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Alan Turing

Datum narození: 23. červen 1912
Datum úmrtí: 7. červen 1954
Další jména: Алан Матисон Тьюринг

Alan Mathison Turing, OBE byl významný britský matematik, logik, kryptoanalytik a zakladatel moderní informatiky.

„Podstatu číslicového počítače můžeme vysvětlit tím, že řekneme, že jsou takové stroje určené k zvládání veškerých operací, které umí dělat lidský počtář.“ str. 436

„Nevidíme daleko do budoucnosti, ale stejně před sebou zříme hromadu věcí, které je třeba udělat.“ str. 460

„Věda je jako diferenciální rovnice, náboženství jako omezující podmínka.“ v dopise Robinu Gandymu z března 1954

„Sometimes it is the people no one can imagine anything of who do the things no one can imagine.“

„We can only see a short distance ahead, but we can see plenty there that needs to be done.“ Computing machinery and intelligence

„I'm afraid that the following syllogism may be used by some in the future.

Turing believes machines think
Turing lies with men
Therefore machines do not think

Yours in distress,


„I believe that at the end of the century the use of words and general educated opinion will have altered so much that one will be able to speak of machines thinking without expecting to be contradicted.“ Computing machinery and intelligence

„Sometimes it is the people who no one imagines anything of who do the things that no one can imagine.“

„Those who can imagine anything, can create the impossible.“

„If a machine is expected to be infallible, it cannot also be intelligent.“

„The original question, 'Can machines think?' I believe to be too meaningless to deserve discussion.“ Mechanical Intelligence: Collected Works of A.M. Turing

„I am not very impressed with theological arguments whatever they may be used to support. Such arguments have often been found unsatisfactory in the past. In the time ofit was argued that the texts, 'And the sun stood still... and hasted not to go down about a whole day' (Joshua x. 13) and 'He laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not move at any time' (Psalm cv. 5) were an adequate refutation of the Copernican theory.“ Computing machinery and intelligence

„A very large part of space-time must be investigated, if reliable results are to be obtained.“

„It seems probable that once the machine thinking method had started, it would not take long to outstrip our feeble powers… They would be able to converse with each other to sharpen their wits. At some stage therefore, we should have to expect the machines to take control.“

„Finding such a person makes everyone else appear so ordinary…and if anything happens to him, you’ve got nothing left but to return to the ordinary world, and a kind of isolation that never existed before.“

„The isolated man does not develop any intellectual power. It is necessary for him to be immersed in an environment of other men, whose techniques he absorbs during the first twenty years of his life. He may then perhaps do a little research of his own and make a very few discoveries which are passed on to other men. From this point of view the search for new techniques must be regarded as carried out by the human community as a whole, rather than by individuals.“

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