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Henri Bergson

Datum narození: 18. říjen 1859
Datum úmrtí: 4. leden 1941
Další jména: Henri Louis Bergson

Henri Bergson byl francouzský filosof, jeden z nejvýznamnějších filosofů přelomu 19. a 20. století, představitel filosofie života vystupující proti tradici racionalistické a osvícenské filosofie, nositel Nobelovy ceny za literaturu za rok 1927. Wikipedia

Fotka: Henri Manuel / Public domain

Díla

Creative Evolution
Henri Bergson

„Nástroje naší mysli se stávají přítěží, když prostředí, pro které byly nezbytné, již neexistuje.“

—  Henri Bergson

Zdroj: [Harris, Thomas A., Já jsem OK, ty jsi OK, PRAGMA, Praha, 1997, 80-7205-508-9, 119]

„Člověk má na to, aby si zjednodušil život, vynaložit stejné úsilí, jaké vynakládá, když si ho komplikuje.“

—  Henri Bergson

Zdroj: [Kortmanová, Milada, Perly ducha, Knižní expres, Ostrava, 1996, 80-902272-1-X, 126] - překlad ze slovenského jazyka.

„Religion is to mysticism what popularization is to science.“

—  Henri Bergson, kniha The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

Zdroj: The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932), Chapter III : Dynamic Religion
Kontext: Religion is to mysticism what popularization is to science. What the mystic finds waiting for him, then, is a humanity which has been prepared to listen to his message by other mystics invisible and present in the religion which is actually taught. Indeed his mysticism itself is imbued with this religion, for such was its starting point. His theology will generally conform to that of the theologians. His intelligence and his imagination will use the teachings of the theologians to express in words what he experiences, and in material images what he sees spiritually. And this he can do easily, since theology has tapped that very current whose source is the mystical. Thus his mysticism is served by religion, against the day when religion becomes enriched by his mysticism. This explains the primary mission which he feels to be entrusted to him, that of an intensifier of religious faith.

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„This explains the primary mission which he feels to be entrusted to him, that of an intensifier of religious faith.“

—  Henri Bergson, kniha The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

Zdroj: The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932), Chapter III : Dynamic Religion
Kontext: Religion is to mysticism what popularization is to science. What the mystic finds waiting for him, then, is a humanity which has been prepared to listen to his message by other mystics invisible and present in the religion which is actually taught. Indeed his mysticism itself is imbued with this religion, for such was its starting point. His theology will generally conform to that of the theologians. His intelligence and his imagination will use the teachings of the theologians to express in words what he experiences, and in material images what he sees spiritually. And this he can do easily, since theology has tapped that very current whose source is the mystical. Thus his mysticism is served by religion, against the day when religion becomes enriched by his mysticism. This explains the primary mission which he feels to be entrusted to him, that of an intensifier of religious faith.

„His intelligence and his imagination will use the teachings of the theologians to express in words what he experiences, and in material images what he sees spiritually.“

—  Henri Bergson, kniha The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

Zdroj: The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932), Chapter III : Dynamic Religion
Kontext: Religion is to mysticism what popularization is to science. What the mystic finds waiting for him, then, is a humanity which has been prepared to listen to his message by other mystics invisible and present in the religion which is actually taught. Indeed his mysticism itself is imbued with this religion, for such was its starting point. His theology will generally conform to that of the theologians. His intelligence and his imagination will use the teachings of the theologians to express in words what he experiences, and in material images what he sees spiritually. And this he can do easily, since theology has tapped that very current whose source is the mystical. Thus his mysticism is served by religion, against the day when religion becomes enriched by his mysticism. This explains the primary mission which he feels to be entrusted to him, that of an intensifier of religious faith.

„Men do not sufficiently realise that their future is in their own hands.“

—  Henri Bergson, kniha The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

Concluding sentences <!-- University of Notre Dame Press, 2002, p. 317 --> ; often just the last part of the last sentence is quoted, in the form: "The universe is a machine for making gods."
The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932)
Kontext: Men do not sufficiently realise that their future is in their own hands. Theirs is the task of determining first of all whether they want to go on living or not. Theirs is the responsibility, then, for deciding if they want merely to live, or intend to make just the extra effort required for fulfilling, even on their refractory planet, the essential function of the universe, which is a machine for the making of gods (la fonction essentielle de l'universe, qui est une machine à faire des dieux).

„I would say act like a man of thought and think like a man of action.“

—  Henri Bergson

Je dirais qu'il faut agir en homme de pensée et penser en homme d'action.
Speech at the Descartes Conference http://books.google.com/books?id=BynXAAAAMAAJ&q=%22Je+dirais+qu'il+faut+agir+en+homme+de+pens%C3%A9e+et+penser+en+homme+d'action%22&pg=PA1579#v=onepage in Paris (1937)
Quoted in The Forbes Scrapbook of Thoughts on the Business of Life (1950), p. 442, as "Think like a man of action, act like a man of thought."

„The open society is one that is deemed in principle to embrace all humanity.“

—  Henri Bergson, kniha The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

La société ouverte est celle qui embrasserait en principe l’humanité entière.
Zdroj: The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932), Chapter IV

„Sex-appeal is the keynote of our whole civilization.“

—  Henri Bergson, kniha The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

Toute notre civilisation est aphrodisiaque
Zdroj: The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932), Chapter IV

„A philosopher worthy of the name has never said more than a single thing: and even then it is something he has tried to say, rather than actually said. And he has said only one thing because he has seen only one point: and at that it was not so much a vision as a contact…“

—  Henri Bergson, kniha An Introduction to Metaphysics

Un philosophe digne de ce nom n'a jamais dit qu'une seule chose : encore a-t-il plutôt cherché à la dire qu'il ne l'a dite véritablement. Et il n'a dit qu'une seule chose parce qu'il n'a su qu'un seul point : encore fut-ce moins une vision qu'un contact...
"L’intuition philosophique (Philosophical Intuition)" http://obvil.paris-sorbonne.fr/corpus/critique/bergson_pensee/body-5 (10 April 1911); translated by Mabelle L. Andison in: Henri Bergson, The Creative Mind: An Introduction to Metaphysics, Courier Dover Publications, 2012, p. 91

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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