Walter Rauschenbusch citáty

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Walter Rauschenbusch

Datum narození: 4. říjen 1861
Datum úmrtí: 25. červenec 1918

Walter Rauschenbusch byl americký protestantský teolog a baptistický kazatel. Patřil ke klíčovým osobnostem teologického hnutí Social Gospel .

Od roku 1897 byl profesorem Nového zákona na Rochester Theological Seminary; jeho teologická orientace byla liberální.

Významně ovlivnil myšlení Martina Luthera Kinga. Jeho vnukem byl filozof Richard Rorty.

Citáty Walter Rauschenbusch

„Proroci jsou tlukoucím srdcem Starého zákona.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Originál: (en) Prophets are the beating hearts of the Old Testament.
Zdroj: [Rauschenbusch, Walter, 1907, Christianity and the Social Crisis, Westminster John Knox Press, 3, angličtina]

„Western civilization is passing through a social revolution unparalleled in history for scope and power.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Introduction, p. xi
Kontext: Western civilization is passing through a social revolution unparalleled in history for scope and power. Its coming was inevitable.... By universal consent this social crisis is the overshadowing problem of our generation.

„Jesus was not a social reformer of the modern type… he approached these facts purely from the moral, and not from the economic or historical point of view.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.2 The Social Aims of Jesus, p. 47
Kontext: Men are seizing on Jesus as the exponent of their own social convictions. They all claim him.... But in truth Jesus was not a social reformer of the modern type... he approached these facts purely from the moral, and not from the economic or historical point of view.

„The individualistic conception of religion is so strongly fortified in theological literature and ecclesiastical institutions that its monopoly cannot be broken in a hurry. It will take a generation or two for the new social comprehension of religion to become common property.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.2 The Social Aims of Jesus, p. 46
Kontext: Eminent theologians, like other eminent thinkers, live in the social environment of wealth and to that extent are slow to see. The individualistic conception of religion is so strongly fortified in theological literature and ecclesiastical institutions that its monopoly cannot be broken in a hurry. It will take a generation or two for the new social comprehension of religion to become common property.

„Where we used to see a panorama of wars and strutting kings and court harlots, we now see the struggle of the people to wrest a living from nature and to shake off their oppressors. The new present has created a new past. The French Revolution was the birth of modern democracy, and also of the modern school of history.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.2 The Social Aims of Jesus, p. 45
Kontext: We are to-day in the midst of a revolutionary epoch fully as thorough as that of the Renaissance and Reformation. It is accompanied by a reinterpretation of nature and of history. The social movement has helped to create the modern study of history. Where we used to see a panorama of wars and strutting kings and court harlots, we now see the struggle of the people to wrest a living from nature and to shake off their oppressors. The new present has created a new past. The French Revolution was the birth of modern democracy, and also of the modern school of history.

„Ancient families became extinct and the Church became the heir of their lands and slaves and serfs.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.4 Why Has Christianity Never Undertaken the Work of Social Reconstruction?, p. 144
Kontext: When the machinery of [Roman] imperial administration broke down in the provinces under the invasion of the barbarians in the fifth century the machinery of the Church remained unbroken.... Ancient families became extinct and the Church became the heir of their lands and slaves and serfs. Small proprietors sought security by committing their lands to the Church and becoming its tenants.

„This Christian ceremonial system does not differ essentially from that against which the prophets protested; with a few verbal changes their invectives would still apply.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.1 The Historical Roots of Christianity the Hebrew Prophets, p. 7
Kontext: Christian ritual grew up not as the appropriate and aesthetic expression of spiritual emotions, but as the indispensable means of pleasing and appeasing God, and of securing his favors, temporal and eternal, for those who put their heart into these processes. This Christian ceremonial system does not differ essentially from that against which the prophets protested; with a few verbal changes their invectives would still apply.

„History is never antiquated, because humanity is always fundamentally the same.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.1 The Historical Roots of Christianity the Hebrew Prophets, p. 1
Kontext: History is never antiquated, because humanity is always fundamentally the same. It is always hungry for bread, sweaty with labor, struggling to wrest from nature and hostile men enough to feed its children. The welfare of the mass is always at odds with the selfish force of the strong.

„Primitive religions consisted mainly in the worship of the powers of nature.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

...the essential thing in religion was not morality, but the ceremonial method of placating the god, securing his gifts, and ascertaining his wishes. He might even be pleased best by immoral actions, by the immolation of human victims, by the sacrifice of woman's chastity, or by the burning of the first born.
Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.1 The Historical Roots of Christianity the Hebrew Prophets, p. 4

„The sympathy of the prophets, even of the most aristocratic among them, was entirely on the side of the poorer classes.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.1 The Historical Roots of Christianity the Hebrew Prophets, p. 11-12
Kontext: The sympathy of the prophets, even of the most aristocratic among them, was entirely on the side of the poorer classes.... The edge of their invectives was turned against the land-hunger of the landed aristocracy who "joined house to house and laid field to field," till a country of sturdy peasants was turned into a series of great estates; against the capitalistic ruthlessness that "sold the righteous for silver and the needy for a pair of shoes," thrusting the poor free-man into slavery to collect a trifling debt; against the venality of the judges who took bribes and had a double standard of law for the rich and the poor.

„We are to-day in the midst of a revolutionary epoch fully as thorough as that of the Renaissance and Reformation.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.2 The Social Aims of Jesus, p. 45
Kontext: We are to-day in the midst of a revolutionary epoch fully as thorough as that of the Renaissance and Reformation. It is accompanied by a reinterpretation of nature and of history. The social movement has helped to create the modern study of history. Where we used to see a panorama of wars and strutting kings and court harlots, we now see the struggle of the people to wrest a living from nature and to shake off their oppressors. The new present has created a new past. The French Revolution was the birth of modern democracy, and also of the modern school of history.

„The familiar text is followed by the very material promise of economic prosperity and the threat of continued war“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.1 The Historical Roots of Christianity the Hebrew Prophets, p. 10
Kontext: The words are part of the first chapter of Isaiah to which reference has been made. The prophet throughout the chapter deals with the national condition of the kingdom of Judah and its capital.... he urges... the abolition of social oppression and injustice as the only way of regaining God's favor for the nation. If they would vindicate the cause of the helpless and oppressed, then he would freely pardon; then their scarlet and crimson guilt would be washed away. The familiar text is followed by the very material promise of economic prosperity and the threat of continued war: "If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land; but if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword."

„The prophets were the heralds of the fundamental truth that religion and ethics are inseparable, and that ethical conduct is the supreme and sufficient religious act. If that principle had been fully adopted“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.1 The Historical Roots of Christianity the Hebrew Prophets, p. 7
Kontext: The prophets were the heralds of the fundamental truth that religion and ethics are inseparable, and that ethical conduct is the supreme and sufficient religious act. If that principle had been fully adopted in our religious life, it would have turned the full force of the religious impulse into the creation of right moral conduct and would have made the unchecked growth and accumulation of injustice impossible.

„Let us do our thinking on these great questions“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Introduction, p.xv
Kontext: Let us do our thinking on these great questions, not with our eyes fixed on our bank account, but with a wise outlook on the fields of the future and with the consciousness that the spirit of the Eternal is seeking to distil from our lives, some essence of righteousness, before they pass away.

„Throughout the Middle Ages the sway of the Church over the moral and spiritual life of the people,“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.4 Why Has Christianity Never Undertaken the Work of Social Reconstruction?, p. 145
Kontext: Throughout the Middle Ages the sway of the Church over the moral and spiritual life of the people, her power to inspire and direct their enthusiasms and energies, her chance for molding their conceptions of life, were amazing and unparalleled by any other force.

„The religious ideal of Israel was the theocracy. But the theocracy meant the complete penetration of the national life by religious morality. It meant politics in the name of God.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.1 The Historical Roots of Christianity the Hebrew Prophets, p. 8

„The welfare of the mass is always at odds with the selfish force of the strong.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.1 The Historical Roots of Christianity the Hebrew Prophets, p. 1
Kontext: History is never antiquated, because humanity is always fundamentally the same. It is always hungry for bread, sweaty with labor, struggling to wrest from nature and hostile men enough to feed its children. The welfare of the mass is always at odds with the selfish force of the strong.

„I have never ceased to feel that I owe help to the plain people who were my friends. If this book“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Introduction, p.xv
Kontext: I have written this book to discharge a debt. For eleven years I was pastor among the working people on the West Side of New York City.... I have never ceased to feel that I owe help to the plain people who were my friends. If this book in some far-off way helps to ease the pressure that bears them down and increases the forces that bear them up, I shall meet the Master of my life with better confidence.

„In so far as men believed that the traditional ceremonial was what God wanted of them, they would be indifferent to the reformation of social ethics.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.1 The Historical Roots of Christianity the Hebrew Prophets, p. 6
Kontext: In so far as men believed that the traditional ceremonial was what God wanted of them, they would be indifferent to the reformation of social ethics. If the hydraulic force of religion could be turned toward conduct, there is nothing which it could not accomplish.

„Jesus accepted John as the forerunner of his own work.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch

Zdroj: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.2 The Social Aims of Jesus, p. 52-53
Kontext: Jesus accepted John as the forerunner of his own work. It was the popular movement created by John which brought Jesus out of the seclusion of Nazareth. He received John's baptism as the badge of the new Messianic hope and repentance.... He drew his earliest and choicest disciples from the followers of John. When John was dead, some thought Jesus was John risen from the dead. He realized clearly the difference between the stern ascetic spirit of the Baptist and his own sunny trust and simple human love, but to the end of his life he championed John and dared the Pharisees to deny his divine mission.... In the main he shared John's national and social hope. His aim too was the realization of the theocracy.

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