Tim Berners-Lee citáty

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Tim Berners-Lee

Datum narození: 8. červen 1955

Timothy „Tim“ John Berners-Lee je tvůrce World Wide Webu a ředitel konsorcia W3C, které dohlíží na pokračující vývoj webu.

Narodil se v Londýně ve Spojeném království Conwayovi Berners-Lee a Mary Lee Woods. Jeho rodiče, oba matematici, byli společně zaměstnáni v týmu, který postavil jeden z prvních počítačů, Manchester Mark I. Rodiče ho učili matematiku, kde mohli, dokonce i u večeře. Absolvoval Queen's College a Oxfordskou univerzitu.

V roce 1976 pracoval v Plessey Telecommunications Limited jako programátor; tam se seznámil se svojí první ženou Jane. V roce 1978 pracoval v D.G. Nash Limited, kde napsal software pro sazbu textu a operační systém.

V roce 1980 působil 6 měsíců v Evropské organizaci pro jaderný výzkum v Ženevě, kde napsal program jménem ENQUIRE, který mu měl pomáhat při dokumentaci nejdůležitějších okamžiků jeho života a spojovat je s asociacemi k nejrůznějším komplexům úloh. Vzhledem k zásobě dokumentů, které byly k dispozici pouze v jednom exempláři a na jednom místě, jej napadlo vytvořit multimediální informační systém s dálkovou sítí, aby k těmto zdrojům existoval přístup z různých míst. Berners-Lee se nejprve ve svém plánu na World Wide Web zaměřil na vytvoření nástroje, jehož pomocí by šlo vyměňovat pohodlně data a myšlenky fyziků věnujících se výzkumu vysokoenergetických jevů, kteří byli roztroušení po celém světě.V roce 1989 Tim Berners-Lee společně s Robertem Cailliauem vytvořil první návrh projektu vytvoření distribuovaného hypertextového systému a tím byl zahájen projekt WWW. Krátce nato napsal první webový prohlížeč WorldWideWeb , který byl určen speciálně pro počítač NeXT v CERNu.

V roce 2007 dostal od královny Alžběty II. Řád za zásluhy . V roce 2016 mu byla za zásluhy o rozvoj webových technologii udělena Turingova cena.

Citáty Tim Berners-Lee

„Zrušil bych to dvojité lomítko za dvojtečkou. Ve skutečnosti tam k ničemu není. Ale tehdy mi to přišlo jako dobrý nápad.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

na otázku co by udělal jinak, kdyby web navrhoval dnes
Originál: (en) I would have got rid of the slash slash after the colon. You don't really need it. It just seemed like a good idea at the time.
Zdroj: Tim Berners-Lee: we need to re-decentralise the web http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2014-02/06/tim-berners-lee-reclaim-the-web

„Despite the buy don't build credo I came to the conclusion that I was going to have to create the web on my own.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

Weaving the Web (1999)
Kontext: At CERN there was a credo meant to avoid unnecessary labors, it said that when acquiring new technology: Buy, Don't Build. There were several commercial hypertext editors and I thought we could just add some internet code, so that the hypertext documents could then be sent over the internet. I thought the companies engaged in the then fringe field of hypertext would immediately grasp the possibilities of the web. Unfortunately, their reaction was quite the opposite... it seemed that explaining the vision of the web was exceedingly difficult without a web browser in hand, people had to be able to grasp the web in full, which meant imagining a whole world populated with websites and browsers. It was a lot to ask. Despite the buy don't build credo I came to the conclusion that I was going to have to create the web on my own.

„I think, in general, it's clear that most bad things come from misunderstanding, and communication is generally the way to resolve misunderstandings — and the Web's a form of communications — so it generally should be good.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

developerWorks Interviews: Tim Berners-Lee (podcast/audio plus transcript) http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/podcast/dwi/cm-int082206txt.html
Kontext: The fact that we're all connected, the fact that we've got this information space — does change the parameters. It changes the way people live and work. It changes things for good and for bad. But I think, in general, it's clear that most bad things come from misunderstanding, and communication is generally the way to resolve misunderstandings — and the Web's a form of communications — so it generally should be good. But I think, also, we have to watch whether we preserve the stability of the world — like we don't want to watch this phenomena like the stock market becoming unstable when it became computerized, for example.
We need to look at the whole society and think, "Are we actually thinking about what we're doing as we go forward, and are we preserving the really important values that we have in society? Are we keeping it democratic, and open, and so on?"

„You're joining a group of people who can do incredible things. They can make the computer do anything they can imagine.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

From An Insight, An Idea with Tim Berners-Lee http://www.weforum.org/sessions/summary/insight-idea-tim-berners-lee at 27:27 (25 January 2013)
Kontext: When somebody has learned how to program a computer … You're joining a group of people who can do incredible things. They can make the computer do anything they can imagine.

„The web is more a social creation than a technical one.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

Weaving the Web (1999)
Kontext: The web is more a social creation than a technical one. I designed it for a social effect — to help people work together — and not as a technical toy. The ultimate goal of the Web is to support and improve our weblike existence in the world. We clump into families, associations, and companies. We develop trust across the miles and distrust around the corner.

„We’ve lost a fighter. We’ve lost somebody who put huge energy into righting wrongs.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

Eulogizing Aaron Swartz in "Remember Aaron Swartz" (18 January 2013) http://www.rememberaaronsw.com/memories/We-have-lost-a-fighter.html
Kontext: We’ve lost a fighter. We’ve lost somebody who put huge energy into righting wrongs. There are people around the world who take it on themselves to just try to fix the world but very few of them do it 24/7 like Aaron. Very few of them are as dedicated. So of the people who are fighting for right, and what he was doing up to the end was fighting for right, we have lost one of our own. … We’ve lost a great person.

„We should work toward a universal linked information system, in which generality and portability are more important than fancy graphics techniques and complex extra facilities. The aim would be to allow a place to be found for any information or reference which one felt was important, and a way of finding it afterwards.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

"Information Management: A Proposal" https://www.w3.org/History/1989/proposal.html (March 1989), the original proprosal for the software project at CERN that became the World Wide Web.
Kontext: We should work toward a universal linked information system, in which generality and portability are more important than fancy graphics techniques and complex extra facilities. The aim would be to allow a place to be found for any information or reference which one felt was important, and a way of finding it afterwards. The result should be sufficiently attractive to use that it the information contained would grow past a critical threshold, so that the usefulness the scheme would in turn encourage its increased use. The passing of this threshold accelerated by allowing large existing databases to be linked together and with new ones.

„When I invented the web, I didn't have to ask anyone's permission.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

Berners-Lee T., Net Neutrality: This is Serious (June 2006) http://dig.csail.mit.edu/breadcrumbs/node/144
Kontext: When I invented the web, I didn't have to ask anyone's permission. Now, hundreds of millions of people are using it freely. I am worried that that is going end in the USA. … Democracy depends on freedom of speech. Freedom of connection, with any application, to any party, is the fundamental social basis of the Internet, and, now, the society based on it.
Let's see whether the United States is capable as acting according to its important values, or whether it is, as so many people are saying, run by the misguided short-term interested of large corporations.
I hope that Congress can protect net neutrality, so I can continue to innovate in the internet space. I want to see the explosion of innovations happening out there on the Web, so diverse and so exciting, continue unabated.

„The fact that we're all connected, the fact that we've got this information space — does change the parameters.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

developerWorks Interviews: Tim Berners-Lee (podcast/audio plus transcript) http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/podcast/dwi/cm-int082206txt.html
Kontext: The fact that we're all connected, the fact that we've got this information space — does change the parameters. It changes the way people live and work. It changes things for good and for bad. But I think, in general, it's clear that most bad things come from misunderstanding, and communication is generally the way to resolve misunderstandings — and the Web's a form of communications — so it generally should be good. But I think, also, we have to watch whether we preserve the stability of the world — like we don't want to watch this phenomena like the stock market becoming unstable when it became computerized, for example.
We need to look at the whole society and think, "Are we actually thinking about what we're doing as we go forward, and are we preserving the really important values that we have in society? Are we keeping it democratic, and open, and so on?"

„I liked the idea that a piece of information is really defined only by what it's related to, and how it's related. There really is little else to meaning. The structure is everything.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

Weaving the Web (1999)
Kontext: In an extreme view, the world can be seen as only connections, nothing else. We think of a dictionary as the repository of meaning, but it defines words only in terms of other words. I liked the idea that a piece of information is really defined only by what it's related to, and how it's related. There really is little else to meaning. The structure is everything. There are billions of neurons in our brains, but what are neurons? Just cells. The brain has no knowledge until connections are made between neurons. All that we know, all that we are, comes from the way our neurons are connected.

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„If Web 2.0 for you is blogs and wikis, then that is people to people. But that was what the Web was supposed to be all along.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

developerWorks Interviews: Tim Berners-Lee (podcast/audio plus transcript) http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/podcast/dwi/cm-int082206txt.html
Kontext: Web 1.0 was all about connecting people. It was an interactive space, and I think Web 2.0 is of course a piece of jargon, nobody even knows what it means. If Web 2.0 for you is blogs and wikis, then that is people to people. But that was what the Web was supposed to be all along.

„In an extreme view, the world can be seen as only connections, nothing else.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

Weaving the Web (1999)
Kontext: In an extreme view, the world can be seen as only connections, nothing else. We think of a dictionary as the repository of meaning, but it defines words only in terms of other words. I liked the idea that a piece of information is really defined only by what it's related to, and how it's related. There really is little else to meaning. The structure is everything. There are billions of neurons in our brains, but what are neurons? Just cells. The brain has no knowledge until connections are made between neurons. All that we know, all that we are, comes from the way our neurons are connected.

„This project is experimental and of course comes without any warranty whatsoever. However, it could start a revolution in information access.“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

"WorldWideWeb wide-area hypertext app available" https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/comp.sys.next.announce/avWAjISncfw (19 August 1991), the announcement of the first WWW hypertext browser on the Usenet newsgroup comp.sys.next.announce.

„Cool URIs don't change“

—  Tim Berners-Lee

Title of 1998 document http://www.w3.org/Provider/Style/URI.html

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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