V. S. Naipaul citáty

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V. S. Naipaul

Datum narození: 17. srpen 1932
Další jména: विद्याधर सुरजप्रसाद नेपाल

Reklama

Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul, T. C., známější jako V. S. Naipaul, je britský romanopisec hindského původu a indo-trinidadské etnické příslušnosti.

Chaguanas, kde se Naipaul narodil, je převážně hinduistické městečko. Střední školu vystudoval v hlavním městě země Port of Spain. Do Anglie se odstěhoval roku 1950. Studoval v Oxfordu. Po studiích pracoval sedm let jako rozhlasový reportér a novinář. Jeho první čtyři romány – The Mystic Masseur , The Suffrage of Elvira , Miguel Street a A House for Mr Biswas se odehrávají na rodném Trinidadu. Na fiktivní ostrov Isabelu je umístěn román The Mimic Men . Mezi jeho další knihy patří Mr. Stone and the Knights Companion , A Flag on the Island , In a Free State , za kterou obdržel Booker Prize. K dalším jeho známým dílům patří autobiografie The Enigma of Arrival či Half a Life . V českém překladu vyšly jeho romány Dům pro pana Biswase, V ohybu řeky a Pouť.

Naipaul žije v Wiltshiru v Anglii. V roce 1990 mu byl udělen královnou Alžbětou II. rytířský titul a v roce 2001 obdržel Nobelovu cenu za literaturu. Výběr švédské akademie vyvolal v však jeho případě množství odmítavých reakcí. Naipaul je totiž autorem dvou kontroverzních knih Among the Believers: An Islamic Journey a Beyond Belief: Islamic excursions among converted peoples , kterými si ostrou kritikou islámu znepřátelil muslimské čtenáře. Jeho současná žena je bývalá žurnalistka Nadira Naipaul. Je potomkem politicky vlivné trinidadské rodiny Capildeo. Jeho otec je Seepersad Naipaul, mladší bratr Shiva Naipaul, synovec Neil Bissoondath a bratranec Vahni Capildeo.

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Citáty V. S. Naipaul

„The universal civilization has been a long time in the making. It wasn't always universal; it wasn't always as attractive as it is today.“

—  V.S. Naipaul
Context: The universal civilization has been a long time in the making. It wasn't always universal; it wasn't always as attractive as it is today. The expansion of Europe gave it for at least three centuries a racial taint, which still causes pain. … This idea of the pursuit of happiness is at the heart of the attractiveness of the civilization to so many outside it or on its periphery. I find it marvelous to contemplate to what an extent, after two centuries, and after the terrible history of the earlier part of this century, the idea has come to a kind of fruition. It is an elastic idea; it fits all men. It implies a certain kind of society, a certain kind of awakened spirit. I don't imagine my father's Hindu parents would have been able to understand the idea. So much is contained in it: the idea of the individual, responsibility, choice, the life of the intellect, the idea of vocation and perfectibility and achievement. It is an immense human idea. It cannot be reduced to a fixed system. It cannot generate fanaticism. But it is known to exist, and because of that, other more rigid systems in the end blow away. "Our Universal Civilization" in The New York Times (5 November 1990) https://www.nytimes.com/1990/11/05/opinion/our-universal-civilization.html

Reklama

„It is an immense human idea. It cannot be reduced to a fixed system. It cannot generate fanaticism. But it is known to exist, and because of that, other more rigid systems in the end blow away.“

—  V.S. Naipaul
Context: The universal civilization has been a long time in the making. It wasn't always universal; it wasn't always as attractive as it is today. The expansion of Europe gave it for at least three centuries a racial taint, which still causes pain. … This idea of the pursuit of happiness is at the heart of the attractiveness of the civilization to so many outside it or on its periphery. I find it marvelous to contemplate to what an extent, after two centuries, and after the terrible history of the earlier part of this century, the idea has come to a kind of fruition. It is an elastic idea; it fits all men. It implies a certain kind of society, a certain kind of awakened spirit. I don't imagine my father's Hindu parents would have been able to understand the idea. So much is contained in it: the idea of the individual, responsibility, choice, the life of the intellect, the idea of vocation and perfectibility and achievement. It is an immense human idea. It cannot be reduced to a fixed system. It cannot generate fanaticism. But it is known to exist, and because of that, other more rigid systems in the end blow away. "Our Universal Civilization" in The New York Times (5 November 1990) https://www.nytimes.com/1990/11/05/opinion/our-universal-civilization.html

„That element of surprise is what I look for when I am writing.“

—  V.S. Naipaul
Context: I have told people who ask for lectures that I have no lecture to give. And that is true. It might seem strange that a man who has dealt in words and emotions and ideas for nearly fifty years shouldn't have a few to spare, so to speak. But everything of value about me is in my books. Whatever extra there is in me at any given moment isn't fully formed. I am hardly aware of it; it awaits the next book. It will — with luck — come to me during the actual writing, and it will take me by surprise. That element of surprise is what I look for when I am writing. "Two Worlds," Nobel lecture (7 December 2001) http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2001/naipaul-lecture-e.html

„Nehru was unique in recent world history: a colonial protest figure, a folk hero who did not appeal to fanaticism but was a reasonable, reasoning man. A man committed to science, religious tolerance, the rule of law and the rights of man.“

—  V.S. Naipaul
Context: India has been very lucky in the Nehru family. Nehru was unique in recent world history: a colonial protest figure, a folk hero who did not appeal to fanaticism but was a reasonable, reasoning man. A man committed to science, religious tolerance, the rule of law and the rights of man. Indira Gandhi, his daughter, carried on this way of looking at things. In Britain, she might have had the reputation of being domineering, harsh, even ruthless. And you can easily make a case for her being authoritarian, antidemocratic, stamping out protest. But it isn't enough just to do that. One must consider what was on the other side. In 1975, some opposition parties wanted India to go back to some pre-industrial time of village life. Piety can take odd forms. "India After Indira Gandhi" in The Daily Mail, and The New York Times (3 November 1984) https://www.nytimes.com/1984/11/03/opinion/india-after-indira-gandhi.html

„Men need history; it helps them to have an idea of who they are.“

—  V.S. Naipaul, kniha The Enigma of Arrival
The Enigma of Arrival (1987), Context: Men need history; it helps them to have an idea of who they are. But history, like sanctity, can reside in the heart; it is enough that there is something there. "The Ceremony of Farewell"

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