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Thomas Hylland Eriksen

Datum narození: 6. únor 1962

Thomas Hylland Eriksen je norský antropolog.


„Nebude to dlouho trvat, společnost nadbytku bude překonána a my na ni budeme vzpomínat jako na velmi pohodlnou, nicméně slepou uličku vývoje. “

„The single most important human insight to be gained from this way of comparing societies is perhaps the realization that everything could have been different in our own society – that the way we live is only one among innumerable ways of life which humans have adopted. If we glance sideways and backwards, we will quickly discover that modern society, with its many possibilities and seducing offers, its dizzying complexity and its impressive technological advances, is a way of life which has not been tried out for long. Perhaps, psychologically speaking, we have just left the cave: in terms of the history of our species, we have but spent a moment in modern societies. (..) Anthropology may not provide the answer to the question of the meaning of life, but at least it can tell us that there are many ways in which to make a life meaningful.“ Small Places, Large Issues: An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology


„The term ‘race’ has deliberately been placed within inverted commas in order to stress that it is not a scientific term. Whereas it was for some time fashionable to divide humanity into four main races, and racial labels are still used to classify people in some countries (such as the USA), modern genetics tends not to speak of races. There are two principal reasons for this. First, there has always been so much interbreeding between human populations that it would be meaningless to talk of fixed boundaries between races. Second, the distribution of hereditary physical traits does not follow clear boundaries (Cavalli-Sforza et al., 1994). In other“ Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives

„The North American situation, while different from the Brazilian one, reflects a similar complexity and ambiguity in the relationship between race and ethnicity. Whereas Brazilians have a great number of terms used to designate people of varying pigmentation, the ‘one-drop principle’ prevalent in the USA entails that people are either black or white, and that ‘a single drop of black blood’ (sic) contaminates an otherwise pale person and makes him or her black. Conversely, ethnic identity in the USA is, as mentioned above, not necessarily correlated with ‘race’. At the same time, African- American identities are associated“ Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives

„A final point is the fact that discrimination based on presumed inborn and immutable characteristics (race) tends to be stronger and more inflexible than ethnic discrimination which is not based on ‘racial’ differences. Members of a presumed race cannot change their assumed inherited traits, while ethnic groups can change their culture and, ultimately“ Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives

„Tragédie lidstva spočívá v tom, že lidé byli vybaveni přirozenou potřebou, kterou nelze uspokojit, aniž bychom sami sebe nepodváděli: potřebou nezávisle existujícího smyslu bytí. Stejně jako ostatní zvířata má člověk celou řadu potřeb – jídlo a pití, spánek, bezpečí a sex, možná jedna či dvě další věci – ovšem kromě toho máme trýznivou potřebu smyslu. Tuto potřebu lze naplnit pouze pomocí sebeklamu, který na sebe obvykle bere formu náboženství. Pokud sebeklam prohlédneme, zjistíme, že jsme chyceni v bezvýchodném dilematu: Život nemá smysl, ale my jsme předurčeni k tomu neustále smysl života hledat, i když neexistuje.“ Storeulvsyndromet

„The North American situation, while different from the Brazilian one, reflects a similar complexity and ambiguity in the relationship between race and ethnicity. Whereas Brazilians have a great number of terms used to designate people of varying pigmentation, the ‘one-drop principle’ prevalent in the USA entails that people are either black or white, and that ‘a single drop of black blood’ (sic) contaminates an otherwise pale person and makes him or her black. Conversely, ethnic identity in the USA“ Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives

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