Arthur Wellesley Wellington citáty

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Arthur Wellesley Wellington

Datum narození: 1. květen 1769
Datum úmrtí: 14. září 1852
Další jména: Arthur Wellesley, I duca di Wellington, Duca di Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1. vévoda z Wellingtonu byl britský vojevůdce a státník. Narodil se v Irsku a od roku 1787 sloužil v britské armádě jako Ensign . V Irsku později sloužil jako pobočník dvou správců Irska a byl zvolen poslancem Irského parlamentu. Jako plukovník bojoval v Nizozemsku a Indii a byl jmenován guvernérem Seringapatamu a Mysore.

Získal vynikající pověst jako generál ve španělské válce za nezávislost a po vítězství spojeneckých armád nad Francouzi roku 1813 v bitvě u Vitorie byl jmenován polním maršálkem. Roku 1815 vedl spojenecká vojska, která porazila Napoleona Bonaparteho v bitvě u Waterloo.

Dvakrát vykonával funkci premiéra vlády Toryů a podílel se roku 1829 na přijetí zákona zabezpečujícího emancipaci katolíků. Byl odpůrcem reformy volebních obvodů do parlamentu, ale nedokázal zabránit přijetí zákona, který prováděl jejich úpravu. Až do konce svého života byl vrchním velitelem britské armády a členem Sněmovny lordů.

Citáty Arthur Wellesley Wellington

„It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Remark to Thomas Creevey (18 June 1815), using the word nice in an older sense of "uncertain, delicately balanced", about the Battle of Waterloo. Creevy, a civilian, got a public interview with Wellington at headquarters, and quoted the remark in his book Creevey Papers (1903), in Ch. X, on p. 236; the phrase "a damned nice thing" has sometimes been paraphrased as "a damn close-run thing."
Kontext: It has been a damned serious business... Blucher and I have lost 30,000 men. It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life. … By God! I don't think it would have been done if I had not been there.

„The history of a battle, is not unlike the history of a ball. Some individuals may recollect all the little events of which the great result is the battle won or lost, but no individual can recollect the order in which, or the exact moment at which, they occurred, which makes all the difference as to their value or importance...“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Letter to John Croker (8 August 1815), as quoted in The History of England from the Accession of James II (1848) by Thomas Babington Macaulay, Volume I Chapter 5 http://www.worldwideschool.org/library/books/hst/european/TheHistoryofEnglandfromtheAccessionofJamesIIVol1/chap5.html, p. 180.; and in The Waterloo Letters (1891) edited by H. T. Sibome

„Believe me, nothing except a battle lost can be half so melancholy as a battle won: the bravery of my troops hitherto saved me from the greater evil; but to win such a battle as this of Waterloo, at the expens of so many gallant friends, could only be termed a heavy misfortune but for the result to the public.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Letter from the field of Waterloo (June 1815), as quoted in Decisive Battles of the World (1899) by Edward Shepherd Creasy. Quoted too in Memorable Battles in English History: Where Fought, why Fought, and Their Results; with the Military Lives of the Commanders by William Henry Davenport Adams; Editor Griffith and Farran, 1863. p. 400.
Kontext: My heart is broken by the terrible loss I have sustained in my old friends and companions and my poor soldiers. Believe me, nothing except a battle lost can be half so melancholy as a battle won: the bravery of my troops hitherto saved me from the greater evil; but to win such a battle as this of Waterloo, at the expens of so many gallant friends, could only be termed a heavy misfortune but for the result to the public.

„Napoleon has humbugged me, by God“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

At the Duchess of Richmond's ball (15 June 1815), as quoted in Camps, Quarters, and Casual Places http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/9460 (1896) by Archibald Forbes, quotes Captain Bowles account and citing the Letters of the First Earl of Malmesbury.
Kontext: Napoleon has humbugged me, by God; he has gained twenty-four hours' march on me.

„It has been a damned serious business“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Remark to Thomas Creevey (18 June 1815), using the word nice in an older sense of "uncertain, delicately balanced", about the Battle of Waterloo. Creevy, a civilian, got a public interview with Wellington at headquarters, and quoted the remark in his book Creevey Papers (1903), in Ch. X, on p. 236; the phrase "a damned nice thing" has sometimes been paraphrased as "a damn close-run thing."
Kontext: It has been a damned serious business... Blucher and I have lost 30,000 men. It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life. … By God! I don't think it would have been done if I had not been there.

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„I believe I forgot to tell you I was made a Duke.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Postscript to a letter to his brother Henry Wellesley (22 May 1814), published in Supplementary Despatches and Memoranda of Field Marshal Arthur, Duke of Wellington, K. G.: South of France, embassy to Paris, and Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815. Editors: Arthur Richard Wellesley Duke of Wellington, Arthur Richard Wellesley Wellington (2d Duke of). Editor: J. Murray, 1862. Origin of the original: Universidad de Michigan. Digitized: 28 November 2006. p. 100. Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington

„We always have been, we are, and I hope that we always shall be, detested in France.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

As quoted in Wellington and His Friends (1965) by Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington, p. 138, and in The Economist (16 June 2005) http://www.economist.com/printedition/displayStory.cfm?story_id=4079435

„I have no small talk and Peel has no manners.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

As quoted in Collections and Recollections (1898) by G. W. E. Russell, ch.14.

„If you believe that you will believe anything.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

In reply to a man who greeted him in the street with the words "Mr. Jones, I believe?", as quoted in Wellington — The Years of the Sword (1969) by Elizabeth Longford.

„I should have given more praise.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

As quoted in A History of Warfare (1968) by Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein: "Sir Winston Churchill once told me of a reply made by the Duke of Wellington, in his last years, when a friend asked him: "If you had your life over again, is there any way in which you could have done better?" The old Duke replied: "Yes, I should have given more praise."

„The French system of conscription brings together a fair sample of all classes; ours is composed of the scum of the earth — the mere scum of the earth. It is only wonderful that we should be able to make so much out of them afterwards.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Speaking about soldiers in the British Army, 4 November 1813
A French army is composed very differently from ours. The conscription calls out a share of every class — no matter whether your son or my son — all must march; but our friends — I may say it in this room — are the very scum of the earth. People talk of their enlisting from their fine military feeling — all stuff — no such thing. Some of our men enlist from having got bastard children — some for minor offences — many more for drink; but you can hardly conceive such a set brought together, and it really is wonderful that we should have made them the fine fellows they are.
Notes for 11 November 1831.

„There is no mistake; there has been no mistake; and there shall be no mistake.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

In response to William Huskisson declaring there had been a mistake, and he had not intended to resign, after Wellington chose to interpret a letter to him detailing his obligation to vote for a measure opposed by him as a letter of resignation. As quoted in The Military and Political Life of Arthur Wellesley: Duke of Wellington (1852) by "A Citizen of the World", and in Wellingtoniana (1852), edited by John Timbs.

„All the business of war, and indeed all the business of life, is to endeavour to find out what you don't know by what you do; that's what I called "guessing what was at the other side of the hill."“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Statement in conversation with John Croker https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wilson_Croker and Croker's wife (4 September 1852), as quoted in The Croker Papers: The Correspondence and Diaries of the Late Right Honourable John Wilson Croker, LL.Dm F.R.S, Secretary of the Admiralty from 1809 to 1830 (1884), edited by Louis J. Jennings, Vol.III, p. 276.

„I used to say of him that his presence on the field made the difference of forty thousand men.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

On Napoleon Bonaparte, in notes for 2 November 1831; later, in the notes for 18 September 1836, he is quoted as saying:
It is very true that I have said that I considered Napoleon's presence in the field equal to forty thousand men in the balance. This is a very loose way of talking; but the idea is a very different one from that of his presence at a battle being equal to a reinforcement of forty thousand men.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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