Marvin Minsky citáty

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Marvin Minsky

Datum narození: 9. srpen 1927
Datum úmrtí: 24. leden 2016
Další jména: Mārvins Minskis, ماروین مینسکی, Marvin Lee Minsky

Reklama

Marvin Lee Minsky byl americký vědec zabývající se umělou inteligencí. Byl spoluzakladatelem laboratoře umělé inteligence na MIT a autorem několika filosofických textů. Roku 1969 obdržel Turingovu cenu, nejprestižnější ocenění v oblasti informatiky.

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Citáty Marvin Minsky

„Hudba je jiný způsob myšlení. Potřebujeme občas přepnout, myslet jinak, nebo se zasekneme.“

—  Marvin Minsky
Source: [Platzová, Magdaléna, Hlavně se nezaseknout, Respekt, 2010, 24, 73]

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„For generations, scientists and philosophers have tried to explain ordinary reasoning in terms of logical principles — with virtually no success.“

—  Marvin Minsky, Society of Mind
The Society of Mind (1987), Context: For generations, scientists and philosophers have tried to explain ordinary reasoning in terms of logical principles — with virtually no success. I suspect this enterprise failed because it was looking in the wrong direction: common sense works so well not because it is an approximation of logic; logic is only a small part of our great accumulation of different, useful ways to chain things together. p. 187

„Only the professional remembers the music itself, timbres, tones and textures.“

—  Marvin Minsky
K-Linesː A Theory of Memory (1980), Context: Concrete concepts are not necessarily the simplest ones. A novice best remembers "being at" a concert. The amateur remembers more of what it "sounded like." Only the professional remembers the music itself, timbres, tones and textures.

„We learn to see gases and fluids as particles, particles as waves, and waves as envelopes of growing spheres.“

—  Marvin Minsky
Jokes and their Relation to the Cognitive Unconscious (1980), Context: All intelligent persons also possess some larger-scale frame-systems whose members seemed at first impossibly different — like water with electricity, or poetry with music. Yet many such analogies — along with the knowledge of how to apply them — are among our most powerful tools of thought. They explain our ability sometimes to see one thing — or idea — as though it were another, and thus to apply knowledge and experience gathered in one domain to solve problems in another. It is thus that we transfer knowledge via the paradigms of Science. We learn to see gases and fluids as particles, particles as waves, and waves as envelopes of growing spheres.

„No bird discovers how to fly: evolution used a trillion bird-years to 'discover' that – where merely hundreds of person-years sufficed.“

—  Marvin Minsky
Context: Speed is what distinguishes intelligence. No bird discovers how to fly: evolution used a trillion bird-years to 'discover' that – where merely hundreds of person-years sufficed. "Communication with Alien Intelligence" http://web.media.mit.edu/~minsky/papers/AlienIntelligence.html, in Extraterrestrials: Science and Alien Intelligence (1985) edited by Edward Regis <!-- Cambridge University Press --> also published in Byte Magazine (April 1985)

„Concrete concepts are not necessarily the simplest ones.“

—  Marvin Minsky
K-Linesː A Theory of Memory (1980), Context: Concrete concepts are not necessarily the simplest ones. A novice best remembers "being at" a concert. The amateur remembers more of what it "sounded like." Only the professional remembers the music itself, timbres, tones and textures.

„The "laws of thought" depend not only on the property of brain cells, but also on how they are connected.“

—  Marvin Minsky, Society of Mind
The Society of Mind (1987), Context: The "laws of thought" depend not only on the property of brain cells, but also on how they are connected. And these connections are established not by the basic, "general" laws of physics... To be sure, "general" laws apply to everything. But, for that very reason, they can rarely explain anything in particular.... Each higher level of description must add to our knowledge about lower levels. Ch.2

„Every smart person wants to be corrected, not admired.“

—  Marvin Minsky, Society of Mind
Context: If you like somebody's work -- just go and see them. However, don't ask for their autograph. A lot of people came and asked me for my autograph -- and it's creepy. What I did is read everything they published first... and correct them. That's what they really want. Every smart person wants to be corrected, not admired. In "The Society of Mind" MIT course, part 6, "Layers of Mental Activities" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJZ_1a-t_sA (25:40 -- 26:15). Fall 2011.

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„I am inclined to doubt that anything very resembling formal logic could be a good model for human reasoning.“

—  Marvin Minsky
Jokes and their Relation to the Cognitive Unconscious (1980), Context: I am inclined to doubt that anything very resembling formal logic could be a good model for human reasoning. In particular, I doubt that any logic that prohibits self-reference can be adequate for psychology: no mind can have enough power — without the power to think about Thinking itself. Without Self-Reference it would seem immeasurably harder to achieve Self-Consciousness — which, so far as I can see, requires at least some capacity to reflect on what it does. If Russell shattered our hopes for making a completely reliable version of commonsense reasoning, still we can try to find the islands of "local consistency," in which naive reasoning remains correct.

„A thing or idea seems meaningful only when we have several different ways to represent it — different perspectives and different associations.“

—  Marvin Minsky
Music, Mind, and Meaning (1981), Context: What is the difference between merely knowing (or remembering, or memorizing) and understanding?... A thing or idea seems meaningful only when we have several different ways to represent it — different perspectives and different associations.... Then we can turn it around in our minds, so to speak: however it seems at the moment, we can see it another way and we never come to a full stop. In other words, we can 'think' about it. If there were only one way to represent this thing or idea, we would not call this representation thinking.

„Questions about arts, traits, and styles of life are actually quite technical. They ask us to explain what happens among the agents of our minds.“

—  Marvin Minsky, Society of Mind
The Society of Mind (1987), Context: Questions about arts, traits, and styles of life are actually quite technical. They ask us to explain what happens among the agents of our minds. But this is a subject about which we have never learned very much... Such questions will be answered in time. But it will just prolong the wait if we keep using pseudo-explanation words like "holistic" and "gestalt." …It's harmful, when naming leads the mind to think that names alone bring meaning close. Ch.2

„When you "get an idea," or "solve a problem," or have a "memorable experience," you create what we shall call a K-line.“

—  Marvin Minsky
K-Linesː A Theory of Memory (1980), Context: When you "get an idea," or "solve a problem," or have a "memorable experience," you create what we shall call a K-line. This K-line gets connected to those "mental agencies" that were actively involved in the memorable event. When that K-line is later "activated," it reactivates some of those mental agencies, creating a "partial mental state" resembling the original.

„It's harmful, when naming leads the mind to think that names alone bring meaning close.“

—  Marvin Minsky, Society of Mind
The Society of Mind (1987), Context: Questions about arts, traits, and styles of life are actually quite technical. They ask us to explain what happens among the agents of our minds. But this is a subject about which we have never learned very much... Such questions will be answered in time. But it will just prolong the wait if we keep using pseudo-explanation words like "holistic" and "gestalt." …It's harmful, when naming leads the mind to think that names alone bring meaning close. Ch.2

„A memory should induce a state through which we see current reality as an instance of the remembered event — or equivalently, see the past as an instance of the present.“

—  Marvin Minsky
K-Linesː A Theory of Memory (1980), Context: A memory should induce a state through which we see current reality as an instance of the remembered event — or equivalently, see the past as an instance of the present.... the system can perform a computation analogous to one from the memorable past, but sensitive to present goals and circumstances.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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