Oswald Spengler citáty
Datum narození: 29. květen 1880
Datum úmrtí: 8. květen 1936
Oswald Spengler byl německý filosof a spisovatel, který se zabýval dějinami, uměním i politikou. Jeho nejznámější dílo je Zánik Západu, pokus o srovnávací studium civilizací, vybízející ke „konzervativní revoluci“. Nacisté se zprvu Spenglera dovolávali pro jeho kulturní pesimismus, od roku 1933 však upadl v nemilost pro odmítavý postoj k Hitlerovi a pesimistické hodnocení Německa.
Citáty Oswald Spengler
„Co od doby ledové obývá Zemi, jsou lidé, ne ´národy´. Jejich osud je nejprve určen tím, že tělesný sled rodičů a dětí, souvislost krve, tvoří přirozené skupiny, které prozrazují zřetelný sklon zapustit kořeny v jedné krajině. I nomádské kmeny udržují své pohyby uvnitř jistých hranic. Tím je dáno trvání kosmicko-rostlinné stránky života, pobývání. To nazývám rasou.“
„The press today is an army with carefully organized weapons, the journalists its officers, the readers its soldiers. The reader neither knows nor is supposed to know the purposes for which he is used and the role he is to play.“
— Oswald Spengler
Context: The press to-day is an army with carefully organized arms and branches, with journalists as officers, and readers as soldiers. But here, as in every army, the soldier obeys blindly, and war-aims and operation-plans change without his knowledge. The reader neither knows, nor is allowed to know, the purposes for which he is used, nor even the role that he is to play. A more appalling caricature of freedom of thought cannot be imagined. Formerly a man did not dare to think freely. Now he dares, but cannot; his will to think is only a willingness to think to order, and this is what he feels as his liberty.
— Oswald Spengler, The Decline of the West, Vol 2: Perspectives of World History
— Oswald Spengler, The Hour of Decision
„One day the last portrait of Rembrandt and the last bar of Mozart will have ceased to be — though possibly a colored canvas and a sheet of notes will remain — because the last eye and the last ear accessible to their message will have gone.“
— Oswald Spengler, The Decline of the West, Vol 1: Form and Actuality
„p>Romanticism is no sign of powerful instincts, but, on the contrary, of a weak, self-detesting intellect. They are all infantile, these Romantics; men who remain children too long (or for ever), without the strength to criticize themselves, but with perpetual inhibitions arising from the obscure awareness of their own personal weakness; who are impelled by the morbid idea of reforming society, which is to them too masculine, too healthy, too sober....</p“
„Socialism means power, power, and more power. Thoughts and schemes are nothing without power. The path to power has already been mapped: the valuable elements of German labor in union with the best representatives of the Old Prussian state idea, both groups determined to build a strictly socialist state to democratize our nation in the Prussian manner; both forged into a unit by the same sense of duty, by the awareness of a great obligation, by the will to obey in order to rule, to die in order to win, by the strength to make immense sacrifices in order to accomplish what we were born for, what we are, what could not be without us.“
„The principle of inorganic equality was for them crucial. Men of the stamp of Jahn and Arndt had no notion that it was Equality that had first sounded the cry of "Vive la nation" in the September massacres of 1792.
They forgot, too, one basic fact. The Romanticism of their Volkslieder sang only the heroism of the common soldier, but the inner worth of these armies (at first amateurs in the calling of arms), their spirit, their discipline, and their training, depended upon the quality of the officer‑ corps, whose adequacy was due entirely to eighteenth-century traditions. With the Jacobins also a body of soldiers was morally worth precisely as much as its officer, who had trained it by his example. Napoleon confessed at St. Helena that he would not have been beaten had he had for his superb fighting material a corps of officers like the Austrian, a corps in which chivalrous traditions of loyalty, honour, and silent self-discipline still survived. Once the command wavers in its intentions and its attitude—or itself abdicates, as in 1918—the bravest regiment becomes on the spot a cowardly and helpless herd....
All young sects are at bottom hostile to State and property, class and rank, and are attracted to universal equality.“
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