Karl Werner Heisenberg citáty

Karl Werner Heisenberg foto
6   6

Karl Werner Heisenberg

Datum narození: 5. prosinec 1901
Datum úmrtí: 1. únor 1976

Reklama

Werner Karl Heisenberg byl německý fyzik, nositel Nobelovy ceny z roku 1932 za svou roli ve vytváření kvantové mechaniky.

Podobní autoři

Hermann Weyl foto
Hermann Weyl1
německý matematik
Max Planck foto
Max Planck7
německý fyzik
Jacob Robert Oppenheimer foto
Jacob Robert Oppenheimer5
americký teoretický fyzik a profesor fyziky
Alan Guth foto
Alan Guth1
americký teoretický fyzik a kosmolog
Michio Kaku foto
Michio Kaku3
americký teoretický fyzik, futurista a autor
Stephen Hawking foto
Stephen Hawking36
britský teoretický fyzik zabývající se vznikem vesmíru
Lev Davidovič Landau foto
Lev Davidovič Landau1
sovětský fyzik
Albert Einstein foto
Albert Einstein206
německo-americký fyzik, autor teorie relativity
Wolfgang Wild foto
Wolfgang Wild1
německý fyzik a politik
Georg Christoph Lichtenberg foto
Georg Christoph Lichtenberg166
německý vědec, satirik

Citáty Karl Werner Heisenberg

Reklama

„The first gulp from the glass of natural sciences will turn you into an atheist, but at the bottom of the glass God is waiting for you.“

—  Werner Heisenberg
“Der erste Trunk aus dem Becher der Naturwissenschaft macht atheistisch, aber auf dem Grund des Bechers wartet Gott.” in 15 Jahrhunderte Würzburg: e. Stadt u. ihre Geschichte [15 centuries Würzburg. A city and its history] (1979), p. 205, by Heinz Otremba. The quote per se cannot be found in Heisenberg's published works, and Otremba apparently does not declare his source. The journalist Eike Christian Hirsch PhD, a personal aquaintance of Heisenberg, whom he interviewed for his 1981 book Expedition in die Glaubenswelt, informed de.wikiquote on 22 June 2015, that content and style of the quote was completely foreign to Heisenberg's convictions and the way he used to express himself, and that Heisenberg's children, Dr. Maria Hirsch and Prof. Dr. Martin Heisenberg, did not recognize their father in this quote. Hirsch has suggested that the quote and its attribution to Heisenberg may have been fabricated by a fundamentalist English-speaking Christian seeking support for his faith, and he points to the similar precursor remarks of Francis Bacon, in "Of Atheism" (1601): "A little philosophy inclineth man’s mind to atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth men’s minds about to religion", and of Alexander Pope, in "An Essay on Criticism" (1709): "A little learning is a dangerous thing; drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring: there shallow draughts intoxicate the brain, and drinking largely sobers us again." However, there is a passage in a lengthy essay written by Heisenberg in 1942, "Ordnung der Wirklichkeit” ("Reality and Its Order"), published in Collected Works. Section C: Philosophical and Popular Writings. Volume I. Physics and Cognition. 1927-1955 (1984), that parallels the ideas expressed in the quote (albeit in a much expanded form): "The first thing we could say was simply: 'I believe in God, the Father, the almighty creator of heaven and earth.' The next step — at least for our contemporary consciousness — was doubt. There is no god; there is only an impersonal law that directs the fate of the world according to cause and effect... And yet [today], we may with full confidence place ourselves into the hands of the higher power who, during our lifetime and in the course of the centuries, determines our faith and therewith our world and our fate." (English translation by M.B.Rumscheidt and N. Lukens, available at http://www.heisenbergfamily.org/t-OdW-english.htm) Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, a protégé of Heisenberg, did publish a version of the quote itself in Die Geschichte der Natur (The History of Nature) (1948), appearing to consider it an adage: "Aus dem Denken gibt es keinen ehrlichen Rückweg in einen naiven Glauben. Nach einem alten Satz trennt uns der erste Schluck aus dem Becher der Erkenntnis von Gott, aber auf dem Grunde des Bechers wartet Gott auf den, der ihn sucht. Wenn es so ist, dann gibt es einen Weg des Denkens, der vorwärts zu religiösen Wahrheiten führt, und nur diesen Weg zu suchen ist lohnend. Wenn es nicht so ist, wird unsere Welt auf die Religion ihre Hoffnungen vergeblich setzen." ("From thinking there is no honest way back into a naive belief. According to an old phrase, the first sip from the cup of knowledge separates us from God, but at the bottom of the cup God is waiting for the one who seeks him. If so, then there is a way of thinking that leads to religious truths, and to seek only that way is rewarding. If it is not so, our world will put its hopes to religion in vain.")

„Any concepts or words which have been formed in the past through the interplay between the world and ourselves are not really sharply defined with respect to their meaning: that is to say, we do not know exactly how far they will help us in finding our way in the world.“

—  Werner Heisenberg
Context: Any concepts or words which have been formed in the past through the interplay between the world and ourselves are not really sharply defined with respect to their meaning: that is to say, we do not know exactly how far they will help us in finding our way in the world. We often know that they can be applied to a wide range of inner or outer experience, but we practically never know precisely the limits of their applicability. This is true even of the simplest and most general concepts like "existence" and "space and time". Therefore, it will never be possible by pure reason to arrive at some absolute truth. The concepts may, however, be sharply defined with regard to their connections. This is actually the fact when the concepts become part of a system of axioms and definitions which can be expressed consistently by a mathematical scheme. Such a group of connected concepts may be applicable to a wide field of experience and will help us to find our way in this field. But the limits of the applicability will in general not be known, at least not completely.

Reklama

„Whenever we proceed from the known into the unknown we may hope to understand, but we may have to learn at the same time a new meaning of the word "understanding."“

—  Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy: The Revolution in Modern Science
Context: Whenever we proceed from the known into the unknown we may hope to understand, but we may have to learn at the same time a new meaning of the word "understanding."

„We have to remember that what we observe is not nature herself, but nature exposed to our method of questioning.“

—  Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy: The Revolution in Modern Science
Context: We have to remember that what we observe is not nature herself, but nature exposed to our method of questioning. <!-- p. 58 This has also appeared in the alternate form: "What we observe is not nature itself, but nature exposed to our method of questioning."

„The existing scientific concepts cover always only a very limited part of reality, and the other part that has not yet been understood is infinite.“

—  Werner Heisenberg
Context: The existing scientific concepts cover always only a very limited part of reality, and the other part that has not yet been understood is infinite.<!-- p. 201

Reklama

„However the development proceeds in detail, the path so far traced by the quantum theory indicates that an understanding of those still unclarified features of atomic physics can only be acquired by foregoing visualization and objectification to an extent greater than that customary hitherto.“

—  Werner Heisenberg
Context: However the development proceeds in detail, the path so far traced by the quantum theory indicates that an understanding of those still unclarified features of atomic physics can only be acquired by foregoing visualization and objectification to an extent greater than that customary hitherto. We have probably no reason to regret this, because the thought of the great epistemological difficulties with which the visual atom concept of earlier physics had to contend gives us the hope that the abstracter atomic physics developing at present will one day fit more harmoniously into the great edifice of Science.

„Light and matter are both single entities, and the apparent duality arises in the limitations of our language.“

—  Werner Heisenberg
Context: Light and matter are both single entities, and the apparent duality arises in the limitations of our language. It is not surprising that our language should be incapable of describing the processes occurring within the atoms, for, as has been remarked, it was invented to describe the experiences of daily life, and these consist only of processes involving exceedingly large numbers of atoms. Furthermore, it is very difficult to modify our language so that it will be able to describe these atomic processes, for words can only describe things of which we can form mental pictures, and this ability, too, is a result of daily experience. Fortunately, mathematics is not subject to this limitation, and it has been possible to invent a mathematical scheme — the quantum theory — which seems entirely adequate for the treatment of atomic processes; for visualisation, however, we must content ourselves with two incomplete analogies — the wave picture and the corpuscular picture. "Introductory" in The Physical Principles of the Quantum Theory (1930) as translated by Carl Eckhart and Frank C. Hoyt, p. 10

„The Greek philosophers thought of static forms“

—  Werner Heisenberg
Context: The Greek philosophers thought of static forms and found them in the regular solids. Modern science, however, has from its beginning in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries started from the dynamic problem. The constant element in physics since Newton is not a configuration or a geometrical form, but a dynamic law.<!-- p. 72

„Even for the physicist the description in plain language will be the criterion of the degree of understanding that has been reached.“

—  Werner Heisenberg
Context: The physicist may be satisfied when he has the mathematical scheme and knows how to use for the interpretation of the experiments. But he has to speak about his results also to non-physicists who will not be satisfied unless some explanation is given in plain language. Even for the physicist the description in plain language will be the criterion of the degree of understanding that has been reached.

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating
Today's anniversary
Friedrich Nietzsche foto
Friedrich Nietzsche183
německý filozof, spisovatel 1844 - 1900
Maro Publius Vergilius foto
Maro Publius Vergilius56
starověký římský básník -70 - -19 př. n. l.
Paul Allen foto
Paul Allen2
americký podnikatel 1953 - 2018
Hermann Göring foto
Hermann Göring5
německý nacistický politik 1893 - 1946
Dalších 56 dnešních výročí
Podobní autoři
Hermann Weyl foto
Hermann Weyl1
německý matematik
Max Planck foto
Max Planck7
německý fyzik
Jacob Robert Oppenheimer foto
Jacob Robert Oppenheimer5
americký teoretický fyzik a profesor fyziky
Alan Guth foto
Alan Guth1
americký teoretický fyzik a kosmolog
Michio Kaku foto
Michio Kaku3
americký teoretický fyzik, futurista a autor