Steven Weinberg citáty

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Steven Weinberg

Datum narození: 3. květen 1933

Steven Weinberg je americký fyzik. V roce 1979 získal Nobelovu cenu za fyziku za svou práci o sjednocení slabé a elektromagnetické interakce.

Weinberg absolvoval střední školu v roce 1950 , bakalářský titul získal na Cornellově univerzitě v roce 1954, titul Ph.D. na Princetonské univerzitě v roce 1957. V současnosti je profesorem fyziky a astronomie na Texaské univerzitě v Austinu.

Vedle svého vědeckého výzkumu byl Steven Weinberg prominentním veřejným mluvčím vědy, svědčil před Kongresem pro podporu gigantického supravodivého urychlovače , napsal mnoho článků pro New York Review of Books a měl různé přednášky o hlubším významu vědy. Jeho knihy o vědě psané pro veřejnost kombinují typickou vědeckou popularizaci s prvky historie a filozofie vědy.

Weinberg je také známý pro svou podporu Izraele. Je to ateista.

Jeden z jeho známých citátů: S vírou nebo bez ní, dobří lidé mohou jednat dobře a špatní lidé mohou činit zlo; ale mají-li dobří lidé činit zlo – k tomu je zapotřebí víry.

Citáty Steven Weinberg

„Náboženství je urážkou lidské důstojnosti. Bez něho budou dobří lidé konat dobré a zlí lidé zase zlé. Ale aby dobří lidé páchali zlo - k tomu je třeba náboženství.“

„Čím více se zdá vesmír srozumitelným, tím více se také zdá zbytečným.“

„With or without religion, good people can behave well and bad people can do evil; but for good people to do evil - that takes religion.“

„Religion is an insult to human dignity. Without it you would have good people doing good things and evil people doing evil things.
But for good people to do evil things, that takes religion.“

„All logical arguments can be defeated by the simple refusal to reason logically“ Dreams of a Final Theory

„The effort to understand the universe is one of the very few things that lifts human life a little above the level of farce, and gives it some of the grace of tragedy.“

„Science doesn't make it impossible to believe in God, it just makes it possible not to believe in God“

„The more the universe seems comprehensible, the more it also seems pointless“

„One of the great achievements of science has been, if not to make it impossible for intelligent people to be religious, then at least to make it possible for them not to be religious. We should not retreat from this accomplishment.“

„Frederick Douglass told in his Narrative how his condition as a slave became worse when his master underwent a religious conversion that allowed him to justify slavery as the punishment of the children of Ham. Mark Twain described his mother as a genuinely good person, whose soft heart pitied even Satan, but who had no doubt about the legitimacy of slavery, because in years of living in antebellum Missouri she had never heard any sermon opposing slavery, but only countless sermons preaching that slavery was God's will. With or without religion, good people can behave well and bad people can do evil; but for good people to do evil — that takes religion.“

„Many of the great world religions teach that God demands a particular faith and form of worship. It should not be surprising that SOME of the people who take these teachings seriously should sincerely regard these divine commands as incomparably more important than any merely secular virtues like tolerance or compassion or reason.
Across Asia and Africa the forces of religious enthusiasm are gathering strength, and reasom and tolerance are not safe even in the secular states of the West. The historian Huge Trevor-Roper has said that it was the spread of the spirit of science in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that finally ended the burning pf the witches in Europe. We may need to rely again on the influence of science to preserve a sane wolrd. It's not the certainty of the scientific knowledge that fits it for this role, but its UNCERTAINTY. Seeing scientists change their minds again and again about the matters that can be studied directly in laboratory experiments, how can one take seriously the claims of religious traditions or sacred writings to certain knowledge about matters beyond human experience“

„It does not matter whether you win or lose, what matters is whether I win or lose!“

„It used to be obvious that the world was designed by some sort of intelligence. What else could account for fire and rain and lightning and earthquakes? Above all, the wonderful abilities of living things seemed to point to a creator who had a special interest in life. Today we understand most of these things in terms of physical forces acting under impersonal laws. We don't yet know the most fundamental laws, and we can't work out all the consequences of the laws we do know. The human mind remains extraordinarily difficult to understand, but so is the weather. We can't predict whether it will rain one month from today, but we do know the rules that govern the rain, even though we can't always calculate their consequences. I see nothing about the human mind any more than about the weather that stands out as beyond the hope of understanding as a consequence of impersonal laws acting over billions of years.“

„I don't need to argue here that the evil in the world proves that the universe is not designed, but only that there are no signs of benevolence that might have shown the hand of a designer.“

„Maybe at the very bottom of it... I really don't like God. You know, it's silly to say I don't like God because I don't believe in God, but in the same sense that I don't like Iago, or the Reverend Slope or any of the other villains of literature, the god of traditional Judaism and Christianity and Islam seems to me a terrible character. He's a god who will... who obsessed the degree to which people worship him and anxious to punish with the most awful torments those who don't worship him in the right way. Now I realise that many people don't believe in that any more who call themselves Muslims or Jews or Christians, but that is the traditional God and he's a terrible character. I don't like him.“

„There are those whose views about religion are not very different from my own, but who nevertheless feel that we should try to damp down the conflict, that we should compromise it. … I respect their views and I understand their motives, and I don't condemn them, but I'm not having it. To me, the conflict between science and religion is more important than these issues of science education or even environmentalism. I think the world needs to wake up from its long nightmare of religious belief; and anything that we scientists can do to weaken the hold of religion should be done, and may in fact be our greatest contribution to civilization.“

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