„We were clever enough to turn a laundry list into poetry.“

—  Umberto Eco, kniha Foucaultovo kyvadlo

Zdroj: Foucault's Pendulum

„It was awkward, revisiting a world you have never seen before: like coming home, after a long journey, to someone else’s house.“

—  Umberto Eco, kniha The Mysterious Flame of Queen Loana

Zdroj: The Mysterious Flame of Queen Loana

„We live for books.“

—  Umberto Eco, kniha Jméno růže

Benno of Uppsala
The Name of the Rose (1980)

„Books are not made to be believed, but to be subjected to inquiry.“

—  Umberto Eco, kniha Jméno růže

William of Baskerville
Zdroj: The Name of the Rose (1980)
Kontext: Books are not made to be believed, but to be subjected to inquiry. When we consider a book, we mustn't ask ourselves what it says but what it means...

„To survive, you must tell stories.“

—  Umberto Eco, kniha The Island of the Day Before

The Island of the Day Before

„Ur-Fascism is based upon a selective populism, a qualitative populism, one might say.“

—  Umberto Eco

Ur-Fascism (1995)
Kontext: Ur-Fascism is based upon a selective populism, a qualitative populism, one might say. In a democracy, the citizens have individual rights, but the citizens in their entirety have a political impact only from a quantitative point of view—one follows the decisions of the majority. For Ur-Fascism, however, individuals as individuals have no rights, and the People is conceived as a quality, a monolithic entity expressing the Common Will. Since no large quantity of human beings can have a common will, the Leader pretends to be their interpreter. Having lost their power of delegation, citizens do not act; they are only called on to play the role of the People. Thus the People is only a theatrical fiction. To have a good instance of qualitative populism we no longer need the Piazza Venezia in Rome or the Nuremberg Stadium. There is in our future a TV or Internet populism, in which the emotional response of a selected group of citizens can be presented and accepted as the Voice of the People.

„Fascism became an all-purpose term because one can eliminate from a fascist regime one or more features, and it will still be recognizable as fascist.“

—  Umberto Eco

Ur-Fascism (1995)
Kontext: Fascism became an all-purpose term because one can eliminate from a fascist regime one or more features, and it will still be recognizable as fascist. Take away imperialism from fascism and you still have Franco and Salazar. Take away colonialism and you still have the Balkan fascism of the Ustashes. Add to the Italian fascism a radical anti-capitalism (which never much fascinated Mussolini) and you have Ezra Pound. Add a cult of Celtic mythology and the Grail mysticism (completely alien to official fascism) and you have one of the most respected fascist gurus, Julius Evola... But in spite of this fuzziness, I think it is possible to outline a list of features that are typical of what I would like to call Ur-Fascism, or Eternal Fascism.

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