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Robert Musil

Datum narození: 6. listopad 1880
Datum úmrtí: 15. duben 1942

Robert Musil byl rakouský romanopisec, dramatik a esejista. Jeho monumentální nedokončený román Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften je pro svou intelektuální hloubku a vysokou literární úroveň řazen na roveň dílu Marcela Prousta či Jamese Joyce.


„Odvrhneme od sebe veškeré sobectví, nebudeme shromažďovat ani statky, ani poznatky, ani milence, ani přátele, ani zásady, ani sebe samé: následkem toho se otevře naše mysl, uvolní se vůči člověku i zvířeti a bude tak přístupná, že už vůbec nebudeme moci zůstat sami sebou a zachováme se pouze ve spojení s celým světem!“

„Filozofové jsou násilníci, kteří nemají k dispozici armádu, a proto si podrobují svět tím, že jej zavřou do nějakého systému.“


„Na svete je len jeden spôsob, ako urobiť nejakú
osobu alebo vec peknou: milovať ju.“

„Dva týdny poté byla Bonadea už čtrnáct dni jeho milenkou.“

„Existuje tolik otázek ve vztahu k milovaným lidem, které musí překlenout stavba společného života, než jsou domyšleny do konce, a později to, co vzniklo, neponechá na svobodě už ani trochu síly, abychom si to třeba i jen představili jinak.“

„V dobách tyranů existovaly velké filozofické povahy, kdežto v dobách pokročilé civilizace a demokracie se nedaří vytvořit presvědčivou filozofii.“

„Podle ústavy byla liberální, ale vládlo se v ní klerikálně. Vládlo se klerikálně, ale žilo se slobodomyslně. Před zákonom si byli všichni občané rovni, ale ne všichni byli právě občané.“

„Zdravého od duševně nemocného odlišuje přece právě to, že zdravý má všechny duševní nemoci a duševně chorý jenom jednu!“


„Jediným pevným znakem naší morálky je, že si její přikázaní odporují. Nejmorálnejší ze všech pouček je ta, že výjimka potvrzuje pravidlo.“

„One must conform to the baseness of an age or become neurotic.“

„The secret of a good librarian is that he never reads anything more of the literature in his charge than the title and the table of contents. Anyone who lets himself go and starts reading a book is lost as a librarian... He's bound to lose perspective.“ The Man Without Qualities

„…. by the time they have reached the middle of their life’s journey, few people remember how they have managed to arrive at themselves, at their amusements, their point of view, their wife, character, occupation and successes, but they cannot help feeling that not much is likely to change anymore. It might even be asserted that they have been cheated, for one can nowhere discover any sufficient reason for everything’s coming about as it has. It might just have well as turned out differently. The events of people’s lives have, after all, only to the last degree originated in them, having generally depended on all sorts of circumstances such as the moods, the life or death of quite different people, and have, as it were, only at the given point of time come hurrying towards them“ The Man Without Qualities: Vol. 1


„His appearance gives no clue to what his profession might be, and yet he doesn't look like a man without a profession either. Consider what he's like: He always knows what to do. He knows how to gaze into a woman's eyes. He can put his mind to any question at any time. He can box. He is gifted, strong-willed, open-minded, fearless, tenacious, dashing, circumspect—why quibble, suppose we grant him all those qualities—yet he has none of them! They have made him what he is, they have set his course for him, and yet they don't belong to him. When he is angry, something in him laughs. When he is sad, he is up to something. When something moves him, he turns against it. He'll always see a good side to every bad action. What he thinks of anything will always depend on some possible context—nothing is, to him, what it is: everything is subject to change, in flux, part of a whole, of an infinite number of wholes presumably adding up to a super-whole that, however, he knows nothing about. So every answer he gives is only a partial answer, every feeling an opinion, and he never cares what something is, only 'how' it is—some extraneous seasoning that somehow goes along with it, that's what interests him.“ The Man Without Qualities

„A man who wants the truth becomes a scientist; a man who wants to give free play to his subjectivity may become a writer; but what should a man do who wants something in between?“ The Man Without Qualities

„Hardly anyone still reads nowadays. People make use of the writer only in order to work off their own excess energy on him in a perverse manner, in the form of agreement or disagreement.“ The Man Without Qualities

„The difference between a normal person and an insane one is precisely that the normal person has all the diseases of the mind, while the madman has only one!“ The Man Without Qualities

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