William Jennings Bryan citáty

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William Jennings Bryan

Datum narození: 19. březen 1860
Datum úmrtí: 26. červenec 1925
Další jména:W. J. Bryan

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William Jennings Bryan byl americký politik, který byl v letech 1896, 1900 a 1908 kandidátem Demokratické strany na prezidenta Spojených států. Byl to právník a 41. ministr zahraničních věcí za prezidenta Woodrowa Wilsona.

Je jedním z nejoblíbenějších mluvčích v americké historii[zdroj?], byl pamatován pro svůj hluboký, rozkazovačný hlas. Byl oddaným presbyteriánem, podporovatelem populární demokracie, kritik bank a železnic, vůdce hnutí silveritánů v 90. letech 19. století, vedoucí postava Demokratické strany, obhájce míru, prohibicionista, odpůrce sociálního darwinismu a jeden z nejvýznamnějších vůdců populismu koncem 19. a počátkem 20. století. Díky své víře v dobro a spravedlnost obyčejných lidí byl nazýván „Velký muž z lidu“.

V intenzivně vedeném boji ve volbách v letech 1896 a 1900 prohrál s Williamem McKinleym, ale ponechal si kontrolu nad Demokratickou stranou. Pro prezidentské kandidáty vynalezl národní túru.[zdroj?] Ve svých třech účastech v prezidentských volbách podporoval v roce 1896 Svobodné stříbro, v roce 1900 antiimperialismus a v roce 1908 trust, odvolávaje se na Demokraty v případech, kdy jsou korporace chráněny. Chtěl obnovit státní práva bojovat proti trustům a velkým bankám, chopil se populistických myšlenek. V roce 1913 ho prezident Woodrow Wilson jmenoval ministrem zahraničí, ale to, jak se Wilson zachoval v roce 1915 po krizi Lusitánie donutila Bryana na protest odstoupit.

Ve 20. letech byl silným podporovatelem prohibice, ale nejznámějším je asi pro svoje křížové výpravy proti darwinismu, což vyvrcholilo v tzv. Opičím procesu v roce 1925. Pět dní poté, co byl případ uzavřen, zemřel Bryan ve spánku. Pohřben je na Arlingtonském národním hřbitově.

Citáty William Jennings Bryan

„Destiny is not a matter of chance; it is a matter of choice. It is not a thing to be waited for; it is a thing to be achieved.“

— William Jennings Bryan
"America's Mission", speech delivered by the leader of the Democratic Party at the Washington Day banquet given by the Virginia Democratic Association at Washington, D.C., (22 February 1899), as published in [http://www.forgottenbooks.com/readbook_text/The_Book_of_Public_Speaking_v2_1000538531/149 The Book of Public Speaking (Vol. 2)]

„You cannot judge a man's life by the success of a moment, by the victory of an hour, or even by the results of a year. You must view his life as a whole.“

— William Jennings Bryan
Context: You cannot judge a man's life by the success of a moment, by the victory of an hour, or even by the results of a year. You must view his life as a whole. You must stand where you can see the man as he treads the entire path that leads from the cradle to the grave — now crossing the plain, now climbing the steeps, now passing through pleasant fields, now wending his way with difficulty between rugged rocks — tempted, tried, tested, triumphant. "The Law and the Gospel" (1896)

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„Character is the entity, the individuality of the person, shining from every window of the soul, either as a beam of purity, or as a clouded ray that betrays the impurity within.“

— William Jennings Bryan
Context: Character is the entity, the individuality of the person, shining from every window of the soul, either as a beam of purity, or as a clouded ray that betrays the impurity within. The contest between light and darkness, right and wrong, goes on; day by day, hour by hour, moment by moment, our characters are being formed, and this is the all-important question which comes to us in accents ever growing fainter as we journey from the cradle to the grave, "Shall those characters be good or bad?"

„Appearance too often takes the place of reality — the stamp of the coin is there, and the glitter of the gold, but, after all, it is but a worthless wash.“

— William Jennings Bryan
Context: Appearance too often takes the place of reality — the stamp of the coin is there, and the glitter of the gold, but, after all, it is but a worthless wash. Sham is carried into every department of life, and we are being corrupted by show and surface. We are too apt to judge people by what they have, rather than by what they are; we have too few Hamlets who are bold enough to proclaim, "I know not seem!"

„In this, our land, we are called upon to give but little in return for the advantages which we receive. Shall we give that little grudgingly? Our definition of patriotism is often too narrow.“

— William Jennings Bryan
Context: In this, our land, we are called upon to give but little in return for the advantages which we receive. Shall we give that little grudgingly? Our definition of patriotism is often too narrow. Shall the lover of his country measure his loyalty only by his service as a soldier? No! Patriotism calls for the faithful and conscientious performance of all of the duties of citizenship, in small matters as well as great, at home as well as upon the tented field. "The Jury System" (February 1890)

„You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.“

— William Jennings Bryan
Context: If they dare to come out in the open field and defend the gold standard as a good thing, we will fight them to the uttermost. Having behind us the producing masses of this nation and the world, supported by the commercial interests, the laboring interests and the toilers everywhere, we will answer their demand for a gold standard by saying to them: You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.

„There are those who believe that, if you will only legislate to make the well-to-do prosperous, their prosperity will leak through on those below. The Democratic idea, however, has been that if you legislate to make the masses prosperous, their prosperity will find its way up through every class which rests up on them.“

— William Jennings Bryan
Context: There are two ideas of government. There are those who believe that, if you will only legislate to make the well-to-do prosperous, their prosperity will leak through on those below. The Democratic idea, however, has been that if you legislate to make the masses prosperous, their prosperity will find its way up through every class which rests up on them.

„Patriotism calls for the faithful and conscientious performance of all of the duties of citizenship, in small matters as well as great, at home as well as upon the tented field.“

— William Jennings Bryan
Context: In this, our land, we are called upon to give but little in return for the advantages which we receive. Shall we give that little grudgingly? Our definition of patriotism is often too narrow. Shall the lover of his country measure his loyalty only by his service as a soldier? No! Patriotism calls for the faithful and conscientious performance of all of the duties of citizenship, in small matters as well as great, at home as well as upon the tented field. "The Jury System" (February 1890)

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„Plutocracy is abhorrent to a republic; it is more despotic than monarchy, more heartless than aristocracy, more selfish than bureaucracy. It preys upon the nation in time of peace and conspires against it in the hour of its calamity.“

— William Jennings Bryan
Context: And who can suffer injury by just taxation, impartial laws and the application of the Jeffersonian doctrine of equal rights to all and special privileges to none? Only those whose accumulations are stained with dishonesty and whose immoral methods have given them a distorted view of business, society and government. Accumulating by conscious frauds more money than they can use upon themselves, wisely distribute or safely leave to their children, these denounce as public enemies all who question their methods or throw a light upon their crimes. Plutocracy is abhorrent to a republic; it is more despotic than monarchy, more heartless than aristocracy, more selfish than bureaucracy. It preys upon the nation in time of peace and conspires against it in the hour of its calamity. Conscienceless, compassionless and devoid of wisdom, it enervates its votaries while it impoverishes its victims. It is already sapping the strength of the nation, vulgarizing social life and making a mockery of morals. The time is ripe for the overthrow of this giant wrong. In the name of the counting-rooms which it has denied; in the name of business honor which it has polluted; in the name of the home which it has despoiled; in the name of religion which it has disgraced; in the name of the people whom it has opprest, let us make our appeal to the awakened conscience of the nation. Address at Madison Square Garden, New York (30 August 1906), at a reception welcoming Bryan on his return from a year's trip around the world, published in [http://books.google.com/books?id=E0QOAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA90&vq=%22And+who+can+suffer+injury+by+just+taxation%22&source=gbs_search_r&cad=1_1 Speeches of William Jennings Bryan, Funk & Wagnalls, (1909), p. 90]

„This is not a contest between persons. The humblest citizen in all the land, when clad in the armor of a righteous cause, is stronger than all the hosts of error.“

— William Jennings Bryan
Context: This is not a contest between persons. The humblest citizen in all the land, when clad in the armor of a righteous cause, is stronger than all the hosts of error. I come to speak to you in defence of a cause as holy as the cause of liberty—the cause of humanity.

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