not only the ability to reason; it is also the ability to find relevant material in memory and to deploy attention when needed.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, kniha Thinking, Fast and Slow

Zdroj: Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011), Chapter 3, "The lazy controller", page 46 (ISBN 9780141033570).

„Money does not buy you happiness, but lack of money certainly buys you misery.“

—  Daniel Kahneman

Zdroj: Well-Being: Foundations of Hedonic Psychology: Foundations of Hedonic Psychology

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„I am my remembering self, and the experiencing self, who does my living, is like a stranger to me.“

—  Daniel Kahneman, kniha Thinking, Fast and Slow

"Bias, Blindness and How We Truly Think" (2011)
Zdroj: Thinking, Fast and Slow
Kontext: An experiment about your next vacation will allow you to observe your attitude to your experiencing self: At the end of the vacation, all pictures and videos will be destroyed. Furthermore, you will swallow a potion that will wipe out all your memories of the vacation. How would this affect your vacation plans? How much would you be willing to pay for it, relative to a normally memorable vacation? My impression is that the elimination of memories greatly reduces the value of the experience.Imagine a painful operation during which you will scream in pain and beg the surgeon to stop. However, you are promised an amnesia-inducing drug that will wipe out any memory of the episode. Here again, my observation is that most people are remarkably indifferent to the pains of their experiencing self. Some say they don’t care at all. Others share my feeling, which is that I feel pity for my suffering self but not more than I would feel for a stranger in pain.I am my remembering self, and the experiencing self, who does my living, is like a stranger to me.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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