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Samuel Adams

Datum narození: 27. září 1722
Datum úmrtí: 2. říjen 1803

Samuel Adams byl americký státník, politický filosof a jeden z Otců zakladatelů Spojených států amerických. Jako politik v koloniálním Massachusetts se stal vůdcem hnutí, které se přetvořilo v Americkou revoluci. Jeho bratranec z druhého kolena byl americký prezident John Adams.

Narodil se v Bostonu do politicky aktivní rodiny. Vystudoval Harvard College a před zaměřením se na politiku byl neúspěšným podnikatelem a výběrčím daní. Byl členem hnutí, které odporovalo snaze Britského parlamentu danit britské kolonie v Americe bez jejich souhlasu. V roce 1768 napsal dopis, ve kterém žádal spolupráci kolonií. Kvůli tomu Britové začali okupovat Boston, což v roce 1770 vyústilo v Bostonský masakr. Adams a další patrioti nadále Britům odporovali a v roce 1773 zorganizovali Bostonské pití čaje.

V roce 1776 se stal jedním ze signatářů Deklarace nezávislosti Spojených států amerických. Po Americké revoluci se stal senátorem za Massachusetts a později guvernérem.



„K vítězství není zapotřebí většina… spíše rozzlobená a neúnavná menšina s nadšením pro zažehování ohňů svobody v myslích lidí.“

„Skrz temnotu, která pokrývá naše vyhlídky je vidět záchranná archa. Malomyslnost se stává nedůstojnou naší věci, i povaha těch, kteří jsou jejími příznivci.“


„If ye love wealth better than liberty, the tranquility of servitude better than the animating contest of freedom, go home from us in peace. We ask not your counsels or arms. Crouch down and lick the hands which feed you. May your chains set lightly upon you, and may posterity forget that ye were our countrymen.“

„If ever a time should come, when vain and aspiring men shall possess the highest seats in Government, our country will stand in need of its experienced patriots to prevent its ruin.“

„It does not take a majority to prevail... but rather an irate, tireless minority, keen on setting brushfires of freedom in the minds of men.“

„No people will tamely surrender their Liberties, nor can any be easily subdued, when knowledge is diffused and virtue is preserved. On the Contrary, when People are universally ignorant, and debauched in their Manners, they will sink under their own weight without the Aid of foreign Invaders.“

„The Constitution shall never be construed to prevent the people of the United States who are peaceable citizens from keeping their own arms.“

„A general dissolution of principles and manners will more surely overthrow the liberties of America than the whole force of the common enemy. While the people are virtuous they cannot be subdued; but when once they lose their virtue then will be ready to surrender their liberties to the first external or internal invader.“


„The liberties of our country, the freedoms of our civil Constitution are worth defending at all hazards; it is our duty to defend them against all attacks. We have received them as a fair inheritance from our worthy ancestors. They purchased them for us with toil and danger and expense of treasure and blood. It will bring a mark of everlasting infamy on the present generation – enlightened as it is – if we should suffer them to be wrested from us by violence without a struggle, or to be cheated out of them by the artifices of designing men.“

„All might be free if they valued freedom, and defended it as they should.“

„If you love wealth greater than liberty, the tranquility of servitude greater than the animating contest for freedom, go home from us in peace. We seek not your counsel, nor your arms. Crouch down and lick the hand that feeds you; May your chains set lightly upon you, and may posterity forget that you were our countrymen.“

„Nil desperandum, -- Never Despair. That is a motto for you and me. All are not dead; and where there is a spark of patriotic fire, we will rekindle it.“


„The right to freedom is the gift of God Almighty.... The rights of the Colonists as Christians may be best understood by reading, and carefully studying the institutes of the great Lawgiver and head of the Christian Church: which are to be found clearly written and promuligated in the New Testament.“

„Nothing is more essential to the establishment of manners in a State than that all persons employed in places of power and trust must be men of unexceptionable characters.“

„[I]t is the greatest absurdity to suppose it in the power of one, or of any number of men, at the entering into society to renounce their essential natural rights, or the means of preserving those rights, when the grand end of civil government, from the very nature of its institution, is for the support, protection, and defence of those very rights; the principal of which, as is before observed, are life, liberty, and property. If men, through fear, fraud, or mistake, should in terms renounce or give up an essential natural right, the eternal law of reason and the grand end of society would absolutely vacate such renunciation. The right of freedom being the gift of God Almighty, it is not in the power of man to alienate this gift and voluntarily become a slave.“

„How strangely will the Tools of a Tyrant pervert the plain Meaning of Words!“

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