Friedrich August von Hayek citáty

Friedrich August von Hayek foto
4   8

Friedrich August von Hayek

Datum narození: 8. květen 1899
Datum úmrtí: 23. březen 1992
Další jména: Friedrich von Hayek, Фридрих Август фон Хайек

Friedrich August von Hayek byl významný ekonom a filozof tzv. Rakouské školy. Proslul zejména svou obhajobou klasického liberalismu. Jeho rodištěm bylo Rakousko-Uhersko, velkou část života však strávil ve Velké Británii, dále v USA a Německu. Roku 1938 získal britské občanství.

Citáty Friedrich August von Hayek

„The curious task of economics is to demonstrate to men how little they really know about what they imagine they can design.“

—  Friedrich Hayek, kniha The Fatal Conceit

Zdroj: 1980s and later, The Fatal Conceit: The Errors of Socialism (1988), Ch. 5: The Fatal Conceit.
Kontext: Whereas, in fact, specialised students, even after generations of effort, find it exceedingly difficult to explain such matters, and cannot agree on what are the causes or what will be the effects of particular events. The curious task of economics is to demonstrate to men how little they really know about what they imagine they can design.
To the naive mind that can conceive of order only as the product of deliberate arrangement, it may seem absurd that in complex conditions order, and adaptation to the unknown, can be achieved more effectively by decentralizing decisions and that a division of authority will actually extend the possibility of overall order. Yet that decentralization actually leads to more information being taken into account.

„Well, I would say that, as long-term institutions, I am totally against dictatorships. But a dictatorship may be a necessary system for a transitional period. At times it is necessary for a country to have, for a time, some form or other of dictatorial power. As you will understand, it is possible for a dictator to govern in a liberal way. And it is also possible for a democracy to govern with a total lack of liberalism. Personally I prefer a liberal dictator to democratic government lacking liberalism.“

—  Friedrich Hayek

Interview in El Mercurio (1981)
1980s and later
Kontext: Well, I would say that, as long-term institutions, I am totally against dictatorships. But a dictatorship may be a necessary system for a transitional period. At times it is necessary for a country to have, for a time, some form or other of dictatorial power. As you will understand, it is possible for a dictator to govern in a liberal way. And it is also possible for a democracy to govern with a total lack of liberalism. Personally I prefer a liberal dictator to democratic government lacking liberalism. My personal impression — and this is valid for South America — is that in Chile, for example, we will witness a transition from a dictatorial government to a liberal government. And during this transition it may be necessary to maintain certain dictatorial powers, not as something permanent, but as a temporary arrangement.

„I have arrived at the conviction that the neglect by economists to discuss seriously what is really the crucial problem of our time is due to a certain timidity about soiling their hands by going from purely scientific questions into value questions.“

—  Friedrich Hayek

Conversation at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Washington, D.C. (9 February 1978); published in A Conversation with Friedrich A. Von Hayek: Science and Socialism (1979)
1960s–1970s
Kontext: I have arrived at the conviction that the neglect by economists to discuss seriously what is really the crucial problem of our time is due to a certain timidity about soiling their hands by going from purely scientific questions into value questions. This is a belief deliberately maintained by the other side because if they admitted that the issue is not a scientific question, they would have to admit that their science is antiquated and that, in academic circles, it occupies the position of astrology and not one that has any justification for serious consideration in scientific discussion. It seems to me that socialists today can preserve their position in academic economics merely by the pretense that the differences are entirely moral questions about which science cannot decide.

„Yet that decentralization actually leads to more information being taken into account.“

—  Friedrich Hayek, kniha The Fatal Conceit

Zdroj: 1980s and later, The Fatal Conceit: The Errors of Socialism (1988), Ch. 5: The Fatal Conceit.
Kontext: Whereas, in fact, specialised students, even after generations of effort, find it exceedingly difficult to explain such matters, and cannot agree on what are the causes or what will be the effects of particular events. The curious task of economics is to demonstrate to men how little they really know about what they imagine they can design.
To the naive mind that can conceive of order only as the product of deliberate arrangement, it may seem absurd that in complex conditions order, and adaptation to the unknown, can be achieved more effectively by decentralizing decisions and that a division of authority will actually extend the possibility of overall order. Yet that decentralization actually leads to more information being taken into account.

„Any kind of discrimination — be it on grounds of religion, political opinion, race, or whatever it is — seems to be incompatible with the idea of freedom under the law. Experience has shown that separate never is equal and cannot be equal.“

—  Friedrich Hayek

"Conversation with Systematic Liberalism," Forum (September 1961). <!-- p. 6. ; also in Friedrich Hayek : A Biography (2003) by Alan O. Ebenstein-->
1960s–1970s
Kontext: nowiki>[Apartheid law in South Africa] appears to be a clear and even extreme instance of that discrimination between different individuals which seems to me to be incompatible with the reign of liberty. The essence of what I said [in The Constitution of Liberty] was really the fact that the laws under which government can use coercion are equal for all responsible adult members of that society. Any kind of discrimination — be it on grounds of religion, political opinion, race, or whatever it is — seems to be incompatible with the idea of freedom under the law. Experience has shown that separate never is equal and cannot be equal.

„The more the state "plans" the more difficult planning becomes for the individual.“

—  Friedrich Hayek

Zdroj: 1940s–1950s, The Road to Serfdom (1944), Chapter 6: Planning and the Rule of Law

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Podobní autoři

Eugene Gladstone O`Neill foto
Eugene Gladstone O`Neill5
americký dramatik a nositel Nobelovy ceny za literaturu
Milton Friedman foto
Milton Friedman12
americký ekonom, statistik a spisovatel
Jaroslav Seifert foto
Jaroslav Seifert14
československý básník a nositel Nobelovy ceny
Hermann Hesse foto
Hermann Hesse48
německý spisovatel, nositel Nobelovy ceny za literaturu a t…
Imre Kertész foto
Imre Kertész6
maďarský spisovatel, nositel Nobelovy ceny za literaturu
Knut Hamsun foto
Knut Hamsun2
norský prozaik a laureát Nobelovy ceny
Nagib Mahfuz foto
Nagib Mahfuz2
egyptský spisovatel a laureát Nobelovy ceny za literaturu
José Saramago foto
José Saramago5
portugalský spisovatel a laureát Nobelovy ceny za literaturu
Octavio Paz foto
Octavio Paz6
mexický spisovatel laureát Nobelovy ceny za literaturu
Orhan Pamuk foto
Orhan Pamuk7
turecký romanopisec, scénárista a laureát Nobelovy ceny za …
Dnešní výročí
Seneca foto
Seneca463
římský filozof -4 - 65 př. n. l.
Karel Kryl foto
Karel Kryl33
český písničkář 1944 - 1994
Joséphine Baker foto
Joséphine Baker9
americko-francouzská tanečnice, zpěvačka a herečka 1906 - 1975
Franklin Delano Roosevelt foto
Franklin Delano Roosevelt44
32. americký prezident 1882 - 1945
Dalších 53 dnešních výročí
Podobní autoři
Eugene Gladstone O`Neill foto
Eugene Gladstone O`Neill5
americký dramatik a nositel Nobelovy ceny za literaturu
Milton Friedman foto
Milton Friedman12
americký ekonom, statistik a spisovatel
Jaroslav Seifert foto
Jaroslav Seifert14
československý básník a nositel Nobelovy ceny
Hermann Hesse foto
Hermann Hesse48
německý spisovatel, nositel Nobelovy ceny za literaturu a t…
Imre Kertész foto
Imre Kertész6
maďarský spisovatel, nositel Nobelovy ceny za literaturu