Ernst Hans Gombrich citáty
Ernst Hans Gombrich
Datum narození: 30. březen 1909
Datum úmrtí: 3. listopad 2001
Sir Ernst Hans Joseph Gombrich byl britský teoretik a historik umění rakouského původu, který pracoval hlavně ve Warburgově ústavu. Jeho nejznámější dílo je „Příběh umění“.
Citáty Ernst Hans Gombrich
„Skutečný zázrak jazyka umění nespočívá v tom, že umožňuje umělci vytvořit iluzi reality, ale v tom, že pod rukama velkého mistra se zobrazení stává průhledným. Tím, že nás učí vidět viditelný svět nově, dává nám iluzi, že se díváme do neviditelných říší myslí.“
— Ernst Hans Gombrich
Umění a iluze
„Začátek šestnáctého století, Cinquecento, je nejslavnější období italského umění, jedno z největších období všech dob. Byl to čas Leonarda da Vinci a Michelangelo, Raphaela a Titian, Correggio a Giorgione, Dürer a Holbein na severu, a mnoho jiných slavných mistrů. Můžeme se zeptat, proč se ve stejném období narodili všichni tito velcí mistři, ale tyto otázky jsou snadněji položeny, než odpovězeny. Nelze vysvětlit existenci génia. Je lepší si to užívat.“
„We are all inclined to accept conventional forms or colours as the only correct ones. Children sometimes think that stars must be star-shaped, though naturally they are not. The people who insist that in a picture the sky must be blue, and the grass green, are not very different from these children. They get indignant if they see other colours in a picture, but if we try to forget all we have heard about green grass and blue skies, and look at the world as if we had just arrived from another planet on a voyage of discovery and were seeing it for the first time, we may find that things are apt to have the most surprising colours.“
— Ernst Gombrich
— Ernst Gombrich
Quoted in: Willie Maartens (2006). Mapping Reality, p. 185.
„If Van Eyck’s patrons had all been Buddhists he would neither have painted the Adoration of the Lamb nor, for that matter, the Hunting of the Otter, but though the fact that he did is therefore trivially connected with the civilization in which he worked, there is no need to place these works on the periphery of the Hegelian wheel and look for the governing cause that explains both otter hunting and piety in the particular form they took in the early decades of the fifteenth century, and which is also expressed in Van Eyck’s new technique.“
„The true miracle of the language of art is not that it enables the artist to create the illusion of reality. It is that under the hands of a great master the image becomes translucent. In teaching us to see the visible world afresh, he gives us the illusion of looking into the invisible realms of the mind - if only we know, as Philostratus says, how to use our eyes.“
„I hope and believe cultural history will make progress if it also fixes its attention firmly on the individual human being. Movements, as distinct from periods, are started by people. Some of them are abortive, others catch on. Each movement in its turn has a core of dedicated souls, a crowd of hangers-on, not to forget a lunatic fringe. There is a whole spectrum of attitudes and degrees of conversion. Even within the individual there may be various levels of conviction, various conscious and unconscious fluctuations in loyalty. What seemed acceptable during the mass rally or revivalist meeting may look pretty crazy on the way home. But movements would not be movements if they did not have their badges, their outward signs, their style of behaviour, style of speech and of dress. Who can probe the motives which prompt individuals to adopt some of these, and who would venture in every case to pronounce on the completeness of the conversion this adoption may express? Knowing these limitations, the cultural historian will be a little wary of the claims of cultural psychology.“
„The beginning of the sixteenth century, the Cinquecento, is the most famous period of Italian art, one of the greatest periods of all time. This was the time of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, of Raphael and Titian, of Correggio and Giorgione, of Dürer and Holbein in the north, and of many other famous masters. One may well ask why it was that all these great masters were born in the same period, but such questions are more easily asked than answered. One cannot explain the existence of genius. It is better to enjoy it.“
— Ernst Gombrich
p. 217-218, as cited in: Molyneux, John. " Michelangelo and human emancipation http://www.isj.org.uk/index.php4?id=685&issue=128." Issue: 128, Posted: 14 October 2010.
„The point is rather that all of them felt, consciously or unconsciously, that if they let go of the magnet that created the pattern, the atoms of past cultures would again fall back into random dust-heaps.
In this respect the cultural historian was much worse off than any other historian. His colleagues working on political or economic history had at least a criterion of relevance in their restricted subject matter. They could trace the history of the reform of Parliament, of Anglo-Irish relations, without explicit reference to an all-embracing philosophy of history.“
„Like art, science is born of itself, not of nature. There is no neutral naturalism. The artist, no less than the writer, needs a vocabulary before he can embark on a 'copy' of reality.“
— Ernst Gombrich
E. H. Gombrich (1962), quoted in: Robert Maxwell Young. Mind, Brain, and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century, 1970. p. 101.
„Whether we know it or not, we always approach the past with some preconceived ideas, with a rudimentary theory we wish to test. In this as in many other respects the cultural historian does not differ all that much from his predecessor, the traveller to foreign lands. Not the professional traveller who is only interested in one particular errand, be it the exploration of a country’s kinship system or its hydroelectric schemes, but the broad-minded traveller who wants to understand the culture of the country in which he finds himself.“
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