Michel Foucault citáty

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Michel Foucault

Datum narození: 15. říjen 1926
Datum úmrtí: 25. červen 1984

Michel Foucault byl reprezentant francouzské intelektuální avantgardy sedmdesátých let, profesor Collège de France, filozof a psycholog. Byl také historik filozofie, představitel filozofického strukturalismu a postmoderní filozofie, historik a teoretik kultury. Jeho dílo se rozpadá do několika období, tradičně je přijímáno dělení na období „fenomenologické“, „archeologické“, „genealogické“ a „etické“.


„Lidé vědí, co dělají. Často dokonce vědí, proč dělají to, co dělají. Ale nevědí, co to dělá, když to dělají.“

„Ve Francii musí člověk psát aspoň z deseti procent nesrozumitelně, jinak ho lidi nebudou brát vážně.“


„People know what they do; frequently they know why they do what they do; but what they don't know is what what they do does.“ Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason

„I don't feel that it is necessary to know exactly what I am. The main interest in life and work is to become someone else that you were not in the beginning.“

„Where there is power, there is resistance.“ The History of Sexuality, Volume 1: An Introduction

„What strikes me is the fact that in our society, art has become something which is related only to objects and not to individuals, or to life. That art is something which is specialized or which is done by experts who are artists. But couldn't everyone's life become a work of art? Why should the lamp or the house be an art object, but not our life?“

„I'm no prophet. My job is making windows where there were once walls.“

„Knowledge is not for knowing: knowledge is for cutting.“ The Foucault Reader: An Introduction to Foucault's Thought


„... if you are not like everybody else, then you are abnormal, if you are abnormal, then you are sick. These three categories, not being like everybody else, not being normal and being sick are in fact very different but have been reduced to the same thing“

„I don't write a book so that it will be the final word; I write a book so that other books are possible, not necessarily written by me.“

„I don’t feel that it is necessary to know exactly what I am. The main interest in life and work is to become someone else that you were not in the beginning. If you knew when you began a book what you would say at the end, do you think that you would have the courage to write it?
What is true for writing and for love relationships is true also for life. The game is worthwhile insofar as we don’t know where it will end.“

„Maybe the target nowadays is not to discover what we are but to refuse what we are.“


„The strategic adversary is fascism... the fascism in us all, in our heads and in our everyday behavior, the fascism that causes us to love power, to desire the very thing that dominates and exploits us.“

„The work of an intellectual is not to mould the political will of others; it is, through the analyses that he does in his own field, to re-examine evidence and assumptions, to shake up habitual ways of working and thinking, to dissipate conventional familiarities, to re-evaluate rules and institutions and to participate in the formation of a political will (where he has his role as citizen to play).“

„The real political task in a society such as ours is to criticize the workings of institutions that appear to be both neutral and independent, to criticize and attack them in such a manner that the political violence that has always exercised itself obscurely through them will be unmasked, so that one can fight against them.“ The Chomsky - Foucault Debate: On Human Nature

„Do not ask who I am and do not ask me to remain the same. More than one person, doubtless like me, writes in order to have no face.“

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