Eric Hobsbawm citáty

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Eric Hobsbawm

Datum narození: 9. červen 1917
Datum úmrtí: 1. říjen 2012
Další jména:Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm

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Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm byl britský historik marxistické orientace. Zabýval se především obdobím vzniku industriálního kapitalismu a 19. stoletím , napsal ale i známou práci The Age of Extremes věnovanou století dvacátému. Hojně citována je též jeho kniha The Invention of Tradition , kde nastolil tezi, že většina "tradic" je v moderní společnosti uměle zkonstruována k aktuálním účelům, především pro potřeby udržení moderního národa, který je v jeho pohledu bytostně spjat s potřebami industriální společnosti a je poměrně nedávnou kategorií.

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Citáty Eric Hobsbawm

„V minulosti plaveme jako ryby ve vodě a nemůžeme jí uniknout.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm
Source: [Le Goff, Jacques, Jacques Le Goff, Paměť a dějiny, Argo, Praha, 2007, 978-80-7203-862-6, 29, česky]

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„My object is to understand ad explain why things turned out the way they did, and how they hang together.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm
The Age of Extremes (1992), Context: My object is to understand ad explain why things turned out the way they did, and how they hang together. For anyone of my age-group who has lived through all or most of the Short Twentieth Century this is inevitably also a autobiographical endeavor. We are talking about, amplifying (and correcting) our own memories. And we are talking as men and women of a particular time and place, involved, in various ways, in its history as actors in its dramas - however insignificant our parts - as observers of our times and, not least, as people whose views of the century have been formed by what we have come to see as its crucial events. Introduction

„Uncertainty and unpredictability impended. Compass needles no longer had a North, maps became useless.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm
The Age of Extremes (1992), Context: The old moral vocabulary of rights and duties, mutual obligations, sin and virtue, sacrifice, conscience, rewards, and penalties, could no longer be translated into the new language of desired gratification. Once such practices and institutions were no longer accepted as part of a way of ordering society that linked people to each other and ensured social cooperation and reproduction, most of their capacity to structure human social life vanished. They were reduced simply expressions of individuals' preferences, and claims that the law should recognize the supremacy of these preferences. Uncertainty and unpredictability impended. Compass needles no longer had a North, maps became useless. Chapter Eleven, Cultural Revolution, p.338-339

„Words are witnesses which often speak louder than documents.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm
The Age of Revolution (1962), Context: Words are witnesses which often speak louder than documents. Let us consider a few English words, which were invented or gained their modern meanings, substantially in the period of sixty years with which this volume deals. They are such words as 'industry', 'industrialist', 'factory,' middle class,' 'working class,' and 'socialism.' They include 'aristocracy,' as well as 'railway,' 'liberal' and 'conservative' as political terms, 'nationality,'scientist,' and 'engineer,' 'proletariat,' and (economic) 'crisis'. Introduction

„Banditry is freedom, but in a peasant society few can be free. most are shackled by double chains of lordship and labour, one reinforcing the other.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm
Bandits (1969), Context: Banditry is freedom, but in a peasant society few can be free. most are shackled by double chains of lordship and labour, one reinforcing the other. For what makes peasants the victim of authority is not as much their economic vulnerability - indeed they are as often as not virtually self sufficient - as their mobility. Chapter Two

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„First, utopianism is probably a necessary social device for generating the superhuman efforts without which no major revolution is achieved.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm
Primitive Rebels: Studies in Archaic Forms of Social Movement in the 19th and 20th Centuries http://books.google.com/books?id=sCK8AAAAIAAJ&lpg=PP1&pg=PA60#v=onepage&q=&f=false (1971), p. 60.

„Xenophobia looks like becoming the mass ideology of the 20th-century fin-de-siecle.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm
Divided Europeans: Understanding Ethnicities in Conflict http://books.google.co.in/books?id=4aECmbMMzIYC&pg=PA41 (1999), p. 41.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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