Bernard Lewis citáty

Bernard Lewis foto
1   0

Bernard Lewis

Datum narození: 31. květen 1916
Datum úmrtí: 19. květen 2018

Bernard Lewis, FBA byl britsko-americký historik, orientalista a politický komentátor. Byl emeritním profesorem zaměřujícím se na blízkovýchodní studia na Princetonské univerzitě. Byl odborníkem na dějiny islámu, vztahy mezi islámem a Západem a dějiny Osmanské říše. Vystudoval fakultu orientálních a afrických studií na Londýnské univerzitě. Při druhé světové válce sloužil v britské armádě a po ní se vrátil na Londýnskou univerzitu, kde začal vyučovat dějiny Blízkého východu. Dnes je považován za jednoho z největších západních expertů na Blízký východ. Byl mimo jiné známý veřejnými debatami s Edwardem Saidem.

Citáty Bernard Lewis

„WELT: Has anyone ever been able to invalidate your thesis that Europe will be Islamic at the end of the century?
Lewis: One argument would be that Muslims would soon adopt the demographic pattern of Europe. But I said anyway, provided the current trends of immigration and demography remain, then Europe will become Islamic. To be sure, there has been no major change in these trends.“

—  Bernard Lewis
Interviews, https://www.welt.de/print-welt/article211310/Europa-wird-islamisch.html WELT: Hat bisher jemand Ihre These, wonach Europa am Ende des Jahrhunderts islamisch sein werde, entkräften können? Lewis: Ein Argument wäre, daß Moslems bald das demographische Muster Europas übernehmen. Aber ich sagte ohnehin, sofern die aktuellen Trends der Immigration und Demographie bleiben, dann wird Europa islamisch werden. Freilich gab es bislang keine große Änderung in diesen Trends.

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„Of all these offenses the one that is most widely, frequently, and vehemently denounced is undoubtedly imperialism—sometimes just Western, sometimes Eastern (that is, Soviet) and Western alike. But the way this term is used in the literature of Islamic fundamentalists often suggests that it may not carry quite the same meaning for them as for its Western critics. In many of these writings the term "imperialist" is given a distinctly religious significance, being used in association, and sometimes interchangeably, with "missionary," and denoting a form of attack that includes the Crusades as well as the modern colonial empires. One also sometimes gets the impression that the offense of imperialism is not—as for Western critics—the domination by one people over another but rather the allocation of roles in this relationship. What is truly evil and unacceptable is the domination of infidels over true believers. For true believers to rule misbelievers is proper and natural, since this provides for the maintenance of the holy law, and gives the misbelievers both the opportunity and the incentive to embrace the true faith. But for misbelievers to rule over true believers is blasphemous and unnatural, since it leads to the corruption of religion and morality in society, and to the flouting or even the abrogation of God's law. This may help us to understand the current troubles in such diverse places as Ethiopian Eritrea, Indian Kashmir, Chinese Sinkiang, and Yugoslav Kossovo, in all of which Muslim populations are ruled by non-Muslim governments. It may also explain why spokesmen for the new Muslim minorities in Western Europe demand for Islam a degree of legal protection which those countries no longer give to Christianity and have never given to Judaism. Nor, of course, did the governments of the countries of origin of these Muslim spokesmen ever accord such protection to religions other than their own. In their perception, there is no contradiction in these attitudes. The true faith, based on God's final revelation, must be protected from insult and abuse; other faiths, being either false or incomplete, have no right to any such protection.“

—  Bernard Lewis
Books, The Roots of Muslim Rage (1990)

„The origins of secularism in the west may be found in two circumstances—in early Christian teachings and, still more, experience, which created two institutions, Church and State; and in later Christian conflicts, which drove the two apart. Muslims, too, had their religious disagreements, but there was nothing remotely approaching the ferocity of the Christian struggles between Protestants and Catholics, which devastated Christian Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and finally drove Christians in desperation to evolve a doctrine of the separation of religion from the state. Only by depriving religious institutions of coercive power, it seemed, could Christendom restrain the murderous intolerance and persecution that Christians had visited on followers of other religions and, most of all, on those who professed other forms of their own.Muslims experienced no such need and evolved no such doctrine. There was no need for secularism in Islam, and even its pluralism was very different from that of the pagan Roman Empire, so vividly described by Edward Gibbon when he remarked that "the various modes of worship, which prevailed in the Roman world, were all considered by the people, as equally true; by the philosopher, as equally false; and by the magistrate, as equally useful." Islam was never prepared, either in theory or in practice, to accord full equality to those who held other beliefs and practiced other forms of worship. It did, however, accord to the holders of partial truth a degree of practical as well as theoretical tolerance rarely paralleled in the Christian world until the West adopted a measure of secularism in the late-seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.“

—  Bernard Lewis
Books, The Roots of Muslim Rage (1990)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Podobní autoři

Liz Taylor foto
Liz Taylor13
britsko-americká herečka
Francis Scott Fitzgerald foto
Francis Scott Fitzgerald51
americký spisovatel
Marlene Dietrich foto
Marlene Dietrich22
německo-americká herečka a zpěvačka
Franklin Delano Roosevelt foto
Franklin Delano Roosevelt14
32. americký prezident
Isaac Bashevis Singer foto
Isaac Bashevis Singer7
polsko-židovsko-americký autor
Vladimir Nabokov foto
Vladimir Nabokov14
rusko-americký romanopisec, profesor
George Santayana foto
George Santayana25
20. století španělsko-americký filozof zabývající se pragma…
Ayn Rand foto
Ayn Rand14
rusko-americká spisovatelkyně a filozofka
Zsa Zsa Gabor foto
Zsa Zsa Gabor21
maďarsko-americká prominentka a herečka
Helen Keller foto
Helen Keller19
americká autorka a politická aktivistka
Dnešní výročí
Buddha foto
Buddha44
nepálský duchovní učitel na jehož učení bylo založeno Buddh… -563 - -483 př. n. l.
Chris Kyle foto
Chris Kyle10
americký voják 1974 - 2013
Pablo Picasso foto
Pablo Picasso47
španělský malíř, sochař, grafik, keramik a scénograf 1881 - 1973
Wilhelm Von Humboldt foto
Wilhelm Von Humboldt13
pruský filosof, vládní funkcionář, diplomat a zakladatel un… 1767 - 1835
Dalších 70 dnešních výročí
Podobní autoři
Liz Taylor foto
Liz Taylor13
britsko-americká herečka
Francis Scott Fitzgerald foto
Francis Scott Fitzgerald51
americký spisovatel
Marlene Dietrich foto
Marlene Dietrich22
německo-americká herečka a zpěvačka
Franklin Delano Roosevelt foto
Franklin Delano Roosevelt14
32. americký prezident
Isaac Bashevis Singer foto
Isaac Bashevis Singer7
polsko-židovsko-americký autor
x