Claude Bernard citáty
Datum narození: 12. červenec 1813
Datum úmrtí: 10. únor 1878
Claude Bernard byl lékař a jeden z nejvýznamnějších francouzských vědců, průkopník experimentální mediciny a fyziologie.
Citáty Claude Bernard
„A great surgeon performs operations for stone by a single method; later he makes a statistical summary of deaths and recoveries, and he concludes from these statistics that the mortality law for this operation is two out of five. Well, I say that this ratio means literally nothing scientifically and gives us no certainty in performing the next operation; for we do not know whether the next case will be among the recoveries or the deaths. What really should be done, instead of gathering facts empirically, is to study them more accurately, each in its special determinism…. to discover in them the cause of mortal accidents so as to master the cause and avoid the accidents.“
„Science admits no exceptions; otherwise there would be no determinism in science, or rather, there would be no science.“
— Claude Bernard
Leçons de Pathologie Expérimentale (1872).
„Ardent desire for knowledge, in fact, is the one motive attracting and supporting investigators in their efforts; and just this knowledge, really grasped and yet always flying before them, becomes at once their sole torment and their sole happiness…. A man of science rises ever, in seeking truth; and if he never finds it in its wholeness, he discovers nevertheless very significant fragments; and these fragments of universal truth are precisely what constitutes science.“
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