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Man Ray

Datum narození: 27. srpen 1890
Datum úmrtí: 18. listopad 1976

Man Ray [mæn reɪ] byl americký malíř, fotograf, tvůrce koláží a konstruovaných objektů, sochař i filmař. Patří mezi význačné představitele umělecké avantgardy 20. století. Man Ray se narodil v Americe, většinu tvůrčího života však prožil ve Francii. Tento všestranný umělec procházel rozličnými uměleckými světy, výtvarnými žánry a technikami. Od kubismu se obrátil k dadaismu a k surrealistickému objevování „vyšší reality“ či zhmotňování „vnitřního modelu“. S hledáním nových způsobů uměleckého vnímání a vyjadřování souvisela též Man Rayova fascinace nezvyklými způsoby práce a neobvyklými technikami. Man Rayovy experimenty otevřely cestu k abstraktní fotografii, performanci a konceptuálnímu umění. Man Raye proslavily především „fotografie bez kamery“ , nelze však opomenout ani jeho portrétní a módní snímky.

„Všichni kritici by měli být povražděni.“

—  Man Ray

Zdroj: [Jarman, Colin, 1993, The Book of Poisonous Quotes, 12, 0-8092-3681-8]

„An original is a creation motivated by desire.
Any reproduction of an original is motivated by necessity.“

—  Man Ray

"Originals Graphics Multiples" (1973) <!-- as quoted in Man Ray : American Artist (1988) by Neil Baldwin, p. 323 -->
Kontext: An original is a creation motivated by desire.
Any reproduction of an original is motivated by necessity.
The original is the result of an automatic process, the reproduction, of a mechanical process. In other words: Inspiration then information; each validates the other.
All other considerations are beyond the scope of these statements.
It is marvelous that we are the only species that creates gratuitous forms. To create is divine, to reproduce is human.

„I do not photograph nature. I photograph my visions. Quoted in“

—  Man Ray

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/man-ray/prophet-of-the-avant-garde/510/ PBS episode of American Masters

„Inspiration then information; each validates the other.“

—  Man Ray

"Originals Graphics Multiples" (1973) <!-- as quoted in Man Ray : American Artist (1988) by Neil Baldwin, p. 323 -->
Kontext: An original is a creation motivated by desire.
Any reproduction of an original is motivated by necessity.
The original is the result of an automatic process, the reproduction, of a mechanical process. In other words: Inspiration then information; each validates the other.
All other considerations are beyond the scope of these statements.
It is marvelous that we are the only species that creates gratuitous forms. To create is divine, to reproduce is human.

„To express what I feel I use the medium best suited to express that idea, which is also always the most economical one.“

—  Man Ray

As quoted in Man Ray : The Rigour of Imagination (1977) by Arturo Schwarz, p. 10 <!-- also in Man Ray : Photographs and Objects (1980) by Birmingham Museum of Art -->
Variant: I paint what cannot be photographed, that which comes from the imagination or from dreams, or from an unconscious drive. I photograph the things that I do not wish to paint, the things which already have an existence.
As quoted in an interview "Man Ray: Photographer" published in Camera (1981) edited by Philippe Sers <!-- and in The Columbia Dictionary of Quotations (1993) edited by Robert Andrews, p. 686 -->
Kontext: l paint what cannot be photographed, and l photograph what l do not wish to paint. lf it is a portrait that interests me, a face, or a nude, I will use my camera. It is quicker than making a drawing or a painting. But if it is something I cannot photograph, like a dream or a subconscious impulse I have to resort to drawing or painting. To express what I feel I use the medium best suited to express that idea, which is also always the most economical one. l am not at all interested in being consistent as a painter, and object-maker or a photographer. I can use several different techniques, like the old masters who were engineers, musicians and poets at the same time. I have never shared the contempt shown by painters for photography: there is no competition involved, painting and photography are two media engaged in different paths. There is no conflict between the two.

„To me, a painter, if not the most useful, is the least harmful member of our society.“

—  Man Ray

In response to criticism of controversial paintings, in Self Portrait (1963), p. 342
Kontext: There is … your high bridge in Pasadena from which every once in a while someone jumps off, committing suicide. There is no question of removing the bridge. Poems have been written by well-known authors that are supposed to have driven love-sick young people to suicide. These works are not banned. Thousands lose their lives in automobile accidents, yet nothing is done to restrain manufacturers from building lethal instruments that can do more than 30 miles an hour. To me, a painter, if not the most useful, is the least harmful member of our society. An unskilled cook or doctor can put our lives in danger. l have tried … to paint a picture that would, like the beautiful head of Medusa, turn the spectator to stone … so that certain ones who looked at it would drop dead … but l have not yet succeeded!

„To create is divine, to reproduce is human.“

—  Man Ray

"Originals Graphics Multiples" (1973) <!-- as quoted in Man Ray : American Artist (1988) by Neil Baldwin, p. 323 -->
Kontext: An original is a creation motivated by desire.
Any reproduction of an original is motivated by necessity.
The original is the result of an automatic process, the reproduction, of a mechanical process. In other words: Inspiration then information; each validates the other.
All other considerations are beyond the scope of these statements.
It is marvelous that we are the only species that creates gratuitous forms. To create is divine, to reproduce is human.

„Throughout time painting has alternately been put to the service of the Church, the State, arms, individual patronage, scientific phenomena, anecdote and decoration … all the marvelous works that have been painted, whatever the sources of inspiration, still live for us because of absolute qualities they possess in common.“

—  Man Ray

As quoted in "American Modernists in Painting take the Public into their Confidence" in Current Opinion Vol LX, No. 5 (May 1916), p. 351
Kontext: Throughout time painting has alternately been put to the service of the Church, the State, arms, individual patronage, scientific phenomena, anecdote and decoration … all the marvelous works that have been painted, whatever the sources of inspiration, still live for us because of absolute qualities they possess in common. The creative force and the expressiveness of painting reside materially in the colour and texture of pigments, in the possibilities of form invention and organisation, and in the flat plane on which these elements are brought into play.

„Personally, I have always preferred inspiration to information.“

—  Man Ray

As quoted in Photographers on Photography : A Critical Anthology (1966) by Nathan Lyons, p. 80 <!-- "Man Ray Photographs 1920-1934" MAN RAY, Modern Photography, November 1957, p. 85. THE AGE OF LIGHT 1934 Preface to Man Ray Photographs 1920-1934, Paris, Hartford, James T. Soby ??? -->
Kontext: Of course, there will always be those who look only at technique, who ask "how", while others of a more curious nature will ask "why". Personally, I have always preferred inspiration to information.

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„I have been accused of being a joker. But the most successful art to me involves humor.“

—  Man Ray

As quoted in an interview "Man Ray: Photographer" published in Camera (1981) edited by Philippe Sers

„unconcerned but not indifferent“

—  Man Ray

His epitaph, chosen by his widow, Juliet Browner Man Ray, because they were words he'd often said of himself. Quoted in "Man Ray : Master of Imagery; Pioneer Artist and Photographer" by Max Perchick , in PSA Journal (1 May 1991) http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-10728732.html

„One of the satisfactions of a genius is his will-power and obstinacy.“

—  Man Ray

Letter to his sister (18 May 1941), as quoted in Man Ray : American Artist (1988) by Neil Baldwin

„Don't put my name on it. These are simply documents I make.“

—  Man Ray

This originates with Eugène Atget, who was quoted by Ray in "Interview: Man Ray" Camera, Vol. 54, No. 2 (February 1975), p. 40
Misattributed

„All critics should be assassinated.“

—  Man Ray

As quoted in Bartlett's Unfamiliar Quotations (1971) edited by Leonard Louis Levinson

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