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Peter Gay

Datum narození: 20. červen 1923
Datum úmrtí: 12. květen 2015

Peter Gay, rodným jménem Peter Joachim Fröhlich byl americký historik židovského původu.

„Je pravdou, že všichni dnes mluví freudovským jazykem, ať už vědomě nebo ne.“

„Real situations are rarely clear-cut, real feelings often nests of ambivalence. This is something the adult learns to recognize and to tolerate, if he is fortunate; it is a strenuous insight from which he will regress at the first opportunity. That is why the liberal temper, which taught men to live with uncertainties and ambiguities, the most triumphant achievement of nineteenth-century culture, was so vulnerable to the assaults of cruder views of the world, to bigotry, chauvinism, and other coarse and simplistic classifications.“ Education of the Senses: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud

„The true hypocrite knows what he is doing, and does it to his own advantage. The unconscious hypocrite is simply man in civilization.“ Education of the Senses: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud

„Cotton Mather lusted all his life for the presidency of Harvard, a post his father had held, and which the son affected to despise, especially after others were chosen; he was a prig and a meddler; an unscrupulous ideologue and a windy orator; a scribbler who praised simplicity in flowery circumlocutions, so anxious to see his production in print that it might be said of him, with little fear of exaggeration, that he would rather lose his soul than misplace a manuscript.“ A Loss of Mastery: Puritan Historians in Colonial America

„The austere empiricism and scholarly imagination of the Warburg style were the very antithesis of the brutal anti-intellectualism and vulgar mysticism threatening to barbarize German culture in the 1920s; this was Weimar at its best.“ Weimar Culture: The Outsider as Insider

„Both as unique event and as linked to others, an experience is thus more than a naked wish or a casual perception; it is an organization of passionate demands, persistent ways of seeing, and objective realities that will not be denied.“ Education of the Senses: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud

„Excellence was the best revenge.“ Education of the Senses: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud

„the Vernunftrepublikaner the Republic was, in a sense, the punishment that the Germans, aristocrats and bourgeois, deserved; it was infinitely preferable to the barbarism of the right and the irresponsibility of the left;“ Weimar Culture: The Outsider as Insider

„The career of libido, as Freud mapped it out, did more than explain the origins of neuroses, of perversions, and of normal erotic gratification. It also explained ways of feeling and modes of acting that had hitherto seemed quite remote from sexuality: the child's rage at its newborn sibling, the adolescent's volatile friendships, the spinster's unappeasable fear of sexual assault, the pacifist's bellicose love of peace, the fanatic's foaming proselytizing, the fat man's uncontrollable overeating. Beyond that, it could illuminate inquiries and activities, like folklore and history, art and politics, presumably innocent of erotic urges. Psychoanalysis first made it possible to think systematically about so comprehensive, complex and elusive a world of experience as bourgeois love, about the paths, and obstructions, to the confluence of its two currents.“ The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud Volume 2: The Tender Passion

„The unmeasured hopes and fears of middle-class sufferers were often a none-too-subtle kind of transference. They invested the physician with all the attributes of a caring, all-knowing father, almost a manufactured deity, only to be disappointed over and over again. With them, expectations of the physician's omnipotence alternated with contempt for his impotence, and they irrationally idolized or irrationally execrated him.“ Education of the Senses: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud

„All cultures, we know, place boundaries around the passions; they construct powerful defenses against murder and incest, to say nothing of derivative transgressions. In complex cultures like nineteenth-century Europe and America, these boundaries are sure to be complex as well, broken through by facilitating openings and strengthened by special obstructions. Segments of culture, like religious denominations or classes, add prohibitions of their own. These boundaries and these obstructions are far harder to map than self-appointed spokesmen for morality and restraint, the border guards of civilization, would make it appear; their regulations and their pronouncements tend to depict wishes rather than realities.“ Education of the Senses: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud

„The ego is continuously, zealously, in search of the world. Compelled to navigate among beacons emitting conflicting and fragmentary signals and exposed to internal pressures of its own, it seeks to extract as much information from its sensations and perceptions as it can. It works to ward off dangers and to repeat pleasures. It organizes, with impressive efficiency, the individual's capacities for response and his encounters with men and things. It reasons, calculates, remembers, compares, thus equipping men to grope their way toward the future. Its appraisals are never beyond suspicion; they are bound to be distorted by conflicts and compromised by traumas. Thus the outside world never really enters the mind unscathed; the impressions with which the individual must work are so many mental representations of the real thing. But the ego, obeying its appetite for experience, bravely continues to determine what is and more difficult, what can be.“ Education of the Senses: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud

„Freud never questioned the powerful participation of objective realities in the very constitution of human experience. Love, as he put it late in life, seeks objects. So does hatred. And those objects are external, not internal, agents of experience.“ Education of the Senses: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud

„The notion that scientific truth directly fosters moral goodness — a legacy of gifted but in this respect misguided amateurs of science like Diderot and Goethe — was receding in the nineteenth century before positivistic procedures which sharply differentiated facts from values.“ Education of the Senses: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud

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