Ernest André Gellner citáty

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Ernest André Gellner

Datum narození: 9. prosinec 1925
Datum úmrtí: 5. listopad 1995

Ernest André Gellner byl filosof, sociolog a sociální antropolog. Mezi Gellnerovy přínosy společenským vědám patří hlavně jeho teorie nacionalismu. Gellner však proslul více jako kritik než jako představitel nějaké významné teorie. Mezi cíle jeho mnohdy nevybíravé a jízlivé kritiky patřila psychoanalýza, marxismus nebo postmoderní filosofie. Jeho intelektuální postoje byly ovlivněny především pracemi sociálního antropologa Bronisława Malinowského, sociologa Maxe Webera a filosofa Karla Poppera, který Gellnera ovlivnil svým kritickým racionalismem.

Citáty Ernest André Gellner

„Civil Society is a cluster of institutions and associations strong enough to prevent tyranny, but which are, none the less, entered and left freely, rather than imposed by birth or sustained by awesome ritual.“

—  Ernest Gellner
Conditions of Liberty (1994), Context: Civil Society is a cluster of institutions and associations strong enough to prevent tyranny, but which are, none the less, entered and left freely, rather than imposed by birth or sustained by awesome ritual. You can join the Labour Party without slaughtering a sheep...

„When knowledge is the slave of social considerations, it defines a special class; when it serves its own ends only, it no longer does so.“

—  Ernest Gellner
Context: When knowledge is the slave of social considerations, it defines a special class; when it serves its own ends only, it no longer does so. There is of course a profound logic in this paradox: genuine knowledge is egalitarian in that it allows no privileged source, testers, messengers of Truth. It tolerates no privileged and circumscribed data. The autonomy of knowledge is a leveller. Plough, Sword and Book (1988)

„It is the Soft Porn of Irrationalism.“

—  Ernest Gellner
Context: Wittgenstein's appeal lies in the fact that he provides a strange kind of vindication of romanticism, of conceptual Gemeinschaft, of custom-based concepts rather than statute-seeking Reform, and that he does so through a very general theory of meaning, rather than from the premisses habitually used for this purpose. Because there is no unique formal notation valid for all speech, each and every culture is vindicated. One never knew that could be done — and so quickly too! It is that above all which endows his philosophy with such a capacity to attract and to repel. His mystique of consensual custom denies that anything can sit in judgment of our concepts, that some may be more rational and others less so. So all of them are in order and have nothing to fear from philosophy, as indeed he insists. This is a fairly mild form of irrationalism, invoking no fierce dark Gods, merely a consensual community. It is the Soft Porn of Irrationalism. Concepts and Community, in Relativism and the Social Sciences (1985)

„Philosophy is explicitness, generality, orientation and assessment.“

—  Ernest Gellner
Words and Things (1959), Context: Philosophy is explicitness, generality, orientation and assessment. That which one would insinuate, thereof one must speak. p. 265

„I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics.“

—  Ernest Gellner, kniha Anthropology and Politics
Anthropology and Politics (1995), Context: I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics. I am a liberal person opposed to all unnecessary state limitation of individual liberties. Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions. I know, only too well, what it would entail. Hermeneutic speakeasies would spring up all over the place, smuggled Thick Descriptions would be brought in by the lorry-load from Canada by the Mafia, blood and thick meaning would clot in the gutter as rival gangs of semiotic bootleggers slugged it out in a series of bloody shoot-outs and ambushes. Addicts would be subject to blackmail. Consumption of deep meanings and its attendant psychic consequences would in no way diminsh, but the criminal world would benefit, and the whole fabric of civil society would be put under severe strain. Never!

„Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions.“

—  Ernest Gellner, kniha Anthropology and Politics
Anthropology and Politics (1995), Context: I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics. I am a liberal person opposed to all unnecessary state limitation of individual liberties. Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions. I know, only too well, what it would entail. Hermeneutic speakeasies would spring up all over the place, smuggled Thick Descriptions would be brought in by the lorry-load from Canada by the Mafia, blood and thick meaning would clot in the gutter as rival gangs of semiotic bootleggers slugged it out in a series of bloody shoot-outs and ambushes. Addicts would be subject to blackmail. Consumption of deep meanings and its attendant psychic consequences would in no way diminsh, but the criminal world would benefit, and the whole fabric of civil society would be put under severe strain. Never!

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„Addicts would be subject to blackmail.“

—  Ernest Gellner, kniha Anthropology and Politics
Anthropology and Politics (1995), Context: I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics. I am a liberal person opposed to all unnecessary state limitation of individual liberties. Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions. I know, only too well, what it would entail. Hermeneutic speakeasies would spring up all over the place, smuggled Thick Descriptions would be brought in by the lorry-load from Canada by the Mafia, blood and thick meaning would clot in the gutter as rival gangs of semiotic bootleggers slugged it out in a series of bloody shoot-outs and ambushes. Addicts would be subject to blackmail. Consumption of deep meanings and its attendant psychic consequences would in no way diminsh, but the criminal world would benefit, and the whole fabric of civil society would be put under severe strain. Never!

„The way forward does not lie in amateur and comically timeless linguistic sociology which takes ‘forms of life’ for granted (and this is what philosophy has been recently), but in the systematic study of forms of life which does not take them for granted at all.“

—  Ernest Gellner
Context: The way forward does not lie in amateur and comically timeless linguistic sociology which takes ‘forms of life’ for granted (and this is what philosophy has been recently), but in the systematic study of forms of life which does not take them for granted at all. It hardly matters whether such an inquiry is called philosophy or sociology. The crisis in the humanities and in the mainstream of philosophy (1964), reprinted in The Devil in Modern Philosophy (1974)

„Capital, like capitalism, seems an overrated category.“

—  Ernest Gellner
Nations and Nationalism (1983), Chapter 7, A Typology Of Nationalism, p. 97

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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