John Searle citáty

John Searle foto
1  0

John Searle

Datum narození: 31. červenec 1932
Další jména:John Roger Searle

Reklama

John Rogers Searle je americký filosof a profesor filosofie na University of California v Berkeley, který významně přispěl k rozvoji filosofie jazyka a řečových aktů. V roce 1980 předložil Argument čínského pokoje. V roce 2000 získal cenu Jeana Nicoda.

Citáty John Searle

Reklama
Reklama

„There are five, and only five, possible types of speech acts, five types of illocutionary acts.4 These are (1) Assertives (statements, descriptions, assertions, etc.) whose point is to represent how things are and which therefore have the downhill or word-to-world direction of fit↓;(2) Directives (orders, commands, requests, etc.) whose point is to try to get other people to do things, and which have the uphill or world-to-word direction of fit↑;(3) Commissives (promises, vows, pledges, etc.) whose point is to commit the speaker to some course of action, and which, like directives, have the uphill or world-to-word direction of fit↑;(4) Expressives, (apologies, thanks, congratulations, etc.) whose point is to express the speaker’s feelings and attitudes about a state of affairs that is in most cases presupposed to exist already; and (5) Declarations, which, remarkably, have both directions of fit at once. In a Declaration we make something the case by declaring it to be the case. The first four types of speech acts have exact analogues in intentional states: corresponding to Assertives are beliefs↓, corresponding to Directives are desires↑, corresponding to Commissives are intentions↑, and corresponding to Expressives is the whole range of emotions and other intentional states where the Presup fit is taken for granted. But there is no prelinguistic analogue for the Declarations. Prelinguistic intentional states cannot create facts in the world by representing those facts as already existing. This remarkable feat requires a language.5“

— John Rogers Searle, Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization

Reklama
Další
Dnešní výročí
Curt Goetz foto
Curt Goetz18
německý herec 1888 - 1960
Christopher Paolini foto
Christopher Paolini34
americký autor 1983
Auguste Rodin foto
Auguste Rodin12
francouzský sochař 1840 - 1917
Christian Godefroy foto
Christian Godefroy1
autor knih o osobnostním rozvoji 1948 - 2012
Another 31 today anniversaries
Podobní autoři
Amos Bronson Alcott foto
Amos Bronson Alcott2
americký učitel a spisovatel
Walter Lippmann foto
Walter Lippmann3
americký novinář
George Steiner foto
George Steiner1
americký literární kritik, esejista, beletrista, překlada...
Reinhold Niebuhr foto
Reinhold Niebuhr3
americký bohoslovec
Elbert Hubbard foto
Elbert Hubbard42
americký spisovatel, nakladatel, výtvarník a filozof
Josef Pieper foto
Josef Pieper7
německý filozof
Bernard Bosanquet foto
Bernard Bosanquet1
anglický filozof
 Epicharmos foto
Epicharmos4
řecký dramatik a filozof
 Démokritos foto
Démokritos105
starověký řecký filozof, žák Leucippuse, zakladatel atomo...