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Maria Montessori

Datum narození: 31. srpen 1870
Datum úmrtí: 6. květen 1952

Maria Montessori byla všestranná italská pedagožka, filozofka a vědkyně. Je známa především svými novými pedagogickými metodami.


„Bez dítěte, jež mu neustále pomáhá obnovovat se, by člověk zdegeneroval.“

„Dětství koriguje naše sobectví ve prospěch primárnějších hodnot.“


„V okamžiku, kdy dítě udělá první krok, ocitá se na vyšším stupni interakce. Neustále se snaží svou nezávislost rozšířit. Chce všechno dělat samo... Jeho snahy jsou tak energické, že naší obvyklou reakcí je jejich zabrždění. Bohužel, pokud toto děláme, nebrzdíme dítě, ale samu přírodu, protože vůle dítěte sleduje vůli přírody a řídí se jejími zákony.“ Absorbující mysl, s. 66

„Imagination does not become great until human beings, given the courage and the strength, use it to create.“

„Our care of the child should be governed, not by the desire to make him learn things, but by the endeavor always to keep burning within him that light which is called intelligence.“

„It is not enough for the teacher to love the child. She must first love and understand the universe. She must prepare herself, and truly work at it.“

„We cannot know the consequences of suppressing a child's spontaneity when he is just beginning to be active. We may even suffocate life itself. That humanity which is revealed in all its intellectual splendor during the sweet and tender age of childhood should be respected with a kind of religious veneration. It is like the sun which appears at dawn or a flower just beginning to bloom. Education cannot be effective unless it helps a child to open up himself to life.“

„Never help a child with a task at which he feels he can succeed.“


„Establishing lasting peace is the work of education; all politics can do is keep us out of war.“

„The greatest sign of success for a teacher is to be able to say, "The children are now working as if I did not exist.“

„Within the child lies the fate of the future.“

„Of all things love is the most potent.“


„Scientific observation then has established that education is not what the teacher gives; education is a natural process spontaneously carried out by the human individual, and is acquired not by listening to words but by experiences upon the environment.“ Education For A New World

„Do not erase the designs the child makes in the soft wax of his inner life.“

„No social problem is as universal as the oppression of the child“

„Children are human beings to whom respect is due, superior to us by reason of their innocence and of the greater possibilities of their future.“

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