Eric Hobsbawm citáty

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Eric Hobsbawm

Datum narození: 9. červen 1917
Datum úmrtí: 1. říjen 2012
Další jména: Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm

Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm byl britský historik marxistické orientace. Zabýval se především obdobím vzniku industriálního kapitalismu a 19. stoletím , napsal ale i známou práci The Age of Extremes věnovanou století dvacátému. Hojně citována je též jeho kniha The Invention of Tradition , kde nastolil tezi, že většina "tradic" je v moderní společnosti uměle zkonstruována k aktuálním účelům, především pro potřeby udržení moderního národa, který je v jeho pohledu bytostně spjat s potřebami industriální společnosti a je poměrně nedávnou kategorií.

„V minulosti plaveme jako ryby ve vodě a nemůžeme jí uniknout.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm

Zdroj: [Le Goff, Jacques, Jacques Le Goff, Paměť a dějiny, Argo, Praha, 2007, 978-80-7203-862-6, 29, česky]

„Words are witnesses which often speak louder than documents.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm

Introduction
The Age of Revolution (1962)
Kontext: Words are witnesses which often speak louder than documents. Let us consider a few English words, which were invented or gained their modern meanings, substantially in the period of sixty years with which this volume deals. They are such words as 'industry', 'industrialist', 'factory,' middle class,' 'working class,' and 'socialism.' They include 'aristocracy,' as well as 'railway,' 'liberal' and 'conservative' as political terms, 'nationality,'scientist,' and 'engineer,' 'proletariat,' and (economic) 'crisis'.

„Uncertainty and unpredictability impended. Compass needles no longer had a North, maps became useless.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm, kniha The Age of Extremes

Zdroj: The Age of Extremes (1992), Chapter Eleven, Cultural Revolution, p.338-339
Kontext: The old moral vocabulary of rights and duties, mutual obligations, sin and virtue, sacrifice, conscience, rewards, and penalties, could no longer be translated into the new language of desired gratification. Once such practices and institutions were no longer accepted as part of a way of ordering society that linked people to each other and ensured social cooperation and reproduction, most of their capacity to structure human social life vanished. They were reduced simply expressions of individuals' preferences, and claims that the law should recognize the supremacy of these preferences. Uncertainty and unpredictability impended. Compass needles no longer had a North, maps became useless.

„Banditry is freedom, but in a peasant society few can be free. most are shackled by double chains of lordship and labour, one reinforcing the other.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm

Zdroj: Bandits (1969), Chapter Two
Kontext: Banditry is freedom, but in a peasant society few can be free. most are shackled by double chains of lordship and labour, one reinforcing the other. For what makes peasants the victim of authority is not as much their economic vulnerability - indeed they are as often as not virtually self sufficient - as their mobility.

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„My object is to understand ad explain why things turned out the way they did, and how they hang together.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm, kniha The Age of Extremes

Introduction
The Age of Extremes (1992)
Kontext: My object is to understand ad explain why things turned out the way they did, and how they hang together. For anyone of my age-group who has lived through all or most of the Short Twentieth Century this is inevitably also a autobiographical endeavor. We are talking about, amplifying (and correcting) our own memories. And we are talking as men and women of a particular time and place, involved, in various ways, in its history as actors in its dramas - however insignificant our parts - as observers of our times and, not least, as people whose views of the century have been formed by what we have come to see as its crucial events.

„The paradox of communism in power was that it was conservative.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm, kniha The Age of Extremes

Zdroj: The Age of Extremes (1992), p. 422.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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