Martha Grahamová citáty

Martha Grahamová foto
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Martha Grahamová

Datum narození: 11. květen 1894
Datum úmrtí: 1. duben 1991
Další jména: Marta Graham

Martha Austinová Grahamová byla americká tanečnice, choreografka a taneční pedagožka, jež významně ovlivnila dějiny moderního tance. Pocházela z rodiny psychiatra. Taneční vzdělání získala v Los Angeles na škole Denishawn School; pak působila nějaký čas v tamním tanečním souboru. Do poloviny dvacátých let byl její taneční styl ještě eklektický a romantický, což se změnilo po roce 1926, kdy v New Yorku založila taneční školu Martha Graham School of Contemporary Dance, z níž později vzešel soubor Martha Graham Dance Company. Zde Grahamová taneční pohyb podřídila vyjadřovaným emocím; tanec se pro ni stal „skrytou řečí duše“, jak se později vyjádřila. Postupně vytvořila vlastní škálu tanečních výrazových prostředků, odlišnou od tradičních pohybů a vyznačující se dynamičností, silovostí a napětím. Během šedesátileté kariéry Grahamová vytvořila 181 tanečních děl, spolupracovala s řadou významných umělců různých oborů a vychovala mnoho žáků. Jako tanečnice naposledy vystoupila v 75 letech, choreografii se věnovala až do 96 let. Wikipedia

„Tanec je píseň těla.“

—  Martha Grahamová

Varianta: Tanec je píseň těla, a to o radosti, nebo o bolesti.

„Great dancers are not great because of their technique, they are great because of their passion.“

—  Martha Graham

As quoted in The Runner's Book of Daily Inspiration : A Year of Motivation, Revelation, and Instruction (1999) by Kevin Nelson, p. 11.

„Dance is the hidden language of the soul, of the body.“

—  Martha Graham

New York Times interview (1985)
Kontext: To me, the body says what words cannot. I believe that dance was the first art. A philosopher has said that dance and architecture were the first arts. I believe that dance was first because it's gesture, it's communication. That doesn't mean it's telling a story, but it means it's communicating a feeling, a sensation to people.
Dance is the hidden language of the soul, of the body. And it's partly the language that we don't want to show.

„Dancing appears glamorous, easy, delightful. But the path to paradise of the achievement is not easier than any other.“

—  Martha Graham

I Am A Dancer (1952)
Kontext: Dancing appears glamorous, easy, delightful. But the path to paradise of the achievement is not easier than any other. There is fatigue so great that the body cries, even in its sleep. There are times of complete frustration, there are daily small deaths. Then I need all the comfort that practice has stored in my memory, a tenacity of faith.

„I don't try to tell the dancers exactly what a dance means before they do it.“

—  Martha Graham

New York Times interview (1985)
Kontext: I don't try to tell the dancers exactly what a dance means before they do it. I can correct it and tell them what they have done after they have done it, and what it means to me. But I don't say, "Be fearful here," "Be angry here," because I think that is intrusion.

„To me, the body says what words cannot.“

—  Martha Graham

New York Times interview (1985)
Kontext: To me, the body says what words cannot. I believe that dance was the first art. A philosopher has said that dance and architecture were the first arts. I believe that dance was first because it's gesture, it's communication. That doesn't mean it's telling a story, but it means it's communicating a feeling, a sensation to people.
Dance is the hidden language of the soul, of the body. And it's partly the language that we don't want to show.

„I believe that we learn by practice.“

—  Martha Graham

I Am A Dancer (1952)
Kontext: I believe that we learn by practice. Whether it means to learn to dance by practicing dancing or to learn to live by practicing living, the principles are the same. in each it is the performance of a dedicated set of acts, physical or intellectual, from which comes the shape of achievement, a sense of one's being, a satisfaction of spirit. One becomes in some areas an athlete of God.

„I think comedy is the most difficult thing in the world, I really do.“

—  Martha Graham

New York Times interview (1985)
Kontext: I think comedy is the most difficult thing in the world, I really do. One can always lament, you know — but to laugh in the face of life, that's very hard. And for me the great tragedian should also be a great comedian.

„To me, the only sin is mediocrity.“

—  Martha Graham

New York Times interview (1985)

„There is a vitality, a life force, an energy, a quickening that is translated through you into action, and because there is only one of you in all of time, this expression is unique. And if you block it, it will never exist through any other medium and it will be lost.“

—  Martha Graham

As quoted in The Life and Work of Martha Graham (1991) by Agnes de Mille, p. 264, <!-- de Mille precedes the Graham quotation with: "The greatest thing she ever said to me was in 1943 after the opening of Oklahoma!, when I suddenly had unexpected, flamboyant success for a work I thought was only fairly good, after years of neglect for work I thought was fine. I was bewildered and worried that my entire scale of values was untrustworthy. I talked to Martha. I remember the conversation well. It was in a Schrafft's restaurant over a soda. I confessed that I had a burning desire to be excellent, but no faith that I could be. Martha said to me, very quietly, ... " -->
Kontext: There is a vitality, a life force, an energy, a quickening that is translated through you into action, and because there is only one of you in all of time, this expression is unique. And if you block it, it will never exist through any other medium and it will be lost. The world will not have it. It is not your business to determine how good it is nor how valuable nor how it compares with other expressions. It is your business to keep it yours clearly and directly, to keep the channel open. You do not even have to believe in yourself or your work. You have to keep yourself open and aware to the urges that motivate you. Keep the channel open.... No artist is pleased. [There is] no satisfaction whatever at any time. There is only a queer divine dissatisfaction, a blessed unrest that keeps us marching and makes us more alive than the others.

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