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Max Weber

Datum narození: 21. duben 1864
Datum úmrtí: 14. červen 1920

Max Weber byl německý sociolog a ekonom. Bývá řazen mezi tzv. otce zakladatele sociologie.

„Učené ženy jsou v domácnosti stejně zlá pohroma jako ženy hysterické. Učená, citlivá, galantní dáma znající bonton, a dále pobožnůstkářka, to jsou čtyři hlavní rány, kterými Mojžíš zapomněl trestat Egypťany. Každá o sobě stačí udělat z nejrozumnějšího muže blázna, a z nejšťastnějšího pak nejnešťastnějšího tvora na světě.“

„Socialismus je pokus nahradit „anarchii trhu a dosáhnout větší rovnosti pomocí společenského plánování. Toto by však vedlo k nesmírnému nárůstu byrokracie moci, jehož následkem by byla nesvoboda a ekonomická stagnace.“

„Kdo ví něco o světě, ten vlastně nemůže seznávat nic jiného než tuto mnohost a to, že se jí nemůžeme vyhnout.“

„Politika je úsilné a pozvolné provrtávání tvrdých prken.“

„Politický boss je politický kapitalistický podnikatel, který na svůj účet a na vlastní nebezpečí opatřuje volební hlasy.“

„Politics is a strong and slow boring of hard boards. It takes both passion and perspective. Certainly all historical experience confirms the truth - that man would not have attained the possible unless time and again he had reached out for the impossible. But to do that a man must be a leader, and not only a leader but a hero as well, in a very sober sense of the word. And even those who are neither leaders nor heroes must arm themselves with that steadfastness of heart which can brave even the crumbling of all hopes. This is necessary right now, or else men will not be able to attain even that which is possible today.“

„specialists without spirit, sensualists without heart; this nullity imagines that it has attained a level of civilization never before achieved.“ The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

„it istrue that good can follow only from good and evil only from evil, but that often the opposite is true. Anyone who fails to see this is, indeed, a political infant.“ From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology

„It is horrible to think that the world could one day be filled with nothing but those little cogs, little men clinging to little jobs and striving towards bigger ones - a state of affairs which is to be seen once more, as in the Egyptian records, playing an ever-increasing part in the spirit of our present administrative system, and especially of its offspring, the students. This passion for bureaucracy... is enough to drive one to despair. It is as if in politics... we were deliberately to become men who need "order" and nothing but order, become nervous and cowardly if for one moment this order wavers, and helpless if they are torn away from their total incorporation in it. That the world should know no men but these: it is such an evolution that we are already caught up, and the great question is, therefore, not how we can promote and hasten it, but what can we oppose to this machinery in order to keep a portion of mankind free from this parcelling-out of the soul, from this supreme mastery of the bureaucratic way of life.“

„In a democracy the people choose a leader in whom they trust. Then the chosen leader says, 'Now shut up and obey me.' People and party are then no longer free to interfere in his business.“ From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology

„It is true that the path of human destiny cannot but appal him who surveys a section of it. But he will do well to keep his small personal commentarie to himself, as one does at the sight of the sea or of majestic mountains, unless he knows himself to be called and gifted to give them expression in artistic or prophetic form. In most other cases, the voluminous talk about intuition does nothing but conceal a lack of perspective toward the object, which merits the same judgement as a similar lack of perspective toward men.“ The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism and Other Writings

„The fate of an epoch that has eaten of the tree of knowledge is that it must... recognize that general views of life and the universe can never be the products of increasing empirical knowledge, and that the highest ideals, which move us most forcefully, are always formed only in the struggle with other ideals which are just as sacred to others as ours are to us.“

„Calvinist believers were psychologically isolated. Their distance from God could only be precariously bridged, and their inner tensions only partially relieved, by unstinting, purposeful labor.“ The Protestant Ethic and the "Spirit" of Capitalism

„The ultimately possible attitudes toward life are irreconcilable, and hence their struggle can never be brought to a final conclusion.“ From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology

„The fate of our times is characterized by rationalization and intellectualization and, above all, by the disenchantment of the world.“

„The purely emotional form of Pietism is, as Ritschl has pointed out, a religious dilettantism for the leisure class.“ The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

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