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Peter Singer

Datum narození: 6. červenec 1946

Peter Singer je australský filosof a aktivista. Je profesorem univerzity v Melbourne a Princeton University. Těžištěm jeho zájmu je aplikovaná etika, především bioetika; filosofickým východiskem pak striktní utilitarismus.

Peter Singer je znám jednak jako zastánce práv zvířat , jednak jako obhájce euthanasie, potratů či usmrcování dětí narozených s těžkým postižením.


„Ti, kteří prostřednictvím svého nákupu vyžadují zabíjení zvířat, nemají právo být chráněni před realitou jatek či jakýmkoli jiným aspektem produkce masa, které si kupují. Pokud lidem připadá tak odporné o takových věcech jenom přemýšlet, jaké to musí být pro zvířata, která tuto realitu zakoušejí?“

„Odborníci ve výživě už dlouho nediskutují o tom, je-li maso pro výživu podstatné. Shodují se v tom, že není. Mají-li dnes lidé běžně pochybnosti, že se bez masa neobejdou, vyvěrají tyto pochybnosti z neznalosti.“


„To protest about bullfighting in Spain, the eating of dogs in South Korea, or the slaughter of baby seals in Canada while continuing to eat eggs from hens who have spent their lives crammed into cages, or veal from calves who have been deprived of their mothers, their proper diet, and the freedom to lie down with their legs extended, is like denouncing apartheid in South Africa while asking your neighbors not to sell their houses to blacks.“ Animal Liberation

„All the arguments to prove man's superiority cannot shatter this hard fact: in suffering the animals are our equals.“

„If possessing a higher degree of intelligence does not entitle one human to use another for his or her own ends, how can it entitle humans to exploit non-humans?“ Animal Liberation

„What one generation finds ridiculous, the next accepts; and the third shudders when it looks back on what the first did.“

„The notion that human life is sacred just because it is human life is medieval.“

„We are, quite literally, gambling with the future of our planet- for the sake of hamburgers“ Animal Liberation


„If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it.“

„Hebrew word for "charity" tzedakah, simply means "justice" and as this suggests, for Jews, giving to the poor is no optional extra but an essential part of living a just life.“ The Life You Can Save: Acting Now to End World Poverty

„Were we incapable of empathy – of putting ourselves in the position of others and seeing that their suffering is like our own – then ethical reasoning would lead nowhere. If emotion without reason is blind, then reason without emotion is impotent.“ Writings on an Ethical Life

„Forests and meat animals compete for the same land. The prodigious appetite of the affluent nations for meat means that agribusiness can pay more than those who want to preserve or restore the forest. We are, quite literally, gambling with the future of our planet – for the sake of hamburgers“ Animal Liberation


„As far as food is concerned, the great extravagance is not caviar or truffles, but beef, pork and poultry. Some 38 percent of the world's grain crop is now fed to animals, as well as large quantities of soybeans. There are three times as many domestic animals on this planet as there are human beings. The combined weight of the world's 1.28 billion cattle alone exceeds that of the human population. While we look darkly at the number of babies being born in poorer parts of the world, we ignore the over-population of farm animals, to which we ourselves contribute... [t]hat, however, is only part of the damage done by the animals we deliberately breed. The energy intensive factory farming methods of the industrialised nations are responsible for the consumption of huge amounts of fossil fuels. Chemical fertilizers, used to grow the feed crops for cattle in feedlots and pigs and chickens kept indoors in sheds, produce nitrous oxide, another greenhouse gas. Then there is the loss of forests. Everywhere, forest-dwellers, both human and non-human, can be pushed out. Since 1960, 25 percent of the forests of Central America have been cleared for cattle. Once cleared, the poor soils will support grazing for a few years; then the graziers must move on. Shrub takes over the abandoned pasture, but the forest does not return. When the forests are cleared so the cattle can graze, billions of tons of carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere. Finally, the world's cattle are thought to produce about 20 percent of the methane released into the atmosphere, and methane traps twenty-five times as much heat from the sun as carbon dioxide. Factory farm manure also produces methane because, unlike manured dropped naturally in the fields, it dies not decompose in the presence of oxygen. All of this amounts to a compelling reason... for a plant based diet.“ Practical Ethics

„To give preference to the life of a being simply because that being is a member of our species would put us in the same position as racists who give preference to those who are members of their race.“ Practical Ethics

„People may hope that the meat they buy came from an animal who died without pain, but they do not really want to know about it. Yet those who, by their purchases, require animals to be killed do not deserve to be shielded from this or any other aspect of the production of the meat they buy.“ Animal Liberation

„We have to speak up on behalf of those who cannot speak for themselves.“ Animal Liberation

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