Mao Ce-tung citáty
Datum narození: 26. prosinec 1893
Datum úmrtí: 9. září 1976
Mao Ce-tung byl od ledna 1935 tajemníkem a od roku 1943 předsedou Komunistické strany Číny. Zvítězil v občanské válce s nacionalisty a od roku 1949 byl nejvýznamnější osobností v nově vzniklé komunistické Čínské lidové republice, a to až do své smrti v roce 1976. Měl oficiální přezdívku Velký kormidelník. Spolu s Josifem Stalinem a Adolfem Hitlerem patří ke třem nejkrutějším diktátorům 20. století, připisuje se mu několik desítek milionů obětí, přesto se však dosud v Číně těší úctě; je například dosud vyobrazen na čínských bankovkách.
Citáty Mao Ce-tung
— Mao Ce-tung
Kniha: Mao's Last Revolution, autoři: MacFarquhar, Roderick y Schoenhals, Michael, vydavatel: The Belknap Press, 2006
„Knowledge begins with practice, and theoretical knowledge, which is acquired through practice, must then return to practice. The active function of knowledge manifests itself not only in the active leap from perceptual to rational knowledge, but - and this is more important - it must manifest itself in the leap from rational knowledge to revolutionary practice.“
„Today, two big mountains lie like a dead weight on the Chinese people. One is imperialism, the other is feudalism.“
— Mao Zedong
Context: There is an ancient Chinese fable called "The Foolish Old Man Who Removed the Mountains". It tells of an old man who lived in northern China long, long ago and was known as the Foolish Old Man of North Mountain. His house faced south and beyond his doorway stood the two great peaks, Taihang and Wangwu, obstructing the way. He called his sons, and hoe in hand they began to dig up these mountains with great determination. Another graybeard, known as the Wise Old Man, saw them and said derisively, "How silly of you to do this! It is quite impossible for you few to dig up those two huge mountains." The Foolish Old Man replied, "When I die, my sons will carry on; when they die, there will be my grandsons, and then their sons and grandsons, and so on to infinity. High as they are, the mountains cannot grow any higher and with every bit we dig, they will be that much lower. Why can't we clear them away?" Having refuted the Wise Old Man's wrong view, he went on digging every day, unshaken in his conviction. God was moved by this, and he sent down two angels, who carried the mountains away on their backs. Today, two big mountains lie like a dead weight on the Chinese people. One is imperialism, the other is feudalism. The Chinese Communist Party has long made up its mind to dig them up. We must persevere and work unceasingly, and we, too, will touch God's heart. Our God is none other than the masses of the Chinese people. If they stand up and dig together with us, why can't these two mountains be cleared away?
— Mao Zedong
Context: Every Communist must grasp the truth: Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun. Chapter 5 https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/works/red-book/ch05.htm, originally published in Problems of War and Strategy (November 6, 1938), Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 224.