John Henry Newman citáty
John Henry Newman
Datum narození: 21. únor 1801
Datum úmrtí: 11. srpen 1890
Blahoslavený John Henry Newman byl anglikánský a katolický teolog a filozof, roku 1879 jej Lev XIII. jmenoval kardinálem. Ctihodným byl prohlášen 21. ledna 1991. Papež Benedikt XVI. jej při své návštěvě Spojeného království 19. září 2010 v Birminghamu blahořečil.
Citáty John Henry Newman
kniha The Idea of a University
„A proto skutečně veliký intelekt, uznávaný obecným míněním lidstva, jako byl intelekt Aristotelův nebo sv. Tomáše Akvinského nebo Newtona nebo Goetha (…), dokáže souhrnně nazřít věci staré i nové, minulé i současné, vzdálené i blízké a má vhled i do všech jejich vzájemných vlivů; bez toho neexistuje žádný celek a žádný střed.“
kniha The Idea of a University
„The more I read of Athanasius, Theodoret, etc, the more I see that the ancients did make the Scriptures the basis of their belief.“
— John Henry Newman, kniha Apologia Pro Vita Sua
To Richard Hurrell Froude, August 23, 1835.
Letters and Correspondence of John Henry Newman During His Life in the English Church, 1890, Anne Mozley, ed., Longmans’s Green & Co., London, New York, Volume 2, p. 113. http://books.google.com/books?id=uak8AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA113&dq=%22the+more+i+read+of+athanasius,+theodoret%22&hl=en&ei=CeBlTqH1K4m2sQL91pm3Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22the%20more%20i%20read%20of%20athanasius%2C%20theodoret%22&f=false
Kontext: The more I read of Athanasius, Theodoret, etc, the more I see that the ancients did make the Scriptures the basis of their belief. The only question is, would they have done so in another point besides the θεολογία (theology), etc, which happened in the early ages to be in discussion? I incline to say the Creed is the faith necessary to salvation, as well as to Church communion, and to maintain that Scripture, according to the Fathers, is the authentic record and document of this faith.
It surely is reasonable that 'necessary to salvation' should apply to the Baptismal Creed: 'In the name of,' etc (vid. He who believeth etc.). Now the Apostles' Creed is nothing but this; for the Holy Catholic Church, etc [in it] are but the medium through which God comes to us. Now this θεολογία, I say, the Fathers do certainly rest on Scripture, as upon two tables of stone. I am surprised more and more to see how entirely they fall into Hawkins’s theory even in set words, that Scripture proves and the Church teaches. http://books.google.com/books?id=JbwJVBOvECwC&pg=PA66&dq=%22that+the+sacred+text+was+never+intended+to+teach+doctrine,+but+only+to+prove+it%22&hl=en&ei=k-RlTq__FOStsQKOwrCzCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22that%20the%20sacred%20text%20was%20never%20intended%20to%20teach%20doctrine%2C%20but%20only%20to%20prove%20it%22&f=false
I believe it would be extremely difficult to show that tradition is ever considered by them (in matters of faith) more than interpretative of Scripture. It seems that when a heresy rose they said at once ‘That is not according to the Church's teaching,’ i. e. they decided it by the praejudicium [N. B. prescription] of authority.
Again, when they met together in council, they brought the witness of tradition as a matter of fact, but when they discussed the matter in council, cleared their views, etc., proved their power, they always went to Scripture alone. They never said 'It must be so and so, because St. Cyrian says this, St. Clement explains in his third book of the "Paedagogue," etc.' and with reason; for the Fathers are a witness only as one voice, not in individual instances, or, much less, isolated passages, but every word of Scripture is inspired and available.
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Letter to Mrs William Froude, 27 June 1848.
„Nothing would be done at all, if a man waited till he could do it so well, that no one could find fault with it.“
Lectures on the Present Position of Catholics in England (1851)
Varianta: In a higher world it is otherwise, but here below to live is to change, and to be perfect is to have changed often.
Zdroj: An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine (1845), Chapter 1, Section 1, Part 7.
Discourse VIII, pt. 10.
The Idea of a University (1873)
„From the age of fifteen, dogma has been the fundamental principle of my religion: I know no other religion; I cannot enter into the idea of any other sort of religion; religion, as a mere sentiment, is to me a dream and a mockery.“
Apologia Pro Vita Sua [A defense of one's own life] (1864)
Nature and Art http://www.newmanreader.org/works/verses/verse5.html, st. 12 (1868).
„Lead, Kindly Light, amid the encircling gloom,
Lead Thou me on!
The night is dark, and I am far from home—
Lead Thou me on!
Keep Thou my feet: I do not ask to see
The distant scene,—one step enough for me.“
The Pillar of the Cloud http://www.bartleby.com/236/75.html, st. 1 (1833).