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Jacques Maritain

Datum narození: 18. listopad 1882
Datum úmrtí: 28. duben 1973

Jacques Maritain [žak maritén] byl významný francouzský katolický filosof tomistické a personalistické inspirace, zastánce „integrálního křesťanského humanismu“ a lidské svobody. Velký význam měla jeho politická filosofie, včetně účasti při formulaci Deklarace lidských práv, a jeho estetika.


„Na světě není nic krásnějšího
než podivuhodná přátelství,
kterým Bůh dává vznikat
a která jsou odrazem
jeho nezištné a velkorysé lásky.“

„We do not need a truth to serve us, we need a truth that we can serve“ Degrees of Knowledge


„The sole philosophy open to those who doubt the possibility of truth is absolute silence -- even mental.“ An Introduction to Philosophy

„gratitude is the most exquisite form of courtesy.“

„Since art is a virtue of the intellect, it demands to communicate with the entire universe of the intellect. Hence it is that the normal climate of art is intelligence and knowledge: its normal soil, the civilized heritage of a consistent and integrated system of beliefs and values; its normal horizon, the infinity of human experience enlighted by the passionate insight of anguish or the intellectual virtues of a contemplative mind.“ Creative Intuition in Art and Poetry

„The more the poet grows, the deeper the level of creative intuition descends into the density of his soul. Where formerly he could be moved to song, he can do nothing now, he must dig deeper.“

„If books were judged by the bad uses man can put them to, what book has been more misused than the Bible?“

„The definition of Christian art is to be found in its subject and its spirit. Everything, sacred and profane, belongs to it. God does not ask for “religious” art or “Catholic” art. The art he wants for himself is Art, with all its teeth.“ Art and Scholasticism With Other Essays


„If at the present day it has found a warm welcome among certain circles in Europe, it is because all those who hope to derive from humanitarianism a moral code of human kindness for the acceptance of an atheistic society are already implicitly Buddhists.“ An Introduction to Philosophy

„It is not enough for a population or a section of the population to have Christian faith and be docile to the ministers of religion in order to be in a position properly to judge political matters. If this population has no political experience, no taste for seeing clearly for itself nor a tradition of initiative and critical judgment, its position with respect to politics grows more complicated, for nothing is easier for political counterfeiters than to exploit good principles for purposes of deception, and nothing is more disastrous than good principles badly applied. And moreover nothing is easier for human weakness than to merge religion with prejudices of race, family or class, collective hatreds, passions of a clan and political phantoms which compensate for the rigors of individual discipline in a pious but insufficiently purified soul. Politics deal with matters and interests of the world and they depend upon passions natural to man and upon reason. But the point I wish to make here is that without goodness, love and charity, all that is best in us—even divine faith, but passions and reason much more so—turns in our hands to an unhappy use. The point is that right political experience cannot develop in people unless passions and reason are oriented by a solid basis of collective virtues, by faith and honor and thirst for justice. The point is that, without the evangelical instinct and the spiritual potential of a living Christianity, political judgment and political experience are ill protected against the illusions of selfishness and fear; without courage, compassion for mankind and the spirit of sacrifice, the ever-thwarted advance toward an historical ideal of generosity and fraternity is not conceivable.“ Christianity And Democracy

„In periods when shallow speculation is rife, one might think that metaphysics would shine forth, at least, by the brilliance of its modest reserve. But the very age that is unaware of the majesty of metaphysics, likewise overlooks its poverty. Its majesty? It is wisdom. Its poverty? It is human science.“

„The spiritual experience of the philosopher is the nourishing soil of philosophy; that without it there is no philosophy; and that, even so, spiritual experience does not, or must not, enter into the intelligible texture of philosophy. The pulp of the fruit must consist of nothing but the truth.“ Existence & the Existent

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