Norbert Wiener citáty
Datum narození: 26. listopad 1894
Datum úmrtí: 18. březen 1964
Další jména: نوربرت وینر
Norbert Wiener byl americký matematik, který je považován za zakladatele kybernetiky. Toto slovo použil ve své knize Kybernetika aneb Řízení a sdělování u organismů a strojů.
Citáty Norbert Wiener
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Zdroj: [Pekelis, Viktor Davidovič, O kybernetice, Kibernětičeskaja smes, dr. Miroslava Kohoutová, Jiří Rathouský, Odpovědný redaktor Jan Bauer, 1, Orbis, Praha, 1973, 296, Pyramida, 5]
„A faith which we follow upon orders imposed from outside is no faith, and a community which puts its dependence upon such a pseudo-faith is ultimately bound to ruin itself because of the paralysis which the lack of a healthy growing science imposes upon it.“
— Norbert Wiener, kniha The Human Use of Human Beings
XI. Language, Confusion, and Jam. p. 193
The Human Use of Human Beings (1950)
— Norbert Wiener, kniha The Human Use of Human Beings
Zdroj: The Human Use of Human Beings (1950), p. 17-18
„I do not expect to publish any future work of mine which may do damage in the hands of irresponsible militarists“
"A Scientist Rebels" Atlantic Monthly (Jan, 1947)
Kontext: The measures taken during the war by our military agencies, in restricting the free intercourse among scientists on related projects or even on the same project have gone so far that it is clear that if continued in time of peace, this policy will lead to the total irresponsibility of the scientist, and, ultimately, to the death of science.... The interchange of ideas, which is one of the greatest traditions of science, must of course receive certain limitations when the scientist becomes an arbiter of life and death.... I do not expect to publish any future work of mine which may do damage in the hands of irresponsible militarists...
„We know that for a long time everything we do will be nothing more than the jumping off point for those who have the advantage of already being aware of our ultimate results.“
Zdroj: I am a mathematician, the later life of a prodigy (1953), p. 266
Kontext: We mathematicians who operate with nothing more expensive than paper and possibly printers' ink are quite reconciled to the fact that, if we are working in an active field, our discoveries will commence to be obsolete at the moment that they are written down or even at the moment they are conceived. We know that for a long time everything we do will be nothing more than the jumping off point for those who have the advantage of already being aware of our ultimate results. This is the meaning of the famous apothegm of Newton, when he said, "If I have seen further than other men, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants".
„A single inattention may lose a chess game, whereas a single successful approach to a problem, among many which have been relegated to the wastebasket, will make a mathematician's reputation.“
Ex-Prodigy: My Childhood and Youth (1964)
Kontext: The Advantage is that mathematics is a field in which one's blunders tend to show very clearly and can be corrected or erased with a stroke of the pencil. It is a field which has often been compared with chess, but differs from the latter in that it is only one's best moments that count and not one's worst. A single inattention may lose a chess game, whereas a single successful approach to a problem, among many which have been relegated to the wastebasket, will make a mathematician's reputation.
„The world of the future will be an even more demanding struggle against the limitations of our intelligence, not a comfortable hammock in which we can lie down to be waited upon by our robot slaves.“
— Norbert Wiener, kniha God & Golem, Inc.
Zdroj: God & Golem, Inc. (1964), p. 69
Zdroj: The Human Use Of Human Beings: Cybernetics And Society
Kontext: [T]he future offers very little hope for those who expect that our new mechanical slaves will offer us a world in which we may rest from thinking. Help us they may, but at the cost of supreme demands upon our honesty and our intelligence. The world of the future will be an ever more demanding struggle against the limitations of our intelligence, not a comfortable hammock in which we can lie down to be waited upon by our robot slaves.
„Physics is at present a mass of partial theories which no man has yet been able to render truly and clearly consistent. It has been well said that the modern physicist is a quantum theorist on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday and a student of gravitational relativity theory on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. On Sunday he is praying... that someone will find the reconciliation between the two views.“
Zdroj: I am a mathematician, the later life of a prodigy (1953), p. 109
„Let it be remarked … that an important difference between the way in which we use the brain and the machine is that the machine is intended for many successive runs, either with no reference to each other, or with a minimal, limited reference, and that it can be cleared between such runs; while the brain, in the course of nature, never even approximately clears out its past records. Thus the brain, under normal circumstances, is not the complete analogue of the computing machine but rather the analogue of a single run on such a machine. We shall see later that this remark has a deep significance in psychopathology and in psychiatry.“
— Norbert Wiener, kniha Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine
V. Computing Machines and the Nervous System. p. 121.
Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine (1948)