John Locke citáty

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John Locke

Datum narození: 29. srpen 1632
Datum úmrtí: 28. říjen 1704

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John Locke byl anglický filosof. Proslul zejména svou empiristickou teorií poznání a svou politickou filosofií, v níž hájil přirozenou svobodu a rovnost lidí. Hluboce ovlivnil britské osvícenství a pozdější liberální myšlení.

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Citáty John Locke

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„The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation“

—  John Locke
Context: The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation, giving one another a fair silent hearing till they have quite done; and then answering them calmly, and without noise or passion. And if it be not so in this civiliz'd part of the world, we must impute it to a neglect in education, which has not yet reform'd this antient piece of barbarity amongst us. Sec. 145

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„Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours.“

—  John Locke
Context: This is that which I think great readers are apt to be mistaken in; those who have read of everything, are thought to understand everything too; but it is not always so. Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. We are of the ruminating kind, and it is not enough to cram ourselves with a great load of collections; unless we chew them over again, they will not give us strength and nourishment. As quoted in "Hand Book : Caution and Counsels" in The Common School Journal Vol. 5, No. 24 (15 December 1843) by Horace Mann, p. 371

„Teach them humility, and to be good-natur'd“

—  John Locke
Context: Though the managing ourselves well in this part of our behavior has the name good-breeding, as if a peculiar effect of education; yet... young children should not be much perplexed about it... Teach them humility, and to be good-natur'd, if you can, and this sort of manners will not be wanting; civility being in truth nothing but a care not to shew any slighting or contempt of any one in conversation. Sec. 145

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„That force is to be opposed to nothing, but to unjust and unlawful force.“

—  John Locke
Context: To this I answer: That force is to be opposed to nothing, but to unjust and unlawful force. Whoever makes any opposition in any other case, draws on himself a just condemnation, both from God and man… Second Treatise of Government, Ch. XVIII, sec. 204

„Curiosity should be as carefully cherish'd in children, as other appetites suppress'd.“

—  John Locke
Context: They should always be heard, and fairly and kindly answer'd, when they ask after any thing they would know, and desire to be informed about. Curiosity should be as carefully cherish'd in children, as other appetites suppress'd. Sec. 108

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