Alexander Von Humboldt citáty

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Alexander Von Humboldt

Datum narození: 14. září 1769
Datum úmrtí: 6. květen 1859
Další jména: Александр фон Гумбольдт, Alexander Freiherr von Humboldt

Friedrich Heinrich Alexander svobodný pán von Humboldt byl německý přírodovědec světového významu a spoluzakladatel geografie jako empirické vědy.

Citáty Alexander Von Humboldt

„Kde žije jeden lovec, může žít deset pastýřů, sto zemědělců a tisíc zahradníků.“

—  Alexander Von Humboldt

Originál: (de) Wo ein Jäger lebt, können zehn Hirten leben, hundert Ackerbauer und tausend Gärtner.
Zdroj: [Böhm, Daniela, Heute Ist Ein Ganz Anderer Tag, BoD – Books on Demand, 2013, 17, německy]

„In order to ameliorate without commotion new institutions must be made, as it were, to rise out of those which the barbarism of centuries has consecrated.“

—  Alexander von Humboldt

Equinoctial Regions of America (1814-1829)
Kontext: In order to ameliorate without commotion new institutions must be made, as it were, to rise out of those which the barbarism of centuries has consecrated. It will one day seem incredible that until the year 1826 there existed no law in the Great Antilles to prevent the sale of young infants and their separation from their parents, or to prohibit the degrading custom of marking the negroes with a hot iron, merely to enable these human cattle to be more easily recognized.

„A physical delineation of nature terminates at the point where the sphere of intellect begins, and a new world of mind is opened to our view. It marks the limit, but does not pass it.“

—  Alexander von Humboldt, kniha Kosmos

Kosmos (1845 - 1847)
Kontext: From the remotest nebulæ and from the revolving double stars, we have descended to the minutest organisms of animal creation, whether manifested in the depths of ocean or on the surface of our globe, and to the delicate vegetable germs which clothe the naked declivity of the ice-crowned mountain summit; and here we have been able to arrange these phenomena according to partially known laws; but other laws of a more mysterious nature rule the higher spheres of the organic world, in which is comprised the human species in all its varied conformation, its creative intellectual power, and the languages to which it has given existence. A physical delineation of nature terminates at the point where the sphere of intellect begins, and a new world of mind is opened to our view. It marks the limit, but does not pass it.

„The principal impulse by which I was directed was the earnest endeavor to comprehend the phenomena of physical objects in their general connection, and to represent nature as one great whole, moved and animated by internal forces.“

—  Alexander von Humboldt, kniha Kosmos

Kosmos (1845 - 1847)
Kontext: The principal impulse by which I was directed was the earnest endeavor to comprehend the phenomena of physical objects in their general connection, and to represent nature as one great whole, moved and animated by internal forces. My intercourse with highly-gifted men early led me to discover that, without an earnest striving to attain to a knowledge of special branches of study, all attempts to give a grand and general view of the universe would be nothing more than a vain illusion. These special departments in the great domain of natural science are, moreover, capable of being reciprocally fructified by means of the appropriative forces by which they are endowed.

„While we maintain the unity of the human species, we at the same time repel the depressing assumption of superior and inferior races of men. There are nations more susceptible of cultivation, more highly civilized, more enobled by mental cultivation than others, but none in themselves nobler than others.“

—  Alexander von Humboldt, kniha Kosmos

Kosmos (1845 - 1847)
Kontext: While we maintain the unity of the human species, we at the same time repel the depressing assumption of superior and inferior races of men. There are nations more susceptible of cultivation, more highly civilized, more enobled by mental cultivation than others, but none in themselves nobler than others. All are in like degree designed for freedom; a freedom which, in the ruder conditions of society, belongs only to the individual, but which, in social states enjoying political institutions, appertains as a right to the whole body of the community.

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