John Dewey citáty

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John Dewey

Datum narození: 20. říjen 1859
Datum úmrtí: 1. červen 1952

John Dewey byl americký filozof, pedagog, psycholog a reformátor vzdělávání. Jeho myšlenky měly velký vliv nejen ve Spojených státech, ale i po celém světě. Je považován za jednoho ze zakladatelů filozofie pragmatismu. Je také znám jako otec funkcionální psychologie. Byl 93. nejcitovanějším psychologem ve 20. století.

„Myslíme, pouze když se setkáme s problémem.“

—  John Dewey

Zdroj: [Harris, Thomas A., Já jsem OK, ty jsi OK, PRAGMA, Praha, 1997, 80-7205-508-9, 223]

„Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.“

—  John Dewey

This is a paraphrase of an idea that Dewey expressed using other words in My Pedagogic Creed (1897) and Democracy and Education (1916); it is widely misattributed to Dewey as a quotation.
Cf. James William Norman, A Comparison of Tendencies in Secondary Education in England and the United States (New York: Teachers College, Columbia University, 1922), [//books.google.com/books?id=qrmgAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA140 p. 140] (emphasis added): "...there has for years been a strong and growing tendency in the United States under the leadership of Dewey, and more recently of Kilpatrick, to find an educational method correlative of democracy in society with the belief that education is life itself rather than a mere preparation for life, and that practice in democratic living is the best preparation for democracy."
Misattributed
Varianta: Education is a social process; education is growth; education is not preparation for life but is life itself.

„The only way to abolish war is to make peace heroic.“

—  John Dewey

James Hinton, Philosophy and Religion: Selections from the Manuscripts of the Late James Hinton, ed. Caroline Haddon, (2nd ed., London: 1884), [//books.google.com/books?id=DpxRAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA267 p. 267].
Widely misattributed on the internet to Dewey, who actually attributes it to Hinton in Human Nature and Conduct: An Introduction to Social Psychology (New York: 1922), [//books.google.com/books?id=Ws0RAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA115 p. 115].
Misattributed

„Democracy has to be born anew every generation, and education is its midwife.“

—  John Dewey

The Need of an Industrial Education in an Industrial Democracy (1916)
Misc. Quotes
Kontext: It is no accident that all democracies have put a high estimate upon education; that schooling has been their first care and enduring charge. Only through education can equality of opportunity be anything more than a phrase. Accidental inequalities of birth, wealth, and learning are always tending to restrict the opportunities of some as compared with those of others. Only free and continued education can counteract those forces which are always at work to restore, in however changed a form, feudal oligarchy. Democracy has to be born anew every generation, and education is its midwife.

„a problem well put is half solved.“

—  John Dewey

“The Pattern of Inquiry” from Logic: Theory of Inquiry
Logic: Theory of Inquiry (1938)
Varianta: It is a familiar and significant saying that a problem well put is half-solved.

„Every great advance in science has issued from a new audacity of imagination.“

—  John Dewey

The Quest for Certainty (1929), Ch. XI
Misc. Quotes
Zdroj: The Quest for Certainty: A Study of the Relation of Knowledge and Action

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