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William Pitt

Datum narození: 28. květen 1759
Datum úmrtí: 23. leden 1806

William Pitt mladší byl britský politik. Roku 1783 se ve věku 24 let stal nejmladším britským premiérem. Poté roku 1801 z úřadu odstoupil, ale od roku 1804 až do své smrti se do této pozice znovu vrátil. Je označován jako William Pitt mladší, aby nedošlo k záměně s jeho otcem Williamem Pittem starším, který byl také významným britským politikem a zastával i funkci britského premiéra.

Pitt byl předsedou britské vlády v době panování Jiřího III. a v době kdy v Evropou zmítala francouzská revoluce a napoleonské války. Pitt, i když je zařazován mezi Torye, sám sebe označoval jako nezávislého Whiga a byl odpůrcem striktního rozdělení stranické příslušnosti. Wikipedia

Fotka: John Hoppner, Bonhams / Public domain

„Roll up that map; it will not be wanted these ten years.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

Upon seeing a map of Europe in January 1806 after hearing of the Battle of Austerlitz. Quoted in Stanhope, Life of the Right Honourable William Pitt https://archive.org/stream/lifeofwilliampit03stan/lifeofwilliampit03stan_djvu.txt. See also the Yale Book of Quotations.

„What I have now offered is meant merely for the sake of my country, for the simple question is: will you change your Ministers and keep the Empire, or keep your Ministers and lose the Kingdom?“

—  William Pitt the Younger

William Cobbett, "Parliamentary History".
Speech in the House of Commons, supporting a motion of censure on the government of Lord North, 15 March 1782.

„Most accursed, wicked, barbarous, cruel, unnatural, unjust and diabolical.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

Speech in Parliament on the American Revolutionary War (February 26, 1781), reported in Hansard (Vol. 22), p. 487, Debate on Mr. Fox's Motion for a Committee.

„Pitt: Never fear, Mr. Burke: depend on it we shall go on as we are, until the day of judgment.
Edmund Burke: Very likely, Sir. It is the day of no judgment that I am afraid of.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

Conversation at a dinner in 10 Downing Street (24 September 1791), quoted in George Pellew, The Life and Correspondence of the Right Hon. Henry Addington, First Viscount Sidmouth, Volume I (London: John Murray, 1847), p. 72.

„Not merely a chip of the old 'block', but the old block itself.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

Nathaniel Wraxall, "Historical Memoirs of My Own Time", part 2.
Edmund Burke's reaction to Pitt's maiden speech in Parliament. The 'old block' was William Pitt the Elder.

„We owe our present happiness and prosperity, which has never been equalled in the annals of mankind, to a mixture of monarchical government.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

"The War Speeches of William Pitt", Oxford University Press, 1915, p. 29
Speech in the House of Commons, 1 February 1793.

„Prostrate the beauteous ruin lies; and all
That shared its shelter perish in its fall.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

The Poetry of the Anti-Jacobin, No. xxxvi, reported in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. (1919).

„I return you many thanks for the honour you have done me; but Europe is not to be saved by any single man. England has saved herself by her exertions, and will, as I trust, save Europe by her example.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

"The War Speeches of William Pitt", Oxford University Press, 1915, p. 351
Speech at the Guildhall, City of London, 9 November 1805. This was Pitt's last speech in public.

„Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

Speech in the House of Commons (18 November, 1783). Compare: "And with necessity, / The tyrant's plea, / excus'd his devilish deeds", John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book iv, line 393.

„I think I could eat one of Bellamy's mutton pies.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

Also "I think I could eat one of Bellamy's meat pies." Both in Rosebery, Pitt https://archive.org/stream/pittrose00roseuoft/pittrose00roseuoft_djvu.txt. Rosebery wrote that this story was related to him by Disraeli, who heard it as a young member of Parliament by a "grim old waiter of prehistoric reputation, who was supposed to possess a secret treasure of political tradition." According to Rosebery, "Disraeli mentioned the meat -- veal or pork I think, but I have forgotten." Reported in Rosebery, Pitt https://archive.org/stream/pittrose00roseuoft/pittrose00roseuoft_djvu.txt.

„Oh my country! How I love my country!“

—  William Pitt the Younger

Last words.
Lord Stanhope, Life of the Right Honourable William Pitt https://archive.org/stream/liferighthonour04stangoog/liferighthonour04stangoog_djvu.txt
Lord Rosebery reports it as "my country! how I leave my country!" in Pitt https://archive.org/stream/pittrose00roseuoft/pittrose00roseuoft_djvu.txt (London: Macmillan, 1891), and attributes "O my country! How I love my country!" to Benjamin Disraeli.
See also Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, pg 456.

„You may take from me, Sir, the privileges and emoluments of place, but you cannot, and you shall not, take from me those habitual and warm regards for the prosperity of Great Britain which constitute the honour, the happiness, the pride of my life, and which, I trust, death alone can extinguish.“

—  William Pitt the Younger

"The War Speeches of William Pitt", Oxford University Press, 1915, p. 7
Speech in the House of Commons, 21 February 1783, on the peace treaty with the United States. Pitt, who was Chancellor of the Exchequer, knew the government would lose the vote and he would have to resign.

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