John Muir citáty

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John Muir

Datum narození: 21. duben 1838
Datum úmrtí: 24. prosinec 1914

John Muir byl ve Skotsku narozený americký přírodovědec, spisovatel a zastánce ochrany divočiny ve Spojených státech. Jeho knihy, eseje a sbírky dopisů, ve kterých popisoval své zážitky z přírody, především z pohoří Sierra Nevada v Kalifornii, získaly ohromnou popularitu mezi americkými čtenáři všech generací. Jeho aktivismus pomohl zachránit Yosemitské údolí, národní park Sequoia a další oblasti divočiny.

Pomáhal založit Sierra Club, který patří mezi uznávané organizace věnující se ochraně krajiny ve Spojených státech. Na jeho počest je po něm pojmenována 211 mil dlouhá turistická trasa John Muir Trail a mimo ni nese jeho jméno i řada významných přírodních lokalit a vzdělávacích institucí: Muir Woods National Monument, Muirova pláž, Muirův ledovec či Muirova Universita v San Diegu. Během svého života bojoval za záchranu lesů na západním pobřeží USA. Sepisoval petice pro americký Kongres za přijetí zákona o národních parcích, který byl schválen v roce 1899, a za založení Yosemitského a Sequiského národního parku.

„In every walk with nature one receives far more than he seeks.“

—  John Muir

"Mormon Lilies", San Francisco Daily Evening Bulletin (part 4 of the 4 part series "Notes from Utah") dated July 1877, published 19 July 1877; reprinted in Steep Trails (1918), chapter 9
1870s

„And into the forest I go, to lose my mind and find my soul.“

—  John Muir

Once again, this is far from Muir's style of writing. The quote does not come up in any search of John Muir's Journals or his published texts on the John Muir Exhibit website. It is most commonly put on t-shirts - never in any scholarly source.
Misattributed

„Everybody needs beauty as well as bread, places to play in and pray in, where Nature may heal and cheer and give strength to body and soul alike.“

—  John Muir

The Yosemite http://www.sierraclub.org/john_muir_exhibit/writings/the_yosemite/ (1912), chapter 15: Hetch Hetchy Valley
1910s
Varianta: Everybody needs beauty... places to play in and pray in where nature may heal and cheer and give strength to the body and soul alike.

„God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand tempests and floods. Even so, God cannot save them from fools.“

—  John Muir

Varianta: God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand tempests and floods. But he cannot save them from fool
Zdroj: 1900s, Our National Parks (1901), chapter 10: The American Forests <!-- Terry Gifford, EWDB, pages 604-605 -->
Kontext: Any fool can destroy trees. They cannot run away; and if they could, they would still be destroyed — chased and hunted down as long as fun or a dollar could be got out of their bark hides, branching horns, or magnificent bole backbones. Few that fell trees plant them; nor would planting avail much towards getting back anything like the noble primeval forests. … It took more than three thousand years to make some of the trees in these Western woods — trees that are still standing in perfect strength and beauty, waving and singing in the mighty forests of the Sierra. Through all the wonderful, eventful centuries … God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand straining, leveling tempests and floods; but he cannot save them from fools — only Uncle Sam can do that.

„I never saw a discontented tree. They grip the ground as though they liked it, and though fast rooted they travel about as far as we do. They go wandering forth in all directions with every wind, going and coming like ourselves, traveling with us around the sun two million miles a day, and through space heaven knows how fast and far!“

—  John Muir

July 1890, page 313
(From Ralph Waldo Emerson, Essays, Second Series (1844) "Essay VI: Nature": "the trees are imperfect men, and seem to bemoan their imprisonment, rooted in the ground.")
John of the Mountains, 1938
Kontext: It has been said that trees are imperfect men, and seem to bemoan their imprisonment rooted in the ground. But they never seem so to me. I never saw a discontented tree. They grip the ground as though they liked it, and though fast rooted they travel about as far as we do. They go wandering forth in all directions with every wind, going and coming like ourselves, traveling with us around the sun two million miles a day, and through space heaven knows how fast and far!

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„Going to the mountains is going home.“

—  John Muir

"In the Sierra Forests", San Francisco Daily Evening Bulletin (part 3 of the 11 part series "Summering in the Sierra") dated July 1875, published 3 August 1875; reprinted in John Muir: Summering in the Sierra, edited by Robert Engberg (University of Wisconsin Press, 1984) page 79
1870s
Varianta: Going to the woods is going home.

„Between every two pine trees there is a door leading to a new way of life.“

—  John Muir

Muir's marginal note in volume I of Prose Works by Ralph Waldo Emerson (This volume is located at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library of Yale University. See Albert Saijo, "Me, Muir, and Sierra Nevada", in Reinhabiting a Separate Country: A Bioregional Anthology of Northern California, edited by Peter Berg, San Francisco, California: Planet Drum Foundation, 1978, pages 52-59, at page 55, and Frederick W. Turner, Rediscovering America: John Muir in His Time and Ours (1985), page 193.)
1870s

„The world's big and I want to have a good look at it before it gets dark.“

—  John Muir

attributed to Muir by Linnie Marsh Wolfe, Son of the Wilderness: The Life of John Muir (1945), page 331
1910s

„When one tugs at a single thing in nature, he finds it attached to the rest of the world.“

—  John Muir

These are paraphrases of Muir's quote from My First Summer in the Sierra (1911) - the actual quote is listed above: "When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." See Sierra Club explanation http://www.sierraclub.org/john_muir_exhibit/writings/misquotes.aspx.
Misattributed
Varianta: Tug on anything at all and you'll find it connected to everything else in the universe.
Varianta: When we tug at a single thing in nature, we find it attached to the rest of the world.

„The mountains are calling and I must go.“

—  John Muir

letter to sister Sarah Muir Galloway (3 September 1873); published in William Federic Badè, The Life and Letters of John Muir http://www.sierraclub.org/john_muir_exhibit/life/life_and_letters/default.aspx (1924), chapter 10: Yosemite and Beyond
1870s

„The world, we are told, was made especially for man — a presumption not supported by all the facts.“

—  John Muir, kniha A Thousand-Mile Walk to the Gulf

Zdroj: A Thousand-Mile Walk To the Gulf, 1916, chapter 6: Cedar Keys, page 160
Zdroj: A Thousand-Mile Walk to the Gulf

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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