Chester William Nimitz citáty

Chester William Nimitz foto
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Chester William Nimitz

Datum narození: 24. únor 1885
Datum úmrtí: 20. únor 1966

Chester William Nimitz byl americký admirál a v letech 1945 – 1947 i nejvyšší velitel amerického vojenského námořnictva.

Námořní akademii v Annapolisu absolvoval v roce 1905. Po službě na Filipínach byl v roce 1909 přeřazen k ponorkám. V roce 1912 se stal velitelem atlantické ponorkové flotily a o rok později absolvoval stáž v Německu, kde se věnoval hlavně studiu naftových ponorkových motorů. Během první světové války působil v hlavním štábu ponorkového loďstva.

Od roku 1941 byl nejvyšším velitelem tichomořského loďstva. V červnu roku 1942 dosáhl důležitého vítězství v bitvě u Midwayských ostrovů a v srpnu téhož roku řídil vylodění na Guadalcanalu. V letech 1943 – 1944 byl velitelem dalších vyloďovacích operací v Tichomoří .

V roce 1944 dosáhl spolu s admirály Leahym a Kingem nejvyšší námořnické hodnosti v amerických námořních silách – stal se pětihvězdičkovým admirálem , která v americkém vojenském systému de facto označovala velkoadmirála. Po druhé světové válce nebyla už nikdy tato nejvyšší hodnost použita.

V roce 1945 se spolu s Douglasem McArthurem zúčastnil kapitulace Japonska. V témže roce též nahradil ve funkci vrchního velitele americké floty Ernesta Kinga. Tuto funkci zastával do roku 1947, kdy odešel do důchodu.

Na konci roku 1965 prodělal mozkovou mrtvici zkomplikovanou zápalem plic, v lednu 1966 byl propuštěn z nemocnice a večer 20. února 1966 zemřel na ostrově Yerba Buena v Sanfranciské zátoce.

V 70. letech byla nová americká nukleární letadlová loď pojmenována na jeho počest USS Nimitz a podle ní i následující třída letadlových lodí nese označení třída Nimitz. Wikipedia

Citáty Chester William Nimitz

„Bože, dej mi sílu nikdy nevzdat to, co je podle mne správné - i když si myslím, že je to beznadějné.“

—  Chester William Nimitz

Zdroj: [Kalendárium, ceskatelevize.cz, 2011-03-22, http://www.ceskatelevize.cz/porady/1095927644-kalendarium/3153-vyhledavani/?searchType=date&kMonth=02&kDay=11]

„Hindsight is notably cleverer than foresight.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Quoted in The Magnificent Mitscher by Theodore Taylor, p. 266

„The U. S.'s major strength factor and weapon is its economy. If you cripple it, you cripple the military.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

As quoted in "According to Plan" in TIME magazine (13 March 1950) http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,812125,00.html

„We shall never forget that it was our submarines that held the lines against the enemy while our fleets replaced losses and repaired wounds.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

As quoted in Historic Ship Exhibits in the United States (1969), by United States Naval History Division, United States Navy, p. 24

„Pearl Harbor has now been partially avenged.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

After the Battle of Midway, CINCPAC Communiqué No. 3, (6 June 1942)
Kontext: Through the skill and devotion to duty of their armed forces of all branches in the Midway area our citizens can now rejoice that a momentous victory is in the making.
It was on a Sunday just six months ago that the Japanese made their peace‑time attack on our fleet and army activities on Oahu. At that time they created heavy damage, it is true, but their act aroused the grim determination of our citizenry to avenge such treachery, and it raised, not lowered, the morale of our fighting men.
Pearl Harbor has now been partially avenged. Vengeance will not be complete until Japanese sea power has been reduced to impotence. We have made substantial progress in that direction. Perhaps we will be forgiven if we claim we are about midway to our objective!

„It is to the everlasting honor and glory of our submarine personnel that they never failed us in our days of peril.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Foreword, in United States Submarine Operations in World War II. (1949) by Theodore Roscoe, p. v
Kontext: When I assumed command of the Pacific Fleet in 31 December, 1941; our submarines were already operating against the enemy, the only units of the Fleet that could come to grips with the Japanese for months to come.
It was to the Submarine Force that I looked to carry the load until our great industrial activity could produce the weapons we so sorely needed to carry the war to the enemy. It is to the everlasting honor and glory of our submarine personnel that they never failed us in our days of peril.

„Our armament must be adequate to the needs, but our faith is not primarily in these machines of defense but in ourselves.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Speech at the University of California, Berkeley (22 March 1950)
Kontext: That is not to say that we can relax our readiness to defend ourselves. Our armament must be adequate to the needs, but our faith is not primarily in these machines of defense but in ourselves.

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„United we fought and united we prevail.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Statement broadcast to the United States and the Pacific Fleet, after ceremonies in Tokyo Bay accepting the official surrender of Japan (2 September 1945)
Kontext: On board all vessels at sea and in port, and at our many island bases in the Pacific, there is rejoicing and thanksgiving. The long and bitter struggle, which Japan started so treacherously on the 7th of December 1941, is at an end.
I take great pride in the American forces which have helped to win this victory. America can be proud of them. The officers and men of the United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and merchant marine who fought in the Pacific have written heroic new chapters in this Nation's military history. I have infinite respect for their courage, resourcefulness, and devotion to duty. We also acknowledge the great contribution to this victory made by our valiant Allies. United we fought and united we prevail.
The port of Tokyo, which was first opened by Commodore Perry in 1853, is now crowded with United States men-of-war. The process of bringing Japan into the family of civilized nations, which was interrupted when Japan launched her program of conquest, will soon begin again.

„Through the skill and devotion to duty of their armed forces of all branches in the Midway area our citizens can now rejoice that a momentous victory is in the making.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

After the Battle of Midway, CINCPAC Communiqué No. 3, (6 June 1942)
Kontext: Through the skill and devotion to duty of their armed forces of all branches in the Midway area our citizens can now rejoice that a momentous victory is in the making.
It was on a Sunday just six months ago that the Japanese made their peace‑time attack on our fleet and army activities on Oahu. At that time they created heavy damage, it is true, but their act aroused the grim determination of our citizenry to avenge such treachery, and it raised, not lowered, the morale of our fighting men.
Pearl Harbor has now been partially avenged. Vengeance will not be complete until Japanese sea power has been reduced to impotence. We have made substantial progress in that direction. Perhaps we will be forgiven if we claim we are about midway to our objective!

„The basic objectives and principles of war do not change.
The final objective in war is the destruction of the enemy's capacity and will to fight, and thereby force him to accept the imposition of the victor's will.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Employment of Naval Forces (1948)
Kontext: The basic objectives and principles of war do not change.
The final objective in war is the destruction of the enemy's capacity and will to fight, and thereby force him to accept the imposition of the victor's will. This submission has been accomplished in the past by pressure in and from each of the elements of land and sea, and during World War I and II, in and from the air as well. The optimum of pressure is exerted through that absolute control obtained by actual physical occupation. This optimum is obtainable only on land where physical occupation can be consolidated and maintained.

„Today all freedom-loving peoples of the world rejoice in the victory and feel pride in the accomplishments of our combined forces. We also pay tribute to those who defended our freedom at the cost of their lives.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Statement broadcast to the United States and the Pacific Fleet, after ceremonies in Tokyo Bay accepting the official surrender of Japan (2 September 1945); a portion of this is engraved on the National World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C.
Kontext: Today all freedom-loving peoples of the world rejoice in the victory and feel pride in the accomplishments of our combined forces. We also pay tribute to those who defended our freedom at the cost of their lives.
On Guam is a military cemetery in a green valley not far from my headquarters. The ordered rows of white crosses stand as reminders of the heavy cost we have paid for victory. On these crosses are the names of American soldiers, sailors and marines — Culpepper, Tomaino, Sweeney, Bromberg, Depew, Melloy, Ponziani — names that are a cross-section of democracy. They fought together as brothers in arms; they died together and now they sleep side by side. To them we have a solemn obligation — the obligation to insure that their sacrifice will help to make this a better and safer world in which to live. … Now we turn to the great tasks of reconstruction and restoration. I am confident that we will be able to apply the same skill, resourcefulness, and keen thinking to these problems as were applied to the problems of winning the victory.

„Our present undisputed control of the sea was achieved primarily through the employment of naval air-sea forces in the destruction of Japanese and German sea power.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Employment of Naval Forces (1948)
Kontext: Our present undisputed control of the sea was achieved primarily through the employment of naval air-sea forces in the destruction of Japanese and German sea power. It was consolidated by the subsequent reduction of these nations to their present impotence, in which the employment of naval air-sea forces against land objectives played a vital role. It can be perpetuated only through the maintenance of balanced naval forces of all categories adequate to our strategic needs (which include those of the non-totalitarian world), and which can flexibly adjust to new modes of air-sea warfare and which are alert to develop and employ new weapons and techniques as needed.

„Among the Americans serving on Iwo island, uncommon valor was a common virtue.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Statement after the Battle of Iwo Jima (c. March - May 1945); "UNCOMMON VALOR WAS A COMMON VIRTUE" has been inscribed on the USMC War Memorial.
Kontext: By their victory, the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine Divisions and other units of the Fifth Amphibious Corps have made an accounting to their country which only history will be able to value fully. Among the Americans serving on Iwo island, uncommon valor was a common virtue.

„On board all vessels at sea and in port, and at our many island bases in the Pacific, there is rejoicing and thanksgiving. The long and bitter struggle, which Japan started so treacherously on the 7th of December 1941, is at an end.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Statement broadcast to the United States and the Pacific Fleet, after ceremonies in Tokyo Bay accepting the official surrender of Japan (2 September 1945)
Kontext: On board all vessels at sea and in port, and at our many island bases in the Pacific, there is rejoicing and thanksgiving. The long and bitter struggle, which Japan started so treacherously on the 7th of December 1941, is at an end.
I take great pride in the American forces which have helped to win this victory. America can be proud of them. The officers and men of the United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and merchant marine who fought in the Pacific have written heroic new chapters in this Nation's military history. I have infinite respect for their courage, resourcefulness, and devotion to duty. We also acknowledge the great contribution to this victory made by our valiant Allies. United we fought and united we prevail.
The port of Tokyo, which was first opened by Commodore Perry in 1853, is now crowded with United States men-of-war. The process of bringing Japan into the family of civilized nations, which was interrupted when Japan launched her program of conquest, will soon begin again.

„Naval forces are able, without resorting to diplomatic channels, to establish offshore anywhere in the world, air fields completely equipped with machine shops, ammunition dumps, tank farms, warehouses, together with quarters and all types of accommodations for personnel.“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

Employment of Naval Forces (1948)
Kontext: Naval forces are able, without resorting to diplomatic channels, to establish offshore anywhere in the world, air fields completely equipped with machine shops, ammunition dumps, tank farms, warehouses, together with quarters and all types of accommodations for personnel. Such task forces are virtually as complete as any air base ever established. They constitute the only air bases that can be made available near enemy territory without assault and conquest; and furthermore, they are mobile offensive bases, that can be employed with the unique attributes of secrecy and surprise — which attributes contribute equally to their defensive as well as offensive effectiveness.

„Perhaps we will be forgiven if we claim we are about midway to our objective!“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

After the Battle of Midway, CINCPAC Communiqué No. 3, (6 June 1942)
Kontext: Through the skill and devotion to duty of their armed forces of all branches in the Midway area our citizens can now rejoice that a momentous victory is in the making.
It was on a Sunday just six months ago that the Japanese made their peace‑time attack on our fleet and army activities on Oahu. At that time they created heavy damage, it is true, but their act aroused the grim determination of our citizenry to avenge such treachery, and it raised, not lowered, the morale of our fighting men.
Pearl Harbor has now been partially avenged. Vengeance will not be complete until Japanese sea power has been reduced to impotence. We have made substantial progress in that direction. Perhaps we will be forgiven if we claim we are about midway to our objective!

„I felt that it was an unnecessary loss of civilian life…“

—  Chester W. Nimitz

On the use of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as quoted by his widow, who also stated that he had "always felt badly over the dropping of that bomb because he said we had Japan beaten already" in The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb and the Architecture of an American Myth (1995) by Gar Alperovitz
Kontext: I felt that it was an unnecessary loss of civilian life... We had them beaten. They hadn't enough food, they couldn't do anything.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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