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Adam Michnik

Datum narození: 17. říjen 1946

Adam Michnik je polský historik, esejista, publicista a politický komentátor, šéfredaktor deníku Gazeta Wyborcza.


„Nejhorší na komunismu je to, co následuje po něm.“

„Revoluce mají dvě fáze: nejprve přijde boj za svobodu a potom boj o moc. Ta první povznáší lidského ducha a probouzí v lidech to nejlepší. Ta druhá pak odhaluje to nejhorší: závist, intriky, chamtivost, podezíravost a touhu po pomstě.“


„Jsem intelektuálním magnátem… Pokud jde o peníze, netrpím.“

„The real struggle for us is for the citizen to cease to be the property of the state.“

„I think you can be an enemy of Saddam Hussein even if Donald Rumsfeld is also an enemy of Saddam Hussein.“

„You know that you are not a hero and that you never wanted to be the one. You have never wanted to die for your nation, or for freedom, or for anything else, for that matter: the fates of Winkelried and Ordon [legendary heroes who died for their countries, which were overwhelmed by superior enemies] have never tempted you. You have always wanted to be alive, to live like a normal person, to have respect for yourself and for your friends. You have always enjoyed the moral comfort that allows you to take pleasure in your inner freedom, in beautiful women, and in wine. This war surprised you in the company of a pretty woman, not while you were plotting an assault on the Central Committee headquarters.
Nevertheless, they did declare this war on you and over thirty million other people, and so you are forced to recognise that amid the street roundups, the ignoble court sentences, the despicable radio programs, and the distribution of leaflets by underground Solidarity you will not regain the normalcy that was based on respect for yourself. Now you must choose between moral and material stability, because you know that today's "normalcy" will have the bitter taste of self-defeat. And you will not, for the sake of life's enjoyments, give in to the tempting offers of freedom made by the policeman, who seeks to delude you with promises of happiness but really brings suffering and inner hell instead.
No, this is not heroism. It is mere common sense.“
Letters From Prison and Other Essays

„The worst thing about Communism is what comes after.“

„But you do know, as you stand alone, handcuffed, with your eyes filled with tear gas, in front of policemen who are shaking their guns at you-you can see it clearly in the dark and starless night, thanks to your favourite poet - that the course of the avalanche depends on the stone over which it rolls.
And you want to be the stone that will reverse the course of events.“
Letters From Prison and Other Essays

„You know that you are no hero and that you never wanted to be the one. You have never wanted to die for your nation, or for freedom, or for anything else, for that matter: the fates of Winkelried and Ordon [legendary heroes who died for their countries, which were overwhelmed by superior enemies] have never tempted you. You have always wanted to be alive, to live like a normal person, to have respect for yourself and for your friends. You have always enjoyed the moral comfort that allows you to take pleasure in your inner freedom, in beautiful women, and in wine. This war surprised you in the company of a pretty woman, not while you were plotting an assault on the Central Committee headquarters.
Nevertheless, they did declare this war on you and over thirty million other people, and so you are forced to recognise that amid the street roundups, the ignoble court sentences, the despicable radio programs, and the distribution of leaflets by underground Solidarity you will not regain the normalcy that was based on respect for yourself. Now you must choose between moral and material stability, because you know that today's "normalcy" will have the bitter taste of self-defeat. And you will not, for the sake of life's enjoyments, give in to the tempting offers of freedom made by the policeman, who seeks to delude you with promises of happiness but really brings suffering and inner hell instead.
No, this is not heroism. It is mere common sense.“
Letters From Prison and Other Essays

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