Milton Friedman citáty

Milton Friedman foto
12   17

Milton Friedman

Datum narození: 31. červenec 1912
Datum úmrtí: 16. listopad 2006

Milton Friedman byl americký ekonom, nositel Nobelovy ceny za ekonomii.

Díla

Capitalism and Freedom
Milton Friedman

Citáty Milton Friedman

„S úctou k platům učitelů, hlavním problém nespočívá v tom, že jsou v průměru příliš nízké – ve skutečnosti mohou být v průměru klidně i příliš vysoké – ale že jsou příliš jednotné a svazující. Špatní učitelé jsou značně přepláceni a dobří učitelé jsou značně nedoceněni. Platové tabulky mají sklon sjednocovat a řídit se věkem, dosaženými akademickými tituly a získanými osvědčeními spíš než skutečným přínosem.“

—  Milton Friedman, kniha Capitalism and Freedom

Originál: (en) With respect to teachers' salaries, the major problem is not that they are too low on the average – they may well be too high on the average – but they are too uniform and rigid. Poor teachers are grossly overpaid and good teachers grossly underpaid. Salary schedules tend to be uniform and determined far more by seniority, degrees recieved, and teaching certificates acquired than by merit.
Zdroj: [Friedman, Milton, Capitalism and Freedom, University of Chicago Press, 2009, 95]

„Existují čtyři způsoby jak utratit peníze. Můžete utratit své vlastní peníze sám pro sebe. Pak si dáváte dobrý pozor, co děláte, a snažíte se dostat co nejvíc. Potom můžete utratit své peníze pro někoho jiného. Například někomu koupím dárek k narozeninám, přitom se příliš nestarám o obsah, ale dávám pozor na na cenu. Také mohu utrácet cizí peníze pro sebe, to si zaručeně dopřeji dobrý oběd. A konečně, mohu utrácet cizí peníze pro někoho cizího. Pak je mi jedno za kolik a co vlastně dostanu. A to dělá vláda.“

—  Milton Friedman

Originál: (en) There are four ways in which you can spend money. You can spend your own money on yourself. When you do that, why then you really watch out what you’re doing, and you try to get the most for your money. Then you can spend your own money on somebody else. For example, I buy a birthday present for someone. Well, then I’m not so careful about the content of the present, but I’m very careful about the cost. Then, I can spend somebody else’s money on myself. And if I spend somebody else’s money on myself, then I’m sure going to have a good lunch! Finally, I can spend somebody else’s money on somebody else. And if I spend somebody else’s money on somebody else, I’m not concerned about how much it is, and I’m not concerned about what I get. And that’s government.
Zdroj: [Asman, David, Minding Other People's Business, FoxNews.com, 2014-06-29, 2007-02-03, http://www.foxnews.com/story/2007/02/03/minding-other-people-business/]

„Myslím, že vládní řešení problému je obvykle stejně špatné jako problém samotný a často jej ještě zhoršuje.“

—  Milton Friedman

Originál: (en) I think the government solution to a problem is usually as bad as the problem and very often makes the problem worse.
Zdroj: [Friedman, Milton, An Economist's Protest, Second Edition, 1975, 6]

„Ekonomie jako pozitivní věda je tělem zkusmo přijatých zevšeobecnění o ekonomických jevech, která mohou být používána pro předvídání následků změn okolností.“

—  Milton Friedman

Originál: (en) Economics as a positive science is a body of tentatively accepted generalizations about economic phenomena that can be used to predict the consequences of changes in circumstances.
Zdroj: [Friedman, Milton, The Methodology of Positive Economics, Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1966, https://web.archive.org/web/20081118134352/http://mikael.cozic.free.fr/friedman53%28extraits%29.pdf, 39]

„Historie nás přesvědčuje, že kapitalismus je nutnou podmínkou pro politickou svobodu. Zřetelně to není postačující podmínka.“

—  Milton Friedman, kniha Capitalism and Freedom

Originál: (en) History suggests only that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom. Clearly it is not a sufficient condition.
Zdroj: [Friedman, Milton, Capitalism and Freedom, University of Chicago Press, 2009, 10]

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„I am in favor of cutting taxes under any circumstances and for any excuse, for any reason, whenever it's possible.“

—  Milton Friedman

As quoted in Conservatives Betrayed: How George W. Bush and other big government Republicans hijacked the conservative cause (2006) by Richard A Viguerie, p. 46 <!-- similar to statement previously dated (16 September 2003) — but linked page indicates "interview" by John Hawkins dated 25 February 2012 http://www.rightwingnews.com/interviews/friedman.php : I am in favor of cutting taxes under any circumstances and for any excuse, for any reason, whenever it's possible. … because I believe the big problem is not taxes, the big problem is spending. The question is, "How do you hold down government spending?" Government spending now amounts to close to 40% of national income not counting indirect spending through regulation and the like. If you include that, you get up to roughly half. The real danger we face is that number will creep up and up and up. The only effective way I think to hold it down, is to hold down the amount of income the government has. The way to do that is to cut taxes. -->
Kontext: I am in favor of cutting taxes under any circumstances and for any excuse, for any reason, whenever it's possible. … because I believe the big problem is not taxes, the big problem is spending. I believe our government is too large and intrusive, that we do not get our money's worth for the roughly 40 percent of our income that is spent by government … How can we ever cut government down to size? I believe there is one and only one way: the way parents control spendthrift children, cutting their allowance. For government, that means cutting taxes.

„Nothing is so permanent as a temporary government program.“

—  Milton Friedman

Tyranny of the Status Quo, San Diego, CA: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich (1980) p. 115

„I am a libertarian with a small "l" and a Republican with a capital "R".“

—  Milton Friedman

Charlie Rose Show (November 2005) http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-921891628093252478&q=tvshow%3ACharlie_Rose
Kontext: I am a libertarian with a small "l" and a Republican with a capital "R". And I am a Republican with a capital "R" on grounds of expediency, not on principle.

„I want people to take thought about their condition and to recognize that the maintenance of a free society is a very difficult and complicated thing and it requires a self-denying ordinance of the most extreme kind.“

—  Milton Friedman

Interview with on The Open Mind (7 December 1975)
Kontext: I want people to take thought about their condition and to recognize that the maintenance of a free society is a very difficult and complicated thing and it requires a self-denying ordinance of the most extreme kind. It requires a willingness to put up with temporary evils on the basis of the subtle and sophisticated understanding that if you step in to do something about them you not only may make them worse, you will spread your tentacles and get bad results elsewhere.

„There's a sense in which all taxes are antagonistic to free enterprise … and yet we need taxes.“

—  Milton Friedman

As quoted in The Times Herald, Norristown, Pennsylvania (1 December 1978)
Kontext: There's a sense in which all taxes are antagonistic to free enterprise … and yet we need taxes. We have to recognize that we must not hope for a Utopia that is unattainable. I would like to see a great deal less government activity than we have now, but I do not believe that we can have a situation in which we don't need government at all. We do need to provide for certain essential government functions — the national defense function, the police function, preserving law and order, maintaining a judiciary. So the question is, which are the least bad taxes? In my opinion the least bad tax is the property tax on the unimproved value of land, the Henry George argument of many, many years ago.

„In my opinion the least bad tax is the property tax on the unimproved value of land, the Henry George argument of many, many years ago.“

—  Milton Friedman

As quoted in The Times Herald, Norristown, Pennsylvania (1 December 1978)
Kontext: There's a sense in which all taxes are antagonistic to free enterprise … and yet we need taxes. We have to recognize that we must not hope for a Utopia that is unattainable. I would like to see a great deal less government activity than we have now, but I do not believe that we can have a situation in which we don't need government at all. We do need to provide for certain essential government functions — the national defense function, the police function, preserving law and order, maintaining a judiciary. So the question is, which are the least bad taxes? In my opinion the least bad tax is the property tax on the unimproved value of land, the Henry George argument of many, many years ago.

„The existence of a free market does not of course eliminate the need for government.“

—  Milton Friedman, kniha Capitalism and Freedom

Zdroj: Capitalism and Freedom (1962), Ch. 1 The Relation Between Economic Freedom and Political Freedom, 2002 edition, page 15
Kontext: The existence of a free market does not of course eliminate the need for government. On the contrary, government is essential both as a forum for determining the "rule of the game" and as an umpire to interpret and enforce the rules decided on.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Podobní autoři

Saul Bellow foto
Saul Bellow3
kanadsko-americký spisovatel
John Steinbeck foto
John Steinbeck56
americký spisovatel, novelista
Ernest Hemingway foto
Ernest Hemingway90
americký spisovatel a novinář
Friedrich August von Hayek foto
Friedrich August von Hayek3
rakouský ekonom, nositel Nobelovy ceny, politolog a sociolog
Peter Drucker foto
Peter Drucker19
rakouský ekonom a spisovatel
William Faulkner foto
William Faulkner24
americký spisovatel
Ludwig von Mises foto
Ludwig von Mises4
Rakouský ekonom
John Maynard Keynes foto
John Maynard Keynes6
britský ekonom, tvůrce keynesiánství
Isaac Bashevis Singer foto
Isaac Bashevis Singer7
polsko-židovsko-americký autor
Pearl S.  Buck foto
Pearl S. Buck17
americká spisovatelka
Dnešní výročí
Frida Kahlo foto
Frida Kahlo12
mexická malířka 1907 - 1954
Jean Paul Marat foto
Jean Paul Marat6
politik a novinář během francouzské revoluce 1743 - 1793
Gustav Freytag foto
Gustav Freytag5
německý spisovatel 1816 - 1895
Oldřich Mikulášek foto
Oldřich Mikulášek3
český básník 1910 - 1985
Dalších 45 dnešních výročí
Podobní autoři
Saul Bellow foto
Saul Bellow3
kanadsko-americký spisovatel
John Steinbeck foto
John Steinbeck56
americký spisovatel, novelista
Ernest Hemingway foto
Ernest Hemingway90
americký spisovatel a novinář
Friedrich August von Hayek foto
Friedrich August von Hayek3
rakouský ekonom, nositel Nobelovy ceny, politolog a sociolog
Peter Drucker foto
Peter Drucker19
rakouský ekonom a spisovatel