Julien Offray de La Mettrie citáty

Julien Offray de La Mettrie foto
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Julien Offray de La Mettrie

Datum narození: 12. prosinec 1709
Datum úmrtí: 11. listopad 1751
Další jména: Julien Offroy De La Mettrie

Julien Offray de La Mettrie [žylien ofré de la metrí] byl francouzský lékař a osvícenský filosof.

Fotka: Georg Friedrich Schmidt, Gallerix / Public domain

Citáty Julien Offray de La Mettrie

„Lidské tělo je stroj, který sám natahuje své pružiny, živý obraz nepřetržitého pohybu.“

—  Julien Offray de La Mettrie

Zdroj: [Plháková, Alena, Dějiny psychologie, Grada, 1, 2006, 80-247-0871-X, 46, česky]

„But this opinion is but an hypothesis which he tried to adjust to the light of faith“

—  Julien Offray de La Mettrie

Zdroj: The Natural History of the Soul (1745), Ch. V Concerning the Moving Force of Matter
Kontext: Descartes, a genius made to blaze new paths and to go astray in them, supposed with some other philosophers that God is the only efficient cause of motion, and that every instant He communicates motion to all bodies. But this opinion is but an hypothesis which he tried to adjust to the light of faith; and in so doing he was no longer attempting to speak as a philosopher or to philosophers. Above all he was not addressing those who can be convinced only by the force of evidence.<!--p.158

„This is then another new faculty which might exist only potentially in matter, like all the others“

—  Julien Offray de La Mettrie

Zdroj: The Natural History of the Soul (1745), Ch. VI Concerning the Sensitive Faculty of Matter
Kontext: [W]e must admit, with the same frankness, that we are ignorant whether matter has in itself the faculty of feeling, or only the power of acquiring it by those modifications or forms to which matter is susceptible; for it is true that this faculty of feeling appears only in organic bodies.
This is then another new faculty which might exist only potentially in matter, like all the others which have been mentioned; and this was the hypothesis of the ancients, whose philosophy, full of insight and penetration, deserves to be raised above the ruins of the philosophy of the moderns.<!--p.160

„We have now but to prove a third attribute: I mean the faculty of feeling“

—  Julien Offray de La Mettrie

Zdroj: The Natural History of the Soul (1745), Ch. VI Concerning the Sensitive Faculty of Matter
Kontext: We have now but to prove a third attribute: I mean the faculty of feeling which the philosophers of all centuries have found in this same substance.... [T]he Cartesians have made, in vain, to rob matter of this faculty. But in order to avoid insurmountable difficulties, they have flung themselves into a labyrinth from which they have thought to escape by this absurd system "that animals are pure machines."
An opinion so absurd has never gained admittance among philosophers... Experience gives us no less proof of the faculty of feeling in animals than of feeling in men.

„Among animals, some learn to speak and sing; they remember tunes, and strike the notes as exactly as a musician. Others, for instance the ape, show more intelligence… would it be absolutely impossible to teach the ape a language? I do not think so.“

—  Julien Offray de La Mettrie, kniha Man a Machine

Man a Machine (1747)
Kontext: Among animals, some learn to speak and sing; they remember tunes, and strike the notes as exactly as a musician. Others, for instance the ape, show more intelligence... would it be absolutely impossible to teach the ape a language? I do not think so.<!--pp.100-102

„If there is a revelation, it can not then contradict nature.“

—  Julien Offray de La Mettrie, kniha Man a Machine

p, 125
Man a Machine (1747)

„One needs only eyes to see the necessary influence of old age on reason.“

—  Julien Offray de La Mettrie, kniha Man a Machine

p, 125
Man a Machine (1747)

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